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Weekly Visiting Scholar Seminars
November 2, 2022•12:00 pm – November 30, 2022•1:00 pm
We’re thrilled to welcome a new cohort of visitor scholars from universities around the world and to once again host in-person events in our building.
Join us every Wednesday at noon in the IRLE Director’s Conference Room for our weekly lunchtime seminars, where visiting scholars and Berkeley scholars present their research. All members of the IRLE community as well as any others interested in the talks are welcome. Pizza will be served.
|Date||Presenting Scholar’s Name||Talk Title|
|08/31/2022||Michael Reich, UC Berkeley||Are $15 Minimum Wages Too High?|
|09/14/2022||Amory Gethin, Paris School of Economics||Global Poverty and the Rise of Public Goods|
|09/21/2022||Jan Gromadzki, SGH Warsaw School of Economics||Labor supply effects of a universal cash transfer
Unconditional cash transfers in the form of a universal basic income, a universal basic pension or a universal child benefit are increasingly being discussed in many countries. In this article, I investigate the labor supply effects of the introduction of a large unconditional cash benefit. I exploit the unique design of the child benefit program in Poland to identify the pure income effect of the monthly transfer. I find very small labor supply effects on both the intensive and extensive margin. Additional evidence shows that instead of extending their free time, households receiving the benefit substantially increased their consumption and savings.
|09/28/2022||Sebastian Hager, University of Munich||Speaking of Gender: How Superior’s Attitudes Shape the Careers of Women
Do women get promoted based on employers’ gender attitudes? I tackle this question by studying the effect that a female-friendly vs. female-unfriendly minister has on the career prospects of women in German ministries. In order to do so, I develop a novel measure of gender attitudes: the extent to which a person speaks gender-inclusively. Based on thirty years of parliamentary speeches, I construct a politician-level score measuring the degree of female-friendly language. I calculate each minister’s score and relate it to self-collected employee-level data from German ministries. Indeed, ministers with low gender attitudes appoint fewer women to leadership ranks in their respective ministries. In particular, I find that ministers with one standard deviation higher gender attitudes increase women’s promotion probability by about two percentage points. Superiors’ gender attitudes do matter for women’s career outcomes.
|10/05/2022||Salla Kalin, University of Helsinki||Do Changes in Financial Aid Affect the Labor Supply and Academic Performance of Students?|
|10/12/2022||Cameron Black, UC Berkeley||Student-Athlete or University Employee: Student-Athletes, Labor, and Workman’s Compensation, 1870-1960|
|10/19/2022||David Phillips, University of Notre Dame||Eliminating Fares to Expand Opportunities: Experimental Evidence on the Impacts of Free Public Transportation|
|10/26/2022||Lukas Lehner, University of Oxford||Reframing active labor market policy
Public employment services provide training to jobseekers aimed at increasing skills and improving matching. However, many jobseekers are reluctant to participate. In this field experiment, we investigate the non-take up of free training programs. We designed multiple different treatment arms to separate out direct effects of raising awareness, strengthening reciprocity and autonomy, and reducing asymmetric information. Treatment is randomly assigned and consists solely of the variation in information provided to jobseekers. We run the intervention on 11’000 jobseekers in one Austrian state. Initial results show significant increases in training and a shift towards more qualification-oriented and less activation-oriented training programs. The program’s success has resulted in a state-wide implementation of the program.
|11/02/2022||Alice Lapeyre, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics||Firm Behavioral Response to Short-Time Work Design|
|11/09/2022||Adam Leive, UC Berkeley||Wage Insurance for Displaced Workers|
|11/16/2022||Lukas Delgado-Prieto, Universidad Carolos III de Madrid||The Role of Workers and Firms in the Impact of Immigration
This paper studies the worker-level effects of a labor supply shock and determines the role of firms in these effects. To do so, I exploit Venezuelans’ uneven and massive arrival within Colombia (as of 2019, nearly 2 million Venezuelans lived in Colombia) and use administrative employer-employee data covering the universe of formal workers to follow natives’ labor market outcomes over time. Overall, I find a reduction in worker-level employment that is concentrated at the bottom of the wage distribution (among self-employed and minimum wage earners). Besides, I find a negative wage effect that is driven by workers from the upper part of the wage distribution who work in relatively small firms. To identify the subgroups most affected by immigration, I implement a machine learning method that shows that firm-specific pay premiums are more important in explaining the negative effect on employment and wages than other worker characteristics. These results support the influential role that firms play in determining the impact of immigration on workers’ outcomes.
|11/23/2022||No meeting||No meeting|
|11/30/2022||Kevin Parra Ramirez, Sciences Po||TBA|
|12/07/2022||Ségal Le Guern Herry, Sciences Po||TBA|
|12/14/2022||Andrea Chandrasekher, UC Davis||TBA|