“The Major Interdisciplinary Journal in the Field of Employment and Labor Relations”
-Daniel J.B. Mitchell
Volume 53, Issue 4
Short-time Compensation as a Tool to Mitigate Job Loss. Evidence on the U.S. Experience during the Recent Recession
Katharine G. Abraham and Susan N. Houseman
During the recent recession only 17 states offered short-time compensation (STC)-pro-rated unemployment benefits for workers whose hours are reduced for economic reasons. New federal legislation will encourage the expansion of STC. Exploiting cross-state variation in STC, we present new evidence indicating that jobs saved during the recession as a consequence of STC could have been significant in manufacturing, but that the overall scale of the STC program was generally too small to have substantially mitigated aggregate job losses in the 17 states. Expansion of the program is necessary for STC to be an effective counter-cyclical tool in the future.
Attitudes Towards Economic Risk and Occupational Choice
Anh T. Le, Paul W. Miller, Wendy S. Slutske, and Nicolas C. Martin
This paper examines the effects of attitudes towards economic risk on occupational choice. Workers with a more favorable disposition towards economic risk have a higher probability of being employed in the more prestigious, high-paying Professional and Administration occupations. Potential biases associated with omitted genetic and family background factors are considered. The marked differential in attitudes towards economic risk between males and females, however, makes only a minor contribution to the considerable occupational segregation on the basis of gender in the contemporary Australian labor market.
Prevailing Wage Regulations and School Construction Costs
Kevin duncan, Peter Phillips, and Mark Prus
The effect of prevailing wage laws on the cost of public construction has been the subject of an ongoing public policy debate. We measure this effect by comparing the public/private construction cost differential of schools built before and after British Columbia’s Skills Development and Fair Wage Policy. Regression results indicate that there was no statistically significant change in the public/private construction cost differential with the introduction of the wage policy.
Minimum Pay Scale and Career Length in the NBA
Johnny Ducking, Peter A. Groothuis, and James Richard Hill
We use data from the National Basketball Association (NBA) to analyze the impact of minimum salaries on an employee’s career length. The NBA has a salary structure in which the minimum salary a player can receive increases with the player’s years of experience. The NFL has a similar minimum wage policy; research suggests that the introduction of this system shortened career length in the NFL. Using duration analysis, we fail to find evidence that the new multi-tiered minimum wage scale in the NBA increased the probability of exit.
Who wants the contrat de travail unique? Social Support for Labour Market Flexibilisation in France
A proposal to substitute a unique labour contract with a degree of employment protection increasing with tenure to the existing open-end and fixed-term contracts was made in France. Using survey data, this paper analyses the social support for the CTU. Contrary to the prediction of insider/outsider theories, support for the CTU comes from insider groups whereas most outsider groups oppose it. This result may be the consequence of the job protection increasing with tenure. This mechanism could reinforce certain types of market segmentation instead of abolishing employment precariousness.