|Sources of Information on Law and Policy (including laws on immigration, citizenship and anti-discrimination)
Recent U.S. Immigration Policy Proposals
U.S. Immigration Laws, Historical Overview
Other U.S. Resources
International Law and Policy
Current U.S. Immigration Policy Proposals (as of September 2006)
House Bill (HR. 4437)
(Passed by the House of Representatives on December 16, 2005)
The House immigration bill, which contains no guest worker or citizenship programs, calls for the construction of reinforced fencing of at least two layers along 700 miles of the 2,000-mile U.S. border with Mexico. The fence would run across parts of California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.
Senate Bill (S. 2611)
(Passed by the Senate on May 25, 2006)
The Senate legislation calls for tighter border security, with the construction of about 370 miles of reinforced, triple-layer border fencing, and also provides a path to citizenship for millions of illegal immigrants living in the United States. The Senate bill also allows up to 200,000 foreign workers to apply for U.S. guest-worker permits each year. Guest workers would receive an initial three-year visa, with the ability to extend the visa once for another three-year period. After four years, foreign workers would be able to apply for permanent U.S. residence.
President Bush’s Comprehensive Bill
President Bush wants a “middle ground” concerning the various issues involved in reforming immigration policy. The five clear objectives of his comprehensive immigration reform include:
Border Security, by adding an additional 6,000 Border Patrol agents
Temporary Worker Program
Dealing with the millions of illegal immigrants who are already here
Honoring the great American tradition of the melting pot.
Currently, about 6,000 National Guard members have been deployed to help the Border Patrol secure the southern border under “Operation Jump Start”.
U.S. Immigration Policy, Historical Overview
U.S. Immigration Policy, Historical Overview (1790-1996)
This provides a very good and comprehensive overview of U.S. legislations pertinent to immigration and naturalization over a 200 year period. Put together by former INS librarian Marian Smith.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
Formerly the INS, the new USCIS handles most immigration and naturalization services. The site is a great resource for information about American policy, past and present immigration/citizenship data and there are some very good reports providing an overview of the INS and American immigration history.
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (National Origin Discrimination and Citizenship)
Whether an employee or job applicant's ancestry is Mexican, Ukrainian, Filipino, Arab, American Indian, or any other nationality, he or she is entitled to the same employment opportunities as anyone else. EEOC enforces the federal prohibition against national origin discrimination in employment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which covers employers with fifteen (15) or more employees. The site includes charge statistics.
U.S. Department of Justice, Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices
The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices ("OSC") investigates charges of job discrimination related to an individual's immigration status or national origin.
National Conference of State Legislatures Immigrant Policy Project
Provides an overview of State Legislation related to immigration.
Congressional Research Service reports to congress
American Immigration Law Foundation
International Law and Policy
Citizenship and Immigration, Canada
This federal department offers information on Canadian immigration, refugee and citizenship policy, and provides some research and statistics on-line.
Department of Immigration, Multiculturalism and Indigenous Affairs, Australia
The department offers information on Australian immigration, refugee, citizenship and multiculturalism policy, and makes some research and statistics available on-line.
European Union Immigration Portal
Information on European Union immigration policies.
International Labor Organization
The UN specialized agency, which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights. The ILO has a strong interest in migrant labour, and has publications, data and other information on its web site.
International Organization for Migration
An inter-governmental organization that works with states and NGOs to settle migrants and collect information about migration. The web site offers publications and data.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
An agency of the United Nations, with a primary mission to safeguard the rights and well being of refugees. A great resource for information about refugee numbers and flows around the world.