Summer 2010 (43)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

The Year in Review
Director's Letter

IRLE News & Events
Former IRLE Director Clair Brown Named Professor in the Graduate School
IRLE Director Michael Reich Goes on Sabbatical, 2010-11
IRLE Faculty Elected to the American Academy of Sciences
Secretary Clinton Appoints Dan Kammen as "Clean Energy Fellow"
2009-2010 Working Papers
IRLE Web Traffic: Highlights

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Work, Technology and Society
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families
Work & Health Initiative

Next eNews Issue: August/September 2010


Remarks from IRLE Director Michael Reich

May 25, 2010

Dear Friends of IRLE,

The 2009-10 academic year was one of the most challenging periods the University of California has ever faced. Substantial budget cuts for Organized Research Units (ORUs) such as IRLE made it much more difficult for us to maintain robust research and community support agendas.

Nonetheless, I am happy to report that IRLE worked hard to preserve its core programs and was even able to expand in some areas. For example, the Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy launched a major new project, supported by the California Public Utility Commission, to study the educational and training needs of California workers in the emerging Green Economy.

IRLE's Faculty Colloquium Series attracted a distinguished roster of speakers, from the Berkeley campus and from universities within and beyond the U. S. Although what was once a monthly series grew into a weekly event, we still did not have enough slots to accommodate all those who wanted to present their work. Our visiting scholars program has doubled in size since 2008, reconfirming IRLE's long-time reputation as a site for research about labor and employment in a global context.

Faculty-led centers such as the Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics and the Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics continue to generate working papers and publications and to create opportunities for graduate students to advance their dissertation research. CCOP's student working paper series provides a broad audience for young researchers, which will surely help them early in their careers.

The books published during the year by our faculty affiliates are presented in a slide show on IRLE’s web page. A particular highlight this year is Labor in the Era of Globalization, edited by Clair Brown, Barry Eichengreen and Michael Reich, with contributions as well from IRLE affiliates David Card and Stephen Raphael and several IRLE alumni.

The Labor Center substantially increased the number and breadth of its policy studies and issue-oriented research. Several of its health care and wage-related reports received national attention. The Labor Center's outreach programs continue to grow, with more lectures, colloquia, and training programs such as the C. L. Dellums African American Leadership School leading the way.

IRLE's Library Commons, which was dedicated in 2006, has come into its own. It is now used by a wide spectrum of faculty, students and staff from the Berkeley campus as well as the community. Study carrels and WiFi Internet access are heavily used, the collection is seeing heavier usage, and reference assistance has grown as a result.

I wish to give my warmest thanks and appreciation to our affiliated faculty, our staff and our students for their excellence and dedication and for helping us to maintain the vibrant IRLE community. I also want to welcome Professor Karen Chapple, of the Department of City and Regional Planning, who will serve as Acting Director in 2010-11 while I take a long-deferred sabbatical year.

Michael Reich
Professor of Economics and Director, IRLE



Former IRLE Director Clair Brown Named Professor in the Graduate School

Clair Brown, Professor of Economics and former director of IRLE, has appointed as Professor in the Graduate School. This is a very high honor that is conferred only rarely, and IRLE extends its congratulations to Clair. Clair's long career has been marked a several milestones, including major grant funding for her research, and numerous publications that have been widely respected. She plans to continue her research activities even as she takes part in campus-level planning for undergraduate education. IRLE celebrates Clair's career, and looks forward to her continued involvement in the IRLE community.

For more information, see the IRLE Web:


IRLE Director Michael Reich Goes on Sabbatical, 2010-11

IRLE Director Michael Reich Professor will be on sabbatical for the 2010-11 academic year. During his sabbatical, Professor Karen Chapple (Department of City and Regional Planning) will serve as Acting Director. Michael will return to IRLE as Director in July 2011.


IRLE Affiliated Faculty Members Elected to American Academy of Arts & Sciences

Emmanuel Saez (Economics), Ruth Berins Collier (Political Science) and Neil Fligstein (Sociology) have been elected to the American Academic of Arts and Sciences. Established in 1780 by John Adams and other founders of the nation, the academy undertakes studies of complex and emerging problems. Each year, it chooses to honor several hundred of the nation's and world's leaders in the sciences, social sciences, the humanities, the arts, business and public affairs.


Secretary Hillary Clinton appoints Dan Kammen first clean energy fellow to Western Hemisphere

On April 15, 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton today named IRLE Affiliated Faculty member Daniel Kammen a Senior Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) Fellow to advise nations in the Western Hemisphere on clean energy issues.

Prof. Kammen will consult with and offer advice to participating nations on scientific, technical and policy avenues to lower their carbon footprint and develop sustainable energy initiatives.

Read the full story at the UC Berkeley NewsCenter:


IRLE Working Papers, 2009-10

IRLE Working Papers are available for download on the IRLE Web at
and at eScholarship


Minority Influence Theory
Working Paper No. 218-10
May 8, 2010
Charlan Jeanne Nemeth

The Within-Job Motherhood Wage Penalty in Norway, 1979-1996
Working Paper No. 217-10
May 3, 2010
Trond Petersen, Andrew M. Penner, and Geir Høgnsnes

American Exceptionalism and the Quality of Life in the United States: Some Preliminary Statistical Observations
Working Paper No. 216-10
April 30, 2010
Jerome Karabel

Overconfidence and the Attainment of Status in Groups
Working Paper No. 215-10
April 14, 2010
Cameron Anderson and Sebastien Brion

The Impact of Founder Professional Education Background on the Adoption of Open Science by For-Profit Biotechnology Firms
Working Paper No. 214-10
April 14, 2010
Waverly Ding

Do We Know Who Values Us? Dyadic Meta-Accuracy in the Perception of Professional Relationships
Working Paper No. 213-10
April 14, 2010
Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Noah Eisenkraft, and Waverly Ding

Press and Pulpit: Competition, Co-operation and the Growth of Religious Magazines in Antebellum America
Working Paper No. 212-10
April 9, 2010
Adam Goldstein and Heather A. Haveman

The Rise and Fall of the Nonconventional Mortgage Industry
Working Paper No. 211-10
April 2, 2010
Adam Goldstein and Neil Fligstein

California, Pivot of the Great Recession
Working Paper No. 203-10
March 31, 2010
Ashok Bardhan and Richard A. Walker

Employee Replacement Costs
Working Paper No. 201-10
March 4, 2010
Arindrajit Dube, Eric Freeman, and Michael Reich

Commitment is a Two-Way Street: Toyota, California and NUMMI
Working Paper No. 202-10
March 3, 2010
Harley Shaiken

The Anatomy of the Mortgage Securitization Crisis
Working Paper No. 200-10
February 23, 2010
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein

Can Joe the Plumber Support Redistribution? Law, Social Preferences, and Sustainable Policy Design
Working Paper No. 210-10
February 22, 2010
Gillian Lester

Where are all the Immigrant Organizations? Reassessing the Scope of Civil Society for Immigrant Communities
Working Paper No. 199-10
February 16, 2010
Shannon Gleeson and Irene Bloemraad

Earnings Determination and Taxes: Evidence from a Cohort-Based Payroll Tax Reform in Greece
Working Paper No. 209-10
February 2, 2010
Emmanuel Saez, Manos Matsaganis, and Panos Tsakloglou

U.S. Health Care and Real Health in Comparative Perspective: Lessons from Abroad
Working Paper No. 197-10
February 1, 2010
Harold L. Wilensky

Optimal Minimum Wage Policy in Competitive Labor Markets
Working Paper No. 208-10
January 29, 2010
David Lee and Emannuel Saez

U.S. Navy Promotion and Retention by Race and Sex
Working Paper No. 198-10
January 5, 2010
Amos Golan, William Greene, and Jeffrey M. Perloff

Toward a General Theory of Strategic Action Fields
Working Paper No. 207-10
January 3, 2010
Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam


International Migration, Sex Ratios, and the Socioeconomic Outcomes of Non-migrant Mexican Women
Working Paper No. 206-09
November 1, 2009
Steven Raphael

Stereotype Threat in Organizations: An Examination of its Scope, Triggers, and Possible Interventions
Working Paper No. 195-09
October 5, 2009
Laura J. Kray, Aiwa Shirako

"Beyond the Plant Gates": Postwar Labor and the Organizational Substructure of Liberalism
Working Paper No. 194-09
October 5, 2009
Margaret Weir

The Changing Structure of Employment in Contemporary China
Working Paper No. 190-09
October 2, 2009
Peter Evans, Sarah Stavetieg

Strategic Alliances in the Japanese Economy: Types, Critiques, Embeddedness, and Change
Working Paper No. 189-09
September 24, 2009
James R. Lincoln

Whither the Keiretsu, Japan's Business Networks? How Were They Structured? What Did They Do? Why Are They Gone?
Working Paper No. 188-09
September 24, 2009
James R. Lincoln, Masahiro Shimotani

Choice of Law and Employee Restrictive Covenants
Working Paper No. 187-09
September 23, 2009
Gillian Lester, Elizabeth Ryan

Sustainability of Engineers' High Performance
Working Paper No. 193-09
September 14, 2009
Yoshifumi Nakata, Satoru Miyazaki

Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?
Working Paper No. 185-09
September 13, 2009
Guojun He, Jeffrey M. Perloff

The Impact of Living Wage Laws on Urban Economic Development Patterns and the Local Business Climate: Evidence from California Cities
Working Paper No. 184-09
September 10, 2009
William T. Lester

Income and Wealth Concentration in Spain from a Historical and Fiscal Perspective
Working Paper No. 205-09
September 4, 2009
Facundo Alvaredo and Emmanuel Saez

Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Update with 2007 estimates)
Working Paper No. 196-09
August 5, 2009
Emmanuel Saez

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off
Working Paper No. 186-09
July 8, 2009
Gillian Lester


IRLE Web Traffic: 2009-10 Highlights

IRLE's overall Web presence is heavily trafficked. Improved metrics services in the CalWeb Farm (our Web hosting service) enable us to extrapolate some interesting statistics.

Some highlights follow below, for the period beginning with July 1, 2009 and ending on April 30, 2010.

  • Over four million downloads (all file types and functions)
  • 579,586 pages (complete pages including reports and publications) were downloaded
  • Over 25 percent of visitors stayed connected to the IRLE Web for longer than 30 minutes
  • 10 percent of visitors stayed connected to the IRLE Web for more than one hour
  • The top ten program destinations were:
    • The Library
    • The Labor Center
    • Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
    • IRLE Colloquium Series
    • IRLE eNews

These figures do not include traffic on the Labor Project for Working Families or on working papers hosted by the eScholarship Repository. Total downloads of IRLE working papers hosted at eScholarship (for the same period) was 53,033.



The Labor Center

To see the Labor Center's Year In Review report, please click here.


California Public Employee Relations: 2009-2010

CPER Journal
Since last June, CPER Journal main articles have covered state furloughs, negotiating with public schools during hard times, H1N1 in the workplace, the difficulty of getting injunctive relief from the Public Employment Relations Board, email privacy expectations, the pitfalls of employment testing, bankruptcy in Vallejo, and the challenge of bringing new talent to local government.

In addition, in the journal's Recent Developments section, the CPER staff has kept public sector labor relations professionals updated on the state budget, stimulus money, teacher layoffs, retirement and health benefits, age discrimination, pregnancy leave, charter schools, arbitration, free speech, whistleblowing, and more.

Pocket Guides
CPER has published a new Pocket Guide title, the sixteenth in the series, Pocket Guide to Just Cause: Discipline and Discharge Arbitration, by former CPER Director Bonnie Bogue and Associate Editor Katherine J. Thomson. Cause or just cause for discipline or discharge is a requirement in most collective bargaining contracts and public sector personnel or civil service rules. The guide explains how it is defined, how hearing officers and arbitrators assess whether discipline or discharge should be upheld, and how representatives for employers, unions, or employees should prepare to present a disciplinary case.

We also published a new edition (the thirteenth) of our best-selling Pocket Guide to the Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights Act and a new edition (the third) to the Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts, a "user friendly" guide to the federal Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 and the California Family Rights Act of 1993.

New Endeavors
CPER has started a training and continuing education service. To begin our program, in April, we partnered with the Alameda County Bar Association to provide a continuing legal education seminar entitled, "FMLA and CFRA: Distinctions That Make a Difference."

And, in the face of budget cuts, we have inaugurated "Friends of CPER" as a way to welcome financial support from outside donors who benefit from our program. Donors are publically acknowledged in our new "Friends of CPER" section in CPER Journal and on our website.

California Public Employers Labor Relations Association Annual Conference
November 2009
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo gave a talk about the arbitration process.

Center for Collaborative Solutions: 20th Annual Labor-Management Conference
March 2010, Anaheim
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo moderated two panels: one, a public sector labor relations update; the other addressing privacy issues and Internet use in the workplace.

Industrial Relations Association of Northern California Annual Conference
March 2010, Sacramento
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo gave an update on public sector labor and employment law.

Bar Association of San Francisco, Labor and Employment Law Section Conference
April 2010, Yosemite
CPER Associate Editor Katherine Thomson presented a panel discussion on the effect of a recent Supreme Court decision on collective bargaining and arbitration of anti-discrimination laws and other statutory rights.

State Bar of California 16th Annual Public Sector Conference
May 2010, Sacramento
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo will give an update on public sector labor and employment law.


California Studies Center

During the 2009-10 academic year, CSC continued its role as host to the California Studies Association and the California Studies Dinner/Seminars. CSA held its annual California Studies Conference on April 16th at UC Davis, in concert with the new UC Press Journal BOOM: A Journal of California Studies (CSC chair Walker serves on the BOOM board). For more information, see: This past year saw eight Cal Studies dinners held at IRLE, featuring such authors as Richard Street (Beasts of the Fields) and Peter Richardson (A Bomb in Every Issue: A History of Ramparts Magazine). For the full series, go to:

The CSC's major research project continues to be the California Living New Deal, and project scholar, Gray Brechin, has been speaking widely around the state and the country. For more information, see Plans have been finalized to transfer the project website from the IRLE Library to the Department of Geography. This move signals a new era for CLNDP; project staff hope to extend the Web platform, written by Library Web Administrator Heather Lynch, to other states and perhaps as a national-level resource.

On October 29, 2010, the CSC & IRLE will be hosting a one-day conference entitled, New Deal or No Deal? Lessons from the 1930s for the Age of Obama, featuring such luminaries as Barry Eichengreen, Dean Baker and Marshall Ganz. The conference is being organized with by an IRLE faculty committee that includes Neil Fligstein, Michael Reich, Kim Voss and Richard Walker.


Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics

The Center supports an ongoing workshop where work in progress is presented and discussed. It also provides funds for graduate student research and sponsors conferences and other programs. Students and faculty from all social science disciplines are welcome to participate. The seminar draws mainly on students and faculty from sociology, political science, the business school, and the law school.

Working Papers for 2010

Boasson, Elin Lerum and Wettestad, Jørgen (#2010-01)
Understanding the Differing Governance of EU Emissions Trading and Renewables: Feedback Mechanisms and Policy Entrepreneurs

Calder, Ryan (#2010-02)
From the blackboard to the shariah board: How classical Islamic jurisprudence depoliticized

Habinek, Jacob (#2010-03)
State-building and the Origins of Disciplinary Specialization in Nineteenth Century Germany

Laurison, Daniel (#2010-04)
Backstage at the Campaign: The Race, Gender, and Education of National-Level Political Professionals

Moodie, Benjamin (#2010-05)
Using Fiction Sociologically

Working Papers for 2009

Emigh, Rebecca Jean, Riley, Dylan, and Ahmed, Patricia (#2009-01)
From Rights to Land: Chapter Two of Knowledge Production or Construction?: A Comparative Analysis of Census Taking in the West.

Sending, Ole Jacob (#2009-02)
The formation and transformation of a transnational field

Mayrl, Damon (#2009-03)
Why Do Church-State Relations Change? Politics, Institutions, and Federal Funding for Parochial Schools in Australia and America, 1945-1985

Vallée, Manuel (#2009-04)
ADHD: BIOLOGICAL DISEASE OR PSYCHOSOCIAL DISORDER? Accounting for the French-American Divergence in Ritalin Consumption

Acacio, Kristel (#2009-05)
Recruitment Agencies in Nurse Migration: Constructing Vital Pipelines through Profitable Business

Eidlin, Barry (#2009-06)
Access Isn't Everything: State Permeability, Class Capacities, and the Formation of U.S. and Canadian Labor Regimes, 1934-1948

Iversen, Martin Jes (#2009-07)
Economic integration in Danish business history, 1850-2000

Schulz, Jeremy (#2009-08)
The Social and Cultural Construction of the Work Life - Private Life Boundary in Three Countries: A Comparative Study of the Evening Hours in the Lives of Norwegian, French, and American Elite Professionals

Seminatore, Jennifer (#2009-09)
The Consequences of Collective Action: The Blue-Green Coalition and the Emergence of a Polanyian Social Movement


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

To see the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment's Year In Review report, please click here.


The Center for Work, Technology, and Society

CWTS Director Clair Brown has brought together a group of Berkeley researchers in a new project to develop effective and efficient assessment for social enterprises, especially those in the process of scaling. In order both to grow effectively and to raise adequate funds, these organizations need to do assessments of their impact compared to their costs. However these assessments are costly in time and money and divert the social enterprise from serving their clients/customers. CWTS is taking a creative approach that includes evaluating recipients' functionality rather than a narrow focus on productive activities. The goal is to develop online templates available to social enterprises to develop their own assessment programs.

CWTS's Clair Brown and Greg Linden published their book Chips and Change: How crisis reshapes the semiconductor industry (MIT Press, 2009). This book has received excellent reviews from the tech press and industry: "Chips and Change provides an excellent overview of the rapidly changing strategic environment in the semiconductor industry...The authors use eight technical and managerial crises going back to the mid-1980s to examine the industry from an economic perspective, helping readers understand how global competitive advantage can be won and lost."

This year Clair oversaw a project with co-PIs Julia Lane and Tim Sturgeon and research assistants Sean Tanner and Sarah Anders to study workers' perceptions of the impact of trade on domestic jobs, and to what extent their fear of job loss reflects their job characteristics, their career paths, and local labor market conditions. Currently Clair and Tim are working on their NSF-funded survey of U.S. companies that documents domestic jobs by business functions and location of activities domestically and globally in order to study the relationship between a firm's jobs, organization structure, and innovation.

LERA choose Clair as the recipient of their Lifetime Achievement Award in Jan 2011.


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

To see the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library's Year In Review report, please click here.


Labor Project for Working Families

To see the Labor Project for Working Families's Year In Review report, please click here.


Work & Health Initiative

Juliann Sum of the WHI, with editorial support from Steffi Kalmin of CPER, completed a handbook for small employers, Helping Injured Employees Return to Work: Practical Guidance Under Workers' Compensation and Disability Rights Laws in California, and an accompanying factsheet, Best Practices in Returning an Injured Employee to Work. The handbook and factsheet are geared particularly for small employers and can also be used by larger employers, employees, unions, and legal services programs. They address previous gaps in understanding how to navigate two set of laws that have competing and sometimes conflicting goals and requirements. Both materials are available online:

Other projects included the following:

  • Materials prepared for legal aid organizations on how to establish a program to serve low-wage workers with job injuries, through creation of legal clinics and collaboration with state Division of Workers' Compensation offices and local private attorneys. This project was conducted with Worksafe Law Center, which supports legal aid organizations throughout California.
  • Consultation and technical support to enable state Department of Industrial Relations offices to conduct a pilot project in Salinas to assist injured workers whose employers are illegally uninsured. The pilot was expanded during this fiscal year to include Anaheim.
  • Continuation of the Workers' Compensation Navigator program for labor and community-based organizations. A two-day training workshop was held in October 2009.