October 2013 (No. 67)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Katie Robertson, Myra Armstrong

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended:

IRLE Colloquium Series

Monday, October 7 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"The Euro Crisis and its Impact on National and European Social Policies"
Phillipe Pochet, European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)

Monday, , October 14 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"The Emergence of a Finance Culture in American Households, 1993-2007"
Neil Fligstein, Sociology, UC Berkeley

Monday, , October 21 Ι 12pm – 1pm
Nicole Maestas, Economics, Sociology and Statistics Research, RAND

Monday, , October 28 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"The Politics of Pensions"
Sarah Anzia, Goldman School of Public Policy, UC Berkeley

IRLE News and Events
IRLE Colloquium Series
Recent Working Papers
“Big Ideas for Jobs” Project Continues to Grow
Carol Zabin Receives Honor from the BlueGreen Alliance Foundation

IRLE Programs
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events

 

IRLE News and Events


IRLE Colloquium Series

All events are held in the Large Conference Room at 2521 Channing Way. A light lunch will be served.

To attend an event: Please RSVP to Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

Phillipe Pochet

Monday, October 7, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"The Euro Crisis and its impact on national and European social policies"
Phillipe Pochet, European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)

Abstract
We begin by describing three different models of economic and monetary union and the different policy dynamics underlying them. These dynamics influence the architecture of monetary union which has a huge impact on national industrial relations and welfare state policies. Our hypothesis is that, in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008, and subsequently of the ‘euro crisis’, and also due to the fact that the vast majority of governments in the EU responsible for handling this crisis were centre/right-wing, one model of economic and monetary union has been converted into another. What we describe is a series of political choices, circumstances and windows of opportunity that have enabled this particular vision of the model of monetary union to gain acceptance. In the context of this model, political union is not considered an accessible way to manage the crisis, for the rescue of the euro is regarded as feasible only in a more competitive economy. The social dimension, accordingly, becomes the adjustment variable. In this regard, the statements made by the President of the European Central Bank announcing the death of the European Social Model, are merely the anticipation of a reality that is the outcome of a political choice, based on a set of economic prescriptions and which takes for granted the impossibility of attaining true political union.

Neil Fligstein

Monday, October 14, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"The Emergence of a Finance Culture in American Households, 1993-2007"
Neil Fligstein, Soiolcogy, UC Berkeley

 

Nicole Maestas

Monday, October 21, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
Title to be Announced
Nicole Maestas, Economics, Sociology and Statistics Research, RAND

 

Sarah Anzia

Monday, October 28, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"The Politics of Pensions"
Sarah Anzia, Goldman School of Public Policy, UC Berkeley

Abstract
The recent economic downturn exposed a crisis in public pensions in the United States.  For decades, government officials have promised increasingly generous pension benefits to public employees and yet have consistently failed to make the contributions necessary to fund those promises.  In this paper, we examine the politics of public pensions using a new dataset of state legislators’ votes on hundreds of pension bills passed between 1999 and 2011. While it is reasonable to expect that Democrats vote for enhanced pension benefits, we argue that Republicans have historically had little incentive to oppose them   and actually good reasons to go along with them: the bill for enhanced benefits doesn’t come due for a long time; pensions are hard for voters to monitor; and until very recently, pressure by public sector unions to expand benefits was not counterbalanced by interest groups on the other side.  In our empirical analysis, we document a striking over-time pattern in the types of pension bills passed by state legislatures:  a decade of benefit expansion nationwide was followed by a sharp shift to retrenchment starting in 2009.  We also find that from 1999 to 2008, Democrats and Republicans were voting together.  Only with the Great Recession, when the pension problem aroused the attention of voters and ignited the opposition of interest groups, did Republicans regularly vote against the Democrats. Thus, while today’s partisan rhetoric on public pensions would suggest that Democrats are responsible for creating the crisis, our analysis shows otherwise.  In normal times, the politics of public pensions is bipartisan.

 


Recent Working Papers

Working papers may be downloaded from the IRLE Web or the eScholarship Repository at the following addresses:
http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/workingpapers
http://escholarship.org/uc/iir

  • Heather Havemen and Christopher I. Rider
    “Place and Space: The Development of Communication Systems and the Geography of Entrepreneurship”
  • Heather Haveman and Nan Jia
    “China’s Economic Transition and the Value of Firms’ Political Connections: A Longitudinal Study of Publicly Listed Firms”
  • Sylvia Allegretto, Arindrajit Dube, Michael Reich and Ben Zipperer
    “Credible Research Designs for Minimum Wage Studies”

 


“Big Ideas for Jobs” Project Continues to Grow

Big Ideas fo Jobs

While serving as Acting Director of IRLE, Professor Karen Chapple received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation to study the many ways in which new jobs can be created. The project generated a series of colloquia at IRLE at the outset, and later grew to encompass many other initiatives. The original findings conducted at IRLE were later presented in Washington, DC, and formed the nucleus of a new and robust Web site for the project. Many new papers are being added to the DC Web site, including an upcoming paper authored by the Labor Center’s Ken Jacobs.  Recent developments include:

  • Elaine L. Edgcomb and Tamra Thetford of FIELD at The Aspen Institute examine the growing role of microenterprise as a job development strategy and how state and local governments, among others, can support more microenterprise development.   
  • Carla Javits, president of The Roberts Enterprise Development Fund (REDF), explores a promising job creation approach known as employment social enterprises, which would create jobs with the explicit purpose of employing low-income people facing multiple barriers to employment. 
  • Sarah Treuhaft and Victor Rubin of PolicyLink explore the role that infusing economic inclusion into large-scale economic development and job creation at the national, state and regional policy levels can have on creating more job opportunities for at-risk communities. 

The original series and extensive links to publications may be found on the IRLE Web at:

http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/research/jobcreation/ideas.html

The Big Ideas for Jobs Project: 

http://www.bigideasforjobs.org/

 

IRLE Program News


The Labor Center

Carol Zabin will be honored at the BlueGreen Alliance Foundation’s “Right Stuff Awards Dinner” on October 17, 2013. The Right Stuff Awards Dinner honors government, business, environmental, labor and community leaders who exemplify the BlueGreen Alliance’s mission to promote a sustainable environment and economy. This year’s honorees are distinguished leaders who work to address the critical necessity of preparing our nation’s most basic infrastructure systems for the impacts of climate change. For more information visit http://irle.berkeley.edu/vial/news/zabin_blue_green_alliance.html.

PRESS

The Rock-Bottom Pay Mandated for Tipped Workers Like Servers in Restaurants Needs to Rise From $2.13 an Hour. San Diego Free Press, September 22, 2013
For Workers Leaving Their Jobs, Health Exchanges Offer Insurance Choices Beyond COBR Washington Post, September 16, 2013
The minimum-wage muddle Washington Post Opinions, September 11, 2013
Study Touts Timely Reporting of Income Changes Under ACA California Healthline, September 12, 2013
Los Angeles Black Worker Center to Hold First-Ever L.A. Workers Congress Before AFL-CIO 2013 Convention AFL-CIO NOW blog, September 4, 2013
Behind the Kitchen Door KQED Forum, September 3, 2013
Q&A: Restaurant Workers Movement is Just Beginning New America Media, September 2, 2013

 


California Public Employee Relations

CPER Pocket Guides The CPER Pocket Guide Series has proven to be very popular in the California public employment relations sector. We have done a second printing of Pocket Guide to the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act, after the first printing of several thousand copies sold out in the first three months!  Our Pocket Guide to the Public Safety Officers Bill of Rights Act continues to be our bestseller, particularly in this peace officer examination season.

Recent and Forthcoming Publications:

Pocket Guide to the Public Employees' Pension Reform Act (1st edition, 2013) by Kerianne Steele

Pocket Guide to the Ralph C. Dills Act (3rd edition, 2013) by Fred D’Orazio, Kristin Rosi, Howard Schwartz, and David Villalba.

Pocket Guide to Workplace Rights of Public Employees (3rd edition, 2013) by Bonnie G. Bogue, Carol Vendrillo and Liz Joffe, updated by Michael McGill

Pocket Guide to Due Process in Public Employment (3rd edition, 2013) by Emi Uyehara, updated by Margot Rosenberg and Kate Hallward

Coming soon...

Pocket Guide to Factfinding (1st edition, 2013 NEW TITLE) by Carol Stevens

Pocket Guide to Unfair Practices: California Public Sector (3rd edition, 2013) by Carol Vendrillo and Eric Borgerson

Pocket Guide to Workers’ Compensation in California: Public and Private Sectors (2nd edition, 2013) by Juliann Sum, revised by John Holstedt.

All guides can be ordered at the CPER website, where tables of contents for all guides appear.

 


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

Marcy Whitebook, Director and Senior Researcher at the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, recently had two articles published on the status and plight of early childhood teachers. 

In Rights, Raises, and Respect for Early Childhood Teachers: A Four-Decade Perspective which appeared in the July/August edition of Exchange Magazine, Dr. Whitebook and co-author Rory Darrah, both of whom began their careers as teachers, reflect on the work of achieving rights, raises, and respect for early educators, which has been the organizing principle of their work lives for more than 40 years.

In Preschool Teaching at a Crossroads, published in the July issue of the Upjohn Institute's Employment Research newsletter, Dr. Whitebook discussed the policy struggles of seeking better pay and status for the early childhood workforce, and the continued consequences for maintaining the status quo.

Visit our website for research, reports, and recommendations related to the early childhood workforce.

 


Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics (CWED)

Arindrajit Dube Symposium Magazine published CWED Co-Chair Sylvia Allegretto’s article “Still Waiting for Change” that explains the various tip credit scenarios across the U.S. with the allowable sub-minimum or tipped wage received by tipped workers. Federally the minimum wage is $7.25 while the sub-minimum is just $2.13 and has been so for the last 22 years.

Although August 28 marked the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the setting of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech. Today, the goals of the march remain largely unfinished. Sylvia Allegretto and Steven Pitts contribute a paper titled “To Work with Dignity: The Unfinished March toward a Decent Minimum Wage” to the Economic Policy Institutes assessment of all the marches demands. The Allegretto-Pitts paper along with the other reports may be found here: http://www.epi.org/unfinished-march/ .

Sylvia Allegretto has been a frequent commentator regarding the fast food worker and other worker actions across the U.S. She has recently appeared on the new Al Jazeera Americas TV show Inside Story, NPRs Weekend Edition and Huffington Post Live. Recent press articles and blogs that have referred to her work include the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Washington Post, the Huffington Post and the Columbia Journalism Review.

 


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Open Access Policy:  Resources

UC Open Access

The University has recently announced a system-wide plan to promote open access to faculty research and publications. This effort will continue over time, since many members of the University community will need to learn more about open access and how it can have a positive impact. To facilitate that learning process, the University has launched the Reshaping Scholarly Communication website. Key documents on the site include:

Course Reserves Return for Fall 2013

Once again instructors from across campus are using the IRLE Library collection as a key resource for reserve reading. We anticipate as many as 40 titles being place on reserve by mid-term. This additional service compliments other resources such as e-reserves and two-hour loan periods at other campus branch libraries.

Library Blogs:  Current Information on Key Topics

The Library blogs on labor and employment news, labor and employment events and publications, and immigration studies. The Blogs see heavy traffic and are regularly updated. Blogs may be found (and subscribed to) from the following page, and are listed under “Other Research Guides:

http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/library/research.html#guides

New Publication

IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe has published the following article:  “Digital Publishing: The Next Library Skill.”  Online Searcher 37(5), September 25, 2013.

The article can be found online using EBSCO Host Academic Search Complete. Easy Access: go to the Library Home Page (lib.berkeley.edu) and select “E-Journal Titles, A-Z.” Search by journal title for the newest issue.

Intellectual Property Awareness Training Now Available Online

A new online primer on intellectual property protections has been developed by the UC Office of the President, and the course is aimed at researchers, inventors and authors.

The course, Intellectual Property Essentials for Academic Researchers, is intended to provide user-friendly and self-paced training on the four main types of protections for intellectual property (IP), including patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets. It discusses the types of inventions and other intellectual properties that are eligible for protection and how to obtain that protection.

IP plays a vital role in innovation and economic productivity. On average, four inventions each day result from UC research, ranging from the strawberries most Americans eat to the magnetic resonance imaging technology commonly used in the medical field. UC has received more U.S. patents than any other university, with 3,802 active patents protecting its inventions. While the IP course was developed to serve as a resource for UC students, faculty and staff, much of the information it contains is relevant to all inventors and content creators in academia and beyond.

The idea for the course originated with John Villasenor, professor of electrical engineering and public policy at UCLA and a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. Villasenor developed the course content and approached the OP offices of Research and Graduate Studies and Ethics, Compliance and Audit Services to make it freely available to UC campuses and other institutions of higher education nationwide.

To view the course or obtain a copy for any UC location or other non-commercial organization, go to the IP Awareness Training website or contact ip_awareness@ucop.edu.

 


CAMPUS EVENTS

Canadian Studies Program
October 17, 2013
12-1:30 pm
223 Moses Hall
“Failed Institutions and Meritocratic Ideology among Unemployed Autoworkers in the US and Canada”, Victor Tan Chen, UC Berkeley
http://events.berkeley.edu/index.php/calendar/sn/can.html?event_ID=69562&date=2013-10-17&filter=Target/Open%20To%20Audiences&filtersel=

Center for Chinese Studies
October 2, 2013
12:30-2pm
330 Blum Hall
Schumpeterian analysis of economic catch-up: knowledge, path-creation and the middle income trap, Keun Lee, Seoul National – Economics
http://events.berkeley.edu/index.php/calendar/sn/ieas.html?event_ID=69405&date=2013-10-02&filter=Secondary%20Event%20Type&filtersel=

Center for Info Technology Research in the Interest of Society
October 14, 2013
11am-12pm
Sutardja Dai Hall
310, Banatao Auditorium
How Can We Prevent Information Technology From Destroying the Middle Class, Jaron Lanier
http://citris-uc.org/events

Center for Latin American Studies
November 4, 2013
12pm
370 Dwinelle Hall
Bay Area Latin America Forum.
“The Economic Effects of Immigration and Immigration Reforms”
Giovanni Peri is a professor of Economics at UC Davis and an expert on the economics of migration.
http://clas.berkeley.edu/events/fall-2013/economic-effects-immigration-and-immigration-reforms

Center for Latino Policy Research
Speaker Series:
October 3, 2013
4-5:30pm
Shorb House Conference Room
2547 Channing Way
"The Urgent Need for Structural Environmental Models of HIV Risk and Prevention in Latino Communities: The Case of Latino Migrant Day Laborers", Kurt Organista, Professor, School of Social Welfare
http://issi.berkeley.edu/events_calendar

College of Letters & Science
October 7, 2013
4-5:30pm
Sutardja Dai Hall, Banatao Auditorium
Here Today, Majority Tomorrow:: Expanding Technological Inclusion
Panelist/Discussants: Jennifer Arguello, Executive Director, Latino2; Kimberly Bryant, Founder, Black Girls CODE; Kanyi Maqubela, Venture capitalist, Collaborative Fund; Vivek Wadhwa, Academic, researcher, writer and entrepreneur
Moderator: Mitchell Kapor, Co-Chair, Kapor Center for Social Impact
http://computerage-onthesamepage.berkeley.edu/events

Economics Department Seminars
https://www.econ.berkeley.edu/events/seminars

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
648 Evans Hall
Mondays
2-4pm

October 2, 2013
Note change in date and time
4-5:30pm
648 Evans Hall
"The Allocation of Talent and U.S. Economic Growth", Chad Jones, Stanford Business

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall
Thursdays
2-4pm

October 10, 2013
"How Students Learn about Payoffs to Alternative Majors?”, Xiaoyu Xia, University of California, Berkeley

Economics 295, Survey of Research in Economics
597 Evans Hall
Mondays
12-2pm

October 14, 2013
“Survey of Research: Labor” David Card; Enrico Moretti; Jesse Rothstein; Christopher Walters; Pat Kline
Center for Labor Economics, Labor Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall
Fridays
12-1pm

Labor Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall
Fridays
12-1pm

October 4, 2013
"Political Parties and Labor Market = Outcomes and Policies. Evidence from U.S. States.", Louis-Philippe Beland, University of Montreal

October 18, 2013
"Remittances and the Wage Impact of Immigration", Will Olney, Williams College

Development and Planning, Development Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall
Tuesdays
12:30-1:30pm

October 1, 2013
On Thin Ice: Risk and Relationships in the Sierra Leone Fishing Industry, Tarek Ghani, UC Berkeley (Haas)
October 8, 2013
Nice Work If You Can Get it: Local Economic Spillovers from Agricultural Shocks in Developing Countries, Jonathan Colmer, LSE

Geography Department
October 9, 2013
3:40 to 5:30 pm
575 McCone Hall
Towards a Civilization Worthy of the Name: The Living New Deal Reveals FDR's America,  Dr. Gray Brechin, The Living New Deal Project.
http://geography.berkeley.edu/events/

Haas School of Business
2013 Fraud & Misconduct Conference
A multi-disciplinary conference on Fraud and Misconduct
October 24-25, 2013
http://groups.haas.berkeley.edu/accounting/fraudconference/index.html

Management of Organizations (Haas School of Business)
Fall 2013 Seminar - PHDBA 259S-1
325 CheitHall
12:30-2:00pm

October 1, 2013
"Trust and Prosociality:  The Psychology of Human Cooperation.", Paul van Lange, VU University Amsterdam
http://mors.haas.berkeley.edu/seminars.asp

Sociology Colloquium Series
402 Barrows Hall, Blumer Room
2-3:330pm  [unless otherwise noted]
http://sociology.berkeley.edu/news-and-events

October 7, 2013
 “What's Teaching Really Like?", Sandra Smith, Irene Bloemraad and Tom Gold

October 14, 2013
"America's Decline" and "China's Rise" in Historical Perspective”, Ho-fung Hung

October 21, 2013
"Economic Categories in Neoliberal Society", Marion Fourcade