October 2012 (No. 60)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Dick Walker

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended:

IRLE Colloquium Series

Monday, October 8 | 12pm-1pm
Impacts of Unionization on Employment, Product Quality and Productivity
Aaron Sojourner, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota

Monday, October 15 | 12pm-1pm
Immigration and Redistributive Social Policy:  Disenfranchisement, Threat or Fractionalization?
Irene Bloemraad, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

Monday, October 22 | 12pm-1pm
Do Blacks Help Less?
Sandra Susan Smith, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley
Coauthor, Kara Alexis Young

Free Screening: “As Goes Janesville”

IRLE News and Events

IRLE Colloquium Series, Fall 2012
Upcoming Event: “What Future for Jobs and Manufacturing?”

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events


IRLE News and Events

IRLE Colloquium Series, Fall 2012

IRLE is pleased to announce the preliminary schedule for the Fall Colloquium Series. Series details are still being finalized and will be added to this page as they are received.

All events are located at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley, CA. A light lunch will be served.

To attend an event: Please RSVP to Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

Monday, October 8 | 12pm – 1pm
Impacts of Unionization on Employment, Product Quality and Productivity
Aaron Sojourner, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota

This paper studies the effects of unions in private-sector nursing homes on a broad range of labor, firm, and consumer outcomes. We link national data on nursing home characteristics from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to records on establishment-level unionization from federal labor agencies, and employ a regression discontinuity design to identify union effects by contrasting outcomes in nursing homes where unions closely won representation elections to outcomes in facilities where unions closely lost such elections. After showing that these two sets of homes are similar leading up to the election, we estimate union effects on staffing levels, care quality, and other outcomes. We find negative effects of unions on staffing levels and no decline in care quality, suggesting positive productivity effects. Consistent with these results, supplementary analysis shows significant increases in wages for some classes of nursing labor. Some evidence suggests that nursing homes in local product markets that were less competitive and had lower union density at the time of election experienced stronger union employment effects. We find no impact of unionization on facility survival. By combining credible identification of union effects, a comprehensive set of outcomes over time with measures of market-level characteristics, this study generates some of the best evidence available on many controversial questions in the economics of unions. Furthermore, it generates evidence from the service sector, which has grown in importance and where evidence on these questions has been thin.

Monday, October 15 | 12pm – 1pm
Immigration and Redistributive Social Policy:  Disenfranchisement, Threat or Fractionalization?
Irene Bloemraad, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

In this paper, we examine whether two seemingly separate phenomena-rising immigration and changing social redistribution-might be causally related.  We analyze empirical trends across U.S. states over time.  Do states with more immigration provide fewer resources to low income residents than states with less immigration?  Have states that experienced larger increases in their immigrant population been more likely to cut or reduce social spending than states with smaller increases in the proportion of immigrants?  Our empirical results underscore the enduring significance of racial dynamics in understanding patterns of social spending in the United States. But they also reveal some surprising findings regarding the influence of immigration on redistribution.

Monday, October 22 | 12pm – 1pm
Do Blacks Help Less?
Sandra Susan Smith, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley
Coauthor, Kara Alexis Young

Monday, November 19 | 12pm – 1pm
Increases in Earnings Dispersion Across Establishments and Individuals in the U.S.
Richard Freeman, Economics, Harvard University


Free Screening:  “As Goes Janesville” - October 10, 2012

There will be a free screening of this new film at the Rialto Elmwood Cinemas on Wednesday, October 10, 2012. The screening will be followed by a panel discussion featuring Katie Quan (The Labor Center), Mark McCleod, Executive Director of the Sustainable Business Alliance, and Randy Silverman, an expert on the effects of taxes on small business.

The film “...reports from ground zero of America’s recession-ridden heartland–” and focuses on the tumultuous events in Wisconsin politics since Governor Scott Walker began his efforts to limit collective bargaining for state employees.

Rialto Cinemas
2966 College Avenue at Ashby, Berkeley
(510) 433-9730


Upcoming Event:  “What Future for Jobs and Manufacturing?”

IRLE is hosting an invitation-only conference that will focus on the many aspects of manufacturing employment both within the United States and abroad. The event is co-sponsored by the Global Metropolitan Studies Center. The program follows below.

NOTE:  Attendance is by invitation only, but the event will be recorded and made available in digital formats afterward. Contact Myra Armstrong, if you are interested in attending.

Conference Program

Morning Session: 9:30 – 11:30 am
The State of Manufacturing in the U.S. and Abroad
Chair: Michael Reich (UCB)
Panelists: Gerhard Bosch (IAQ-Germany), David Dornfeld (UCB), Rob Scott (EPI), Steve Vogel (UCB)

KEYNOTE SPEAKER: 12:15 – 12:45 pm — What Role for Manufacturing in Restoring Full Employment?
— Richard Freeman (Harvard)

Early Afternoon Session: 1:00 – 3:00 pm
Manufacturing, Services and Job Creation
Chair: Ashok Bardhan (UCB)
Panelists: Gordon Hanson (UCSD), Harry Holzer (Georgetown), Susan Houseman (Upjohn Institute), Enrico Moretti (UCB)

Late Afternoon Session: 3:30 – 5:30 pm
Innovation and Manufacturing
Chair: Clair Brown (UCB)
Panelists: Suzanne Berger (MIT), Fred Block (UCD), Stephen Ezell (ITIF), Tim Sturgeon (MIT)

Evening Session: 6:30 – 8:30 pm
What Hope for Industrial Policy?
Chair: Richard Walker (UCB)
Panelists: David Card (UCB), Ralph Gomory (Sloan Foundation), Thea Lee (AFL-CIO)



The Labor Center

New Reports

After Millions of Californians Gain Health Coverage under the Affordable Care Act, who will Remain Uninsured?
September 2012, by Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Miranda Dietz, Dave Graham-Squire, Nadereh Pourat, and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

This joint publication found, using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model, that the implementation of the ACA will greatly expand Californians’ access to affordable health insurance, primarily due to the expansion of Medi-Cal and the availability of subsidized coverage in the California Health Benefit Exchange. However, three to four million Californians could remain uninsured even after the law is fully implemented. The authors estimate the demographics, geographic distribution, eligibility for coverage, and applicability of the minimum coverage requirements of Californians under age 65 who are predicted to remain uninsured.

Envisioning Enhanced Roles for In-Home Supportive Services Workers in Care Coordination for Consumers with Chronic Conditions: A Concept Paper
September 2012, by Janet M. Coffman and Susan A. Chapman; a joint report from the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Center for Personal Assistance Services, UCSF, and the Center for Labor Research and Education, UC Berkeley.

This concept paper explores the feasibility of creating opportunities for In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) workers to provide enhanced care to the consumers they serve and earn higher wages. The authors provide an overview of the IHSS program, describe how expanding the role of IHSS workers in care coordination could benefit IHSS consumers with chronic conditions, and identify barriers and facilitators to implementing an expanded role for IHSS workers.

Temporary Workers in California are Twice as Likely as Non-Temps to Live in Poverty: Problems with Temporary and Subcontracted Work in California
August 2012, by Miranda Dietz.

This report found that in 2010, almost one-quarter of a million people worked in the temporary help services industry in California and another 37,000 people worked for employee leasing firms. Temporary workers face lower wages, fewer benefits, and less job security. Temporary and contingent work by its very definition is less secure than full-time direct hire work. This lack of stability has implications for workers’ wealth, health, and well-being. Temporary workers are not compensated for their willingness to accept less reliable work; instead they tend to face lower wages than their non-temp counterparts. Controlling for the type of occupation as well as personal characteristics of workers such as age, education, race, sex, and English proficiency, temps make about 18 percent less per hour than their non-temp counterparts. The wage differential is even larger for blue-collar workers. Lower wages mean that contingent workers rely more on the state safety net. Temps in California were twice as likely as non-temps to live in poverty, receive food stamps, and be on Medicaid.

Estimating the Change in Coverage in California with a Basic Health Program: A memorandum prepared at the request of the California Health Benefit Exchange
August 2012, a joint report by the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Using the CalSIM model, the authors estimated the impact that a Basic Health Program (proposed under SB 703) would have on overall coverage in California, on the risk mix in the overall Exchange/Individual Market, on the size of the Exchange, and on the Exchange’s bargaining power in the individual market.

Minimizing Families’ Health Care Subsidy Repayments Due to Income Volatility
August 2012, by Ken Jacobs, Dave Graham-Squire, Elsie Gould and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, and the Economic Policy Institute.

Using the CalSIM model to adjust data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to reflect California’s population, the authors’ initial analysis found that significant income volatility and churning are expected in the subsidized Exchange, Californians’ repayments owed at tax time will be appreciable if subsidies are not adjusted as income changes, and reporting income changes and adjusting subsidies could significantly reduce repayments.

Monthly Black Worker Report
Steven Pitts continues to produce his monthly Data Brief: Black Employment and Unemployment.

Past Events

C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School
The C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School concluded on August 18 and was co-sponsored by the Alameda Labor Council. Over the course of eight sessions, participants developed skills in a variety of areas including campaign planning, member mobilization, and building strategic partnerships.


Health Care:
Millions of Californians May Still Be Uninsured in 2019, Capital Public Radio, September 20, 2012
Enter, stage left, the Health Benefit Exchange, Capitol Weekly, September 4, 2012

Retirement Security:
Ken Jacobs: Private-sector workers deserve a secure pension program, too, Op-ed: San Jose Mercury News, September 25, 2012
California Takes on the Retirement Crisis, The New York Times, September 22, 2012
Legislature Passes Bill Setting Up State-Run Retirement Program, California Healthline, September 10, 2012
California's clever opt-out retirement idea, Reuters, August 31, 2012

Black Workers:
Blacks Only Racial Group Not to See Jobless Rate Fall in August, National Journal: The Next America, September 10, 2012
Walmart And Under-Employment, The Seattle Medium, August 8, 2012
Economy Continues Sluggish Recovery But Not For Blacks, The Seattle Medium, August 8, 2012

Contingent Workers:
Roundup: Contingent Labor News, Blog of Academe: Magazine of the AAUP, September 5, 2012
Temp Workers More Likely to Be Poor, NBC Bay Area, August 30, 2012
JOBS: Temp workers tend to be poor ones, Press Enterprise, August 29, 2012
New Study Says California Temp Workers More Likely To Be Poor, Valley Public Radio, August 29, 2012
California Prepares for Changing Demands on Its Workforce, Yahoo! News, August 29, 2012
Study: Temps More Likely To Be Poor In California, Capital Public Radio, August 28, 2012
California temp workers are twice as likely to be poor, study says, Los Angeles Times, August 28, 2012
Number of temp workers in California on the rise, San Jose Mercury News, August 28, 2012
Temporary employees earn less, Philadelphia Inquirer, August 28, 2012

Other News

Carol Zabin was recently appointed to the state Workforce Investment Board where she will participate in decisions about statewide workforce policy and investment. She has been named the head of the Green Collar Jobs Council, an arm of the WIB tasked with assessing and planning for the workforce needs of the clean/green economy in California.


California Public Employee Relations

CPER Online Journal

Along with recent developments in public sector labor relations, the September 2012 issue (No. 207) of CPER Journal includes a feature article on the trend toward college administrations placing unconstitutional restrictions on employee and student speech. The title: “Zoned Out – The Peculiar Assault on Free Speech by California Community Colleges.” A second article follows a discussion by three arbitrators over the effects of newly passed legislation, AB 646. The bill requires parties governed by the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (MMBA) (local government and special districts) to use factfinding to resolve bargaining impasses if requested by the employee organization.

Next up, CPER Journal’s December issue (No. 208) will feature an article on changes to the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) that affect retired veterans. Also, using several years of data on unemployment and layoffs since the “great recession,” IRLE’s Sylvia Allegretto is writing about the huge negative impact of public sector layoffs on the economy, especially in California.

To subscribe to CPER’s quarterly journal or see a sample issue, go to http://cper.berkeley.edu.


CPER Pocket Guide Series

Coming soon
Pocket Guide to the Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights Act (2nd edition, 2012) by J. Scott Tiedemann, managing partner, Liebert Cassidy Whitmore

Recently published
Pocket Guide to Public Sector Mediation in California (1st edition, 2012) by Gerald Fecher, mediator, California State Mediation and Conciliation Service (SMCS)

Mediation continues to be a successful method for resolving labor disputes for public sector employees in California. This pocket guide discusses the various aspects of the mediation process as it applies to public agencies and employees throughout the state. The process differs among public employees depending on the governing statute. The guide outlines those differences and explains how the process typically works.

Written for both the beginning practitioner and the seasoned professional, the guide covers the types of mediation and how they operate under the different statutes, levels of involvement, and the importance of confidentiality. It includes the relevant statutory language of each act, cases, selected references, and a glossary of terms.

All guides can be ordered at the CPER website, http://cper.berkeley.edu, where tables of contents for all guides appear.


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

For a full list of events, see the CSCCE Web site at http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cscce


Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics

For a full list of events, see the CWED Web site at http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cwed

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

The University Library Sponsors Panel on Open Access and Scholarly Communications

“Open Access at UC: Maximizing the Reach, Visibility & Impact of Your Research”
A Faculty Conversation on Scholarly Communication with Richard Schneider, UCSF
Introduced and moderated by Molly Van Houweling, Professor of Law, UC Berkeley

Tuesday, October 23
Education/Psychology Library, Tolman Hall

In May of this year, UCSF became the first UC campus to implement an open access policy. Under this new policy, electronic versions of all scientific articles authored by UCSF faculty are now to be made freely available to the public via eScholarship, an open access repository. The vote by the UCSF faculty senate was unanimous, making UCSF the largest scientific institution and the first public university to adopt an open access policy.

Please join us for a conversation with Richard Schneider who led the effort to pass and implement this landmark policy; find out how you can empower viable alternatives to the present system of scholarly communication, regain control over your publications, and increase the reach, visibility, and impact of your research.

Richard Schneider is an Associate Professor at UCSF and has chaired both the UCSF and UC Systemwide library committees of the Academic Senate.
Molly Van Houweling has been involved in open access issues as a member of Senate Library Committee and as a staff and board member of Creative Commons, a non-profit organization that facilitates sharing of knowledge and cultural resources through open licensing.

Faculty, students, researchers, and members of the public are invited to attend.
Sponsored by the the UC Berkeley Library.


Online Citation Management Programs Help Organize References and Resources

It can be a lot of work to manage large sets of citations, links to the full text of articles, and other important resources. Although EndNote has been popular for a long time as an aid, there are three newer services that can help scholars manage their supporting materials. Each has gained functionality and popularity over the past year. These are RefWorks, Mendeley and Zotero and a brief description of each follows below.

RefWorks.  RefWorks has been is a service brought to you by the California Digital Library, and is also available on the open Web. It allows authors to gather citations from diverse locations and manage them over time, and also is very effective at keeping groups of articles in an orderly manner. There are many easy- to-follow tutorials included in the service. 

More information:  http://www.refworks.com/

Mendeley.  Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest relevant research. Among other things, it can automatically generate bibliographies, import papers from other research software, and find articles based on what you are currently reading. It also has created a new iPhone app for mobile use.

More Information:  http://www.mendeley.com/

Zotero.  Zotero is a project of the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media, and is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Institute of Museum and Library Services, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Zotero collects research in a single, searchable interface. It accepts PDFs, images, audio and video files, snapshots of web pages, and “really anything else.” Zotero automatically indexes the full-text content of your library, enabling you to find exactly what you're looking for with just a few keystrokes.

More Information:  http://www.zotero.org


IRLE Affiliated Students Begin Using IMPLAN in the Library

Professor Karen Chapple has introduced some of her students to this database, which is made accessible in the Library under special circumstances to UC students. IMPLAN’s designers describe the program as a resource “to help analysts address questions about economic study and analysis,” such as:

How does the local economy function?

What would the economic consequences of this project be?

What would the effect of this company/base closure be?

The program enables researchers to construct social accounts that describe the structure and function of a specific economy. It creates a localized model to investigate the consequences of projected economic transactions in a given geographic region.

Access:  This database is restricted to pre-qualified students under faculty supervision.


IRLE on Facebook & Twitter

Janice Kimball is building out IRLE’s Facebook page, along with the Library’s own Facebook page and Twitter account. She broadcasts news of IRLE events such as lectures and recent publications.  Follow

IRLE on Facebook:  http://www.facebook.com/CALIRLE#!/pages/Institute-for-Research-on-Labor-Employment-UC-Berkeley/228145170568689?sk=info

IRLE Library on Facebook:   http://www.facebook.com/CALIRLE#!/CALIRLE/info

IRLE Library on Twitter:  http://twitter.com/IRLELibrary  


Labor Project for Working Families

LPWF Celebrates 20th Anniversary

The Labor Project for Working Families is celebrating two milestones...our 20th anniversary as an organization and the 10th anniversary of our success in passing California’s landmark Paid Family Leave law – the first of its kind in the nation. With your enduring support and contributions, we have grown our involvement in numerous projects that help working families. See our Year in Review (link) with highlights of the past 20 years. We have an online labor education and resource network; chair and coordinate a pioneering statewide labor-community coalition; increase labor’s voice in local, state, and national efforts to advance family-friendly workplace policies; and work with national advocacy groups and thought leaders on long-term sustainable policies that build the 21st century workplace. Download “Celebrating 20 Years” to view a more detailed look at our work and our achievements.

Ten-Years of Paid Family Leave

In 2002, California became the first state in the nation to adopt paid family leave legislation. A new study strongly concludes, “Paid family leave is beneficial for families, workers and businesses.” The law filled a crucial gap in federal leave legislation by offering income when a worker has to take time off for a new child or to care for a seriously ill family member.  This new report reviews recent research on the health and economic benefits of Paid Family Leave and the positive effect on business. Download “Ten-Years of the California Paid Family Leave Program: Strengthening Commitment to Work, Affirming Commitment to Family, by Cassandra Engeman, Department of Sociology, Center for Study of Work, Labor and Democracy, UC Santa Barbara, for a detailed look at the law’s benefits.

In the News

Visit our Press Room to read our blogs and listen to our podcasts.



Canadian Studies Program (CAN)
Moses Hall, 223, IIS Conference Room
3-5:30 p.m.
October 18, 2012
The Best and the Brightest: Canadian Lessons on Attracting and Retaining Immigrant Talent in a Globalized World.
Irene Bloemraad


Center for Latino Policy Research

Colloquia Speaker Series
Shorb House Conference Room, 2547 Channing Way
October 11, 2012
Cohort Effects and Attitudes Towards Immigration.
Marisa Abrajano, Political Science, UC San Deigo

Data Resources @ Berkeley Seminar Series   
Wildavsky Conference Room, ISSI, 2538 Channing Way
October 22, 2012
California Census Research Data Center (CCRDC)
Jon Stiles, Executive Director of the California Census Research Center and Director of Archive Services at the UC DATA Archive, UC Berkeley


Economics Department

Economics 211, Economic History Seminar
597 Evans Hall

October 22, 2012
"Fiscal Policy and Economic Recovery: The Case of the 1936 Veterans' Bonus"
Joshua Hausman, University of California, Berkeley

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

October 9, 2012
"Diversity in Schools and the Shaping of Social Preferences"
Gautam Rao, UC Berkeley

Economics 221, Industrial Organization Seminar
597 Evans Hall

October 30, 2012
“Good Firms, Worker Flows and Productivity”
Michel Serafinelli, Department of Economics, UC Berkeley

Econ 222/PHDBA 279I-1 Economics of Innovation
330 Blum Hall

October 3, 2012
“Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures and Innovation Rates of U.S. Firms”
Bill Kerr, Harvard Business School

Economics 225, Oliver E. Williamson Seminar on Institutional Analysis
C325 Cheit Hall

October 4, 2012
"A Theory of Political and Economic Cycles"
Pierre Yared, Columbia University

October 11, 2012
"Incentive Thresholds, Performance, and Risk-Taking"
Orie Shelef, Berkeley-Haas

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
648 Evans Hall

October 1, 2012
Joint Lunch Seminar with Labor 12-2pm
"The Housing Market in 2007-2011: Do Homeowners Have the Equity it Takes to Move?", Issi Romem, UC Berkeley
“Tax Cuts for Whom? Heterogeneous Effects of Income Tax Changes on Growth and Employment",
 Owen Zidar, UC Berkeley

October 8, 2012
"The Welfare Effects of Social Security in a Model with Aggregate and Idiosyncratic Risk"
Alex Ludwig, University of Cologne

Octoer 24, 2012 (note time in date and time, Department Joint Seminar
“Health Benefits of the Non-Health Safety Net”
Hilary Hoynes, UC Davis

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

October 4, 2012
"Buying Loyalty: Theory and Evidence from Physicians"
Kurt Lavetti, University of California, Berkeley

October 11, 2012
"The Effects of Proposition 209 on College Enrollment and Graduation Rates in California"
V. Joseph Hotz, Duke University

Economics 271, Planning and Development Seminar
648 Evans Hall

October 1, 2012
"Informal Labor and the Cost of Social Programs: Evidence from 15 years of Unemployment Insurance in Brazil"
François Gerard, University of California, Berkeley
Economics 281, International Trade and Finance Seminar
597 Evans Hall


Institute of East Asian Studies

2223 Fulton, 6th Floor
Conference Room
12:30-2 p.m.
October 24, 2012
The New Politics of Thailand's Middle-Income Peasants
Andrew Walker, Australian National University