October 2010 (No. 45)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Dick Walker

 

Especially Recommended
Monday, October 11 –Speaker: Jesse Rothstein, Professor of Public Policy and Economics
Title: The Labor Market in the Great Recession: The View from Washington

IRLE News & Events
Fall 2010 Colloquium Series
Professor Emmanuel Saez is Named a MacArthur Foundation 2010 Fellow
Professor Daniel M. Kammen is Appointed to World Bank Renewable Energy Post
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Volume 49, No. 2

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus Events
Center for Chinese Studies
Center for Korean Studies
Center for the Study of Social Change Speaker Series
Demography Department
Economics Department

 

 

IRLE NEWS & EVENTS

IRLE Fall Colloquium Series

IRLE is pleased to announce its full Colloquium Series for Fall 2010. Further information, papers and speaker information will appear on the IRLE Web as we receive them.

Time and Location:
12 P.M. –1 P.M.
Large Conference Room –2521 Channing Way
Refreshments ~ R.S.V.P. Myra Armstrong

Additional information: http://www.irle.berkeley.edu

Monday, September 27 –Speaker: Sylvia Allegretto, Research Economist, IRLE
Title: Job Losses and Economic Consequences of the Great Recession

Monday, October 11 –Speaker: Jesse Rothstein, Professor of Public Policy and Economics
Title: The Labor Market in the Great Recession: The View from Washington

Monday, October 18 –Speaker: Achim Schmillen, Visiting Scholar, Institute for Employment Research, Germany
Title: Determinants of Lifetime Unemployment

Monday, October 25 –Speaker: David Levine, Professor, Haas School of Business
Title: What does Cal-OSHA do? Evidence from randomized inspections (with Michael Toffel)

Monday, November 8 –Speaker: Ken Jacobs, Chair, Center for Labor, Research and Education
Title: To Be Announced

Monday, November 15 –Speaker: Joanna Robinson, Visiting Scholar, Sociology, University of British Columbia, Canada
Title: Mobilizing Against Water Privatization: Labor-Environmental Coalitions in the United States and Canada

Monday, November 29 –Speaker: Nicole Johnson, Professor, Haas School of Business
Title: To Be Announced

 

Professor Emmanuel Saez is Named a MacArthur Foundation 2010 Fellow

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has announced its 2010 fellows.  Emmanuel Saez (Economics) is among the fellows this year.  IRLE congratulates Professor Saez on this noteworthy achievement. His recent research draws on quantitative analyses, behavioral experiments, and theoretical insights to enhance our understanding of the relationship between income and tax policy. IRLE extends its congratulations to Prof. Saez.

The New York Times Announcement:
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/28/arts/28macarthur.html?_r=1&hpw

The MacArthur Foundation Announcement:
http://www.macfound.org

 


Professor Daniel M. Kammen is Appointed to World Bank Renewable Energy Post

The World Bank has appointed Professor of Energy Daniel M. Kammen as Chief Technical Specialist for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency. This is a new position created to provide strategic leadership on the policy, technical, and operational fronts. The aim is to enhance the operational impact of the Bank's renewable energy and energy efficiency activities while expanding the institution's role as an enabler of global dialogue on moving energy development to a cleaner and more sustainable pathway.

The appointment comes amid unprecedented demand from developing countries for World Bank support in their efforts to address development and climate change as interlinked challenges. This includes responding to the challenges in providing energy services to the one-and-a-half billion people who remain without access to clean, reliable, and affordable modern energy services.

Further Information: http://web.worldbank.org

 


Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society: Volume 49, No. 4

The following articles appear in Volume 49, No. 4. Full text is available via Wiley Online Library:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1468-232X

 

Innovative Work Practices, Information Technologies and Working Conditions: Evidence for France.

Authors: Philippe Askenazy and Eve Caroli

Abstract:
We investigate the impact of new work practices and information and communication technologies (ICT) on working conditions in France. We use a unique French dataset providing information on individual workers for the year 1998. New work practices include the use of quality norms, job rotation, collective discussions on work organization and work time flexibility. Working conditions are captured by occupational injuries as well as indicators of mental strain. We find that individuals working under the new practices face greater mental strain than individuals who do not. They also face a higher probability of work injuries, at least for benign ones. In contrast, our results suggest that ICT contribute to make the workplace more cooperative and to reduce occupational risks and injuries.

 

The Impact of Wage Bargaining Regime on Firm-Level Competitiveness and Wage Inequality: The Case of Ireland

Authors: Seamus McGuinness, Elish Kelly and Philip J. O’Connell

Abstract:
This paper uses a linked employer-employee dataset to analyse the impact of institutional wage bargaining regimes on average labour costs and within-firm wage dispersion in private sector companies in Ireland. The results show that while centralised bargaining reduced labour costs within both the indigenous and foreign-owned sectors, the relative advantage was greater among foreign-owned firms. The analysis suggests that there are potentially large competitiveness gains to multinational companies that locate in countries implementing a centralised bargaining system. Furthermore, the results provide additional support to the view that collective bargaining reduces within-firm wage inequality.

 

Just Tell Me! Making Alternative Dispute Resolution Fair

Authors: Donna Maria Blancero, Robert G. DelCampo and George F. Marron

Abstract:
This study investigates fairness perceptions of alternative dispute systems utilizing a policy capturing design and a sample of 450 non union, non management employees from seven organizations. The communication surrounding the decision, the level of employee input, and the composition of the grievance panel had larger effects on overall fairness perceptions than did outcome. Unfavorable outcomes that were reached by fair processes generate higher distributive justice ratings than favorable outcomes reached by unfair processes.

 

Works Councils and Separations: Voice, Monopoly, and Insurance Effects

Authors: Boris Hirsch, Thorsten Schank, and Claus Schnabel

Abstract:
Using a large linked employer–employee data set for Germany, we find that the existence of a works council is associated with a lower separation rate to employment, in particular for workers with low tenure. While works council monopoly effects show up in all specifications, clear voice effects are only visible for low tenured workers. Works councils also reduce separations to non-employment, and this impact is more pronounced for men. Insurance effects only show up for workers with tenure of more than two years. Our results indicate that works councils to some extent represent the interests of a specific clientele.

 

When is Employee Retaliation Acceptable at Work? Evidence from Quasi-Experiments

Authors: Gary Charness and David I. Levine

Abstract:
When is employee retaliation acceptable in the workplace? We use a quasi-experimental design to study the acceptability of several forms of retaliatory behavior at work, gathering data in this untested area. Consistent with hypotheses from theories of fairness, we find that employee retaliation in the workplace is perceived to be more acceptable if it is an act of omission instead of an act of commission. We do not find that a more damaging retaliatory act is significantly less acceptable than a less damaging one, suggesting a qualitative rather than a quantitative relationship. We also find individual differences: Respondents who are older, female, politically conservative, and managers typically show less tolerance for retaliation, while union members are a bit more accepting than average.

 

Training and Promotion: Allocation of Skills or Incentives?

Author: Eduardo Melero

Abstract:
This paper analyses the impact of training on the probability of promotion. Results from the British Household Panel Survey indicate that training increases the probability of promotion of female workers, but not that of male workers. In terms of wages, men obtain significant returns from (general and specific) training acquired with their current employer, while women profit from general training. Overall, results suggest that careers moves of women are importantly affected by the market value of their skills, while those of men fit better a model of promotions as providers of incentives.

 

The Interactive Effects of Labor-Led Political Mobilization and Vote Propensity on Turnout: Evidence from Five Elections

Author: J. Ryan Lamare

Abstract:
The concept of unions as political mobilization groups is not well documented relative to the general determinants of voting behavior and labor’s traditional political roles. Specifically, scholars have yet to study the interaction between individual’s propensities to vote and labor-led mobilization. Does labor have a stronger influence on frequent, occasional, or non-voters? Using data totaling 188,551 individuals in Los Angeles over five elections, this paper empirically studies the interaction between vote propensity and mobilization, finding that occasional voters are generally most receptive to labor’s efforts, particularly amongst Latinos, and that personal visits and phone calls are successful for occasional voters.

 

 

IRLE PROGRAM NEWS


The Labor Center

Upcoming Workshops

Online Media Workshop will be held October 21-22.
Lead instructor:  Allen Gunn.
Deadline to register October 4, 2010

Learn how to use online tools to organize workers and community members, and garner media attention. This two-day workshop will cover best practices for traditional online tools such as email alerts, websites and online newsletters, and will also introduce emerging online tools and tactics such as blogging, podcasting and social Networking, among others.

What EVERY Union Needs to Know about the New Federal Health Law
The workshops will take place in Modesto and Oakland in November, specific dates to be announced. These workshops are suitable for union negotiators, leaders and Taft-Hartley trustees. Topics include: detailing the new health care law and regulations, new health plan standards, how grandfathered plans are defined, new employer responsibilities and opportunities, new subsidies and Medi-Cal expansion, state health policy updates, and what the law will mean for union negotiators.

Strategic Campaigns will take place November 15-19.
Lead instructor:  Karen Orlando
Deadline to register is October 25, 2010

A five-day intensive for organizers, researchers, field reps and business agents, member leaders, communications specialists and political coordinators in unions and community-based organizations that are embarking on, or in the midst of, strategic campaigns.

Asilomar Forum will take place December 9-11.
Lead instructors:  Jim Philliou, Katie Quan and Karen Orlando.
For senior organizing directors.

California Labor Leadership Institute will take place January 6-9, 2011.
Lead instructors:  Katie Quan and Steven Pitts.
For chief officers of local and regional unions.

Publications

"Stop blaming public employees for the state's rickety finances"
Sacramento Bee op-ed by Ken Jacobs and Stefanie Kalmin
Sacramento Bee, September 4, 2010

Katie Quan. "The China Watch," (book review of New Masters, New Servants: Migration, Development, and

Women Workers in China, By Yan Hairong). New Labor Forum, Volume 19, Number 3, Fall 2010, 93-95.

New Grants

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Principal Investigator: Ken Jacobs.
Maximizing Health Care Enrollment through Seamless Coverage for Families in Transition

The Labor Center is partnering with the UC Berkeley Center on Health, Economic and Family Security (CHEFS) and the Health Access Foundation to develop strategies to promote seamless coverage through the major life transitions most likely to lead to bouts of uninsurance for those with job-based health coverage; bring together a broad range of stakeholders to build a constituency for implementing these strategies, using California as a model; and provide federal and state policy makers with the analytic resources needed to develop and implement the policies.  We anticipate that additional funding for this project will be provided by The California Endowment.

Mitchell Kapor Foundation. Project Director is Lisa Hoyos.
Pathways to Quality Green Jobs for Local Communities: Technical Assistance and Networking Support for Mitchell Kapor Grantees

The main focus of this project is to foster links between the labor movement in the Bay Area and Mitchell Kapor environmental justice grantee organizations, to support them in finding common ground on development of and access to high-quality "green jobs."

 


California Public Employee Relations

CPER Issue No. 201 (November 2010) will soon go to press.  Attorneys Peter Brown and Connie Almond, of the law firm Liebert Cassidy Whitmore, are examining the case of Wilkerson v. Shinseki. In Wilkerson the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that despite an employee's disability, an employer could lawfully transfer the employee after he failed an annual fitness for duty examination. Mandated annual examinations generally violate disability discrimination laws, but the EEOC states that an employer can require an employee to submit to an annual fitness for duty examination if the employee is in a position affecting public safety and the exam is narrowly tailored to address specific job-related concerns. This article will address when annual examinations are allowed under the EEOC's guidelines, when fitness for duty examinations are otherwise allowed, and how these exams co-exist with disability discrimination laws.

Also in this issue of CPER, Priscilla Winslow, chief legal counsel for the California Teachers Association, has written an article on free speech rights of public employees.

On October 12, in Sacramento, CPER and the Labor and Employment Law Section of the State Bar are cosponsoring "The Basics of Practicing Before PERB." This half-day seminar on the Public Employment Relations Board will cover how to draft and respond to unfair practice charges, what to expect at a formal PERB hearing, and tips on appeals to the Board. The seminar will feature two panels of highly experienced PERB practitioners representing both unions and management, along with PERB staff. Panelists will also cover common legal issues and hurdles that arise in PERB practice and provide practical advice. One of the panels is being moderated by CPER Director Carol Vendrillo.       

Anyone who practices before PERB, both attorneys and non-attorneys, will benefit from attending this seminar, which has sold out in past years.  All attendees will receive a copy of CPER’s Pocket Guide to Unfair Practices: California Public Sector. For more information, go to http://laborlaw.calbar.ca.gov/.

 


California Studies Center

California Studies Dinner
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
Speaker: Dr. John Douglass, Senior Research Fellow, Center for the Study of Higher Education, UC Berkeley (details to be announced)

Make reservations by calling Delores Dillard at 510-642-3903, or by emailing Delores Dillard at deloresd@berkeley.edu.
Refreshments: Dinners are free, but we ask for a small donation for those partaking of wine and beverages

 


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

CSCCE is pleased to announce the launch of our new website, www.irle.berkeley.edu/cscce. We have made a number of key improvements to our site, focusing on how to make the site easier for advocates, policymakers, educators, and researchers to obtain the information they need about the early care and education workforce.

With the launch of our site, we are also releasing the findings from two studies recently completed: Learning Together: A Study of Six B.A. Completion Cohort Programs in Early Care and Education (Year 2) which focuses on our second year of research into four counties' efforts to expand bachelor's degree opportunities in early care and education (ECE) for working adults; and Beyond Centers and Homes: The Workforce in Three California Early Childhood Infrastructure Organizations which examined the career backgrounds and professional development needs of those working in child care resource and referral programs, local First 5 commissions, and as child care coordinators across the state.

CSCCE is also proud to welcome Lea Austin to the team. Lea has extensive experience in the areas of workforce development, early childhood leadership competencies and curricula, and public policy and administration.

 


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

The University Library Adds Interactive Tutorials

The University Library has been developing some very brief but useful online tutorials to help researchers make the most of the online resources available to them. Better yet, The Teaching Library recently obtained and revised a tutorial call "Library Workshop, Research 101," from UC Irvine's library system. This tutorial walks the researcher step by step through the process of using online systems to retrieve the full text of articles–and covers a host of useful tools along the way. Several other tutorials may be of interest to IRLE community members; they are listed below.

URL for Tutorials Listing: http://lib.berkeley.edu/Help/tutorials.php

Library Workshop: Research 101
This site will help you demystify the entire research process, from developing your topic to finding full-text articles online. It was gratefully adapted for use at UC Berkeley from the original created by the UC Irvine Libraries.

Full-text articles via UC-eLinks (4.5 min.)
Learn how to locate articles in full text from the library website.

Beyond Berkeley
Find items in other libraries using WorldCat (3 min.)
Is your item checked out? Search for it in another library using the WorldCat online catalog.

OskiCat Quick Guide (2 min.)
Find out about OskiCat, the new UCB catalog.

Evaluate full-text scholarly content online (5 min.)
Learn how to evaluate peer-reviewed sources.

Find Congressional research
Learn strategies in locating Congressional research.

Google Reader
Using Google Reader (3.5 min.)
Learn how to use Google Reader to organize and manage blog and other RSS feeds.

Web of Knowledge
Creating Citation Feeds & Alerts (3 min.)
Learn how to set up RSS feeds, email alerts, and search alerts in Web of Knowledge.

 


Labor Project for Working Families

Labor Project for Working Families receives grants for Paid Family Leave Guide:

The Labor Project will be partnering with the Center for Health, Economic and Family Security at UC Berkeley to develop a guide for other states on implementing Paid Family Leave programs. The Labor Project has received funding for this project from the Deptartment of Labor Women’s Bureau, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Rosenberg Foundation. The guide will be available at the end of the year 2010.

 


CAMPUS EVENTS


Center for Chinese Studies

October 18, 2010
110 Boalt Hall, School of Law
12:30-1:30pm
Changes in the World’s Workshop: How new laws, more demanding workers, and activist trade unions are transforming the Chinese workplace. Berkeley Center for Law, Business and Economy

October 18, 2010
3:30-6:pm
202 Dwinelle Hall
Bottom-Up Enforcement? Legal Mobilization as Law Enforcement in the PRC.
Mary Gallagher, University of Michigan

Center for Korean Studies
2223 Fulton Street, Sixth Floor

October 13, 2010
4:pm
The Flowers of Japanese-Korean Unity: the Female Labor Volunteer Corps, 1937-1945
Janice C. H. Kim, Associate Professor of History, York University

Center for the Study of Social Change Speaker Series

October 14, 2010
Thursday
4:pm-5:pm
Wildavsky Conference Room,
2538 Channing Way
War and Empire:The American Way of Life.
Paul Atwood, Senior Lecturer in American Studies and Senior Research Associate in the William Joiner Center for the Study of War and Social Consequences, University of Massachusetts

Demography Department

Brown Bag series
2232 Piedmont Avenue
12:10 to 1:00

October 6, 2010
The Impact of Income on Late-Life Health: Evidence from Union Army Pensions.
Shari Eli, Economics, UC Berkeley

October 13, 2010
Out of Jail and Off the Books: Employment, Wages, and Child Support Arrangements Among Former Inmates.
Bryan Sykes, Sociology, University of Washington-Seattle

Economics Department

Center for Labor Economics, Labor Lunch Series
608 -7 Evans Hall
12-1pm
Fridays

October 8, 2010
Military Labor Supply
Garret Christensen, UC Berkeley