November 2007 (24)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

IRLE News & Events
Ulman Symposium Generates Spirited Debate
IRLE Fall Colloquium Series: November Events
"What’s Going on in Detroit?" Presentation by Harley Shaiken

IRLE Program News

The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News & Events
Center for Japanese Studies
Center for Public Health Practice
Economics Department
Institute for the Study of Social Change


"New Labor Market Institutions and the Public Policy Response: A Symposium to Honor Lloyd Ulman"

On October 27, 2007, IRLE hosted a high-profile symposium in honor of Professor Lloyd Ulman Economics-Berkeley, Emeritus), which was held in the IRLE Library Commons. The event featured many of the leading academics in the fields of labor economics, industrial relations and related fields. It was especially noteworthy that many of these academics were former students of Lloyd’s as well as frequent collaborators.

Four panel presentations addressed key issues in the study of labor market institutions. The first analyzed political economy and labor market institutions, and was chaired by UC Berkeley Economics Professor Barry Eichengreen. The panel featured Sandy Jaocoby (UCLA, Anderson School of Business), Frank Levy (MIT), and David Soskice (Duke). Peter Rappaport of JP Morgan Chase was the discussant.

The second panel explored market behavior. It was chaired by James Peoples (Wisconsin-Milwaukee), and featured Clair Brown (Economics-Berkeley, and former IRLE Director), Paola Giuiano (Harvard), Yoshifumi Nakata (Doshisha University, Japan), and Paul Ryan (King’s College, University of London). Professor Ryan was unable to attend, but his paper was presented nonetheless. The discussant was David I. Levine (Haas School of Business).

Marlene Kim (Massachusetts-Boston), Robert Flanagan (Stanford), Theresa Ghirlarducci (Notre Dame), and Knut Gerlach (Leibniz University, Hannover) explored labor-management relations in the third panel. Harry Katz, Dean of the New York State School for Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University was the discussant.

The final presentation assessed the state of public policy with respect to labor market institutions. It was chaired by Barbara Bergamann (American University, Emerita), and included David Card (Economics-Berkeley), Steven Raphael (the Goldman School of Public Policy), and Michael Reich (Economics-Berkeley, and Director, IRLE). Bill Dickens (Maryland) was the discussant.

Discussion was spirited and incisive, providing the attendees with a well-rounded balance of recent scholarship. The papers will be published in due course, but are currently available on the IRLE Web site at

After a lively day of scholarship and debate, a gala dinner was held at the Alumni House. Less formal and more jovial, this event featured celebratory "roasts" of Professor Ulman, which were both eloquent and humorous. The overall experience of the conference confirmed the depth and breadth of Professor Ulman’s academic achievements, his influence on his peers, and his vision in cleaving to the highest intellectual standards. In addition, a good time was had by all!

IRLE Fall Colloquium Series: November Events

Monday, November 5, 2007 –12pm
"Searching for Working Class Politics: Labor, Community and Urban Power in Silicon Valley"
Nari Rhee, Postdoctoral Researcher, CLRE,UC Berkeley

Wednesday, November 14, 2007 –12pm
"Forecasting the Global Shortages of Physicians: An Economic and Needs-based Approach"
Richard M. Scheffler, Distinguished Professor of Health Economics and Public Policy, School of Public Health and the Goldman School of Public Policy, UC Berkeley

TO ATTEND PLEASE R.S.V.P. Myra Armstrong,

"What's Going on in Detroit?"
A breakdown of the UAW deals with GM and Chrysler, featuring UC Berkeley Labor Expert Harley Shaiken

Friday, November 9, 12 Noon - 1 PM
UC Berkeley Labor Center
2521 Channing Way (near Telegraph Ave.), Berkeley

After striking General Motors and Chrysler, the United Auto Workers has worked out agreements with those two automakers and is now in negotiations with Ford. Under the GM accord, the UAW won an impressive moratorium on plant closings and outsourcing, but it also agreed to take over retiree health benefits through a voluntary employee beneficiary association, or VEBA. Meanwhile, the Chrysler deal was just approved, but faced some opposition from rank-and-file workers. What is a VEBA? What do these deals mean for auto workers? Join us for a lunch-time talk about what's going on in Detroit, featuring:

Harley Shaiken, UC Berkeley Professor of Education and Geography, and Director of the Center for Latin American Studies. Shaiken, a Detroit native, is an expert on labor and the global economy and a frequent commentator on auto worker labor issues.

Sponsored by the California Labor Federation, Center for Latin American Studies, and UC Berkeley Labor Center.

Information: 510-642-6371;;

IRLE Program News

The Labor Center

New grants
Pathways to Quality Jobs for Black Workers
Funded by the Rosenberg Foundation, to support research on the crisis of job quality in the Black community, and report preparation and dissemination.

Staff transitions
Caitlin Healy is the Labor Center’s new Program Assistant, and she helps coordinate our trainings, workshops and events. Caitlin is a graduate of the 2006 Labor Summer program, and has also worked as an organizer with SEIU Local 616.

We sadly say good-bye to Program Assistant Karen Navarro, who is leaving the Labor Center after providing two years of reliable help and insightful input to our labor education team. We wish Karen all the best! We also congratulate Veronica Carrizales and wish her good luck as she begins her maternity leave in November. Veronica will return in late spring.

California Public Employee Relations

The California Public Employee Relations Program has just published a new guide that clearly explains the similarities and differences between the two basic laws that remedy discrimination in the workplace: the Fair Employment and Housing Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Pocket Guide to Disability Discrimination in the California Workplace ($16) is the 14th title in the CPER Pocket Guide Series.

Both laws prohibit employers — including public employers — from discriminating against qualified employees on the basis of an employee’s disability. Both laws enable aggrieved employees to obtain monetary damages from employers and to enjoin employers from engaging in future discriminatory conduct.

FEHA amendments adopted in 1999 and 2000 that expand the FEHA to protect a wide range of individuals and impairments the ADA does not cover, coupled with U.S. Supreme Court decisions limiting the ADA’s impact, make the FEHA an aggrieved employee’s likely choice. The FEHA also provides the possibility of higher monetary awards against employers. The FEHA is administered by the Fair Employment and Housing Commission. Although the most important FEHA provisions are contained in the statutes themselves, the Commission has issued regulations explaining some of the FEHA’s terms.

The ADA grants regulatory authority to different federal agencies in accordance with the law’s varying purposes. Courts generally defer to a regulatory agency’s interpretation of the laws it implements, as long as the regulations are reasonable and based on the statute they interpret. ADA law directs the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to issue regulations implementing Title I (employment). The Department of Justice issues regulations implementing Title II (public programs and services) and most of Title III (places of public accommodation), and the Department of Transportation regulates transportation provisions of Titles II and III. But no agency is empowered by the ADA to issue regulations interpreting the ADA’s generally applicable introductory provisions -­ including the all-important definition of “disability” -­ or the provisions of Title IV that include retaliation prohibitions. Despite the lack of direct statutory authority, the EEOC has drafted regulations explaining the meaning of “disability,” and most courts and commentators have deferred to those regulations.

This Guide includes references both to the text of the law and the agencies’ regulations that implement the statutory requirements, and a chart compares key provisions of the laws. The guide also discusses other laws that protect disabled workers, including the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the federal Family and Medical Leave Act and corresponding California Family Rights Act, and workers’ compensation laws. Along with a chapter that summarizes major court decisions interpreting disability laws, the guide includes a table of cases and concludes with appendices of useful resources for obtaining more information about disability discrimination.

Coauthor M. Carol Stevens is a partner in the law firm of Kay & Stevens. Stevens has practiced employment and labor relations law for public agencies in California since 1978. As one of the leading legal practitioners in the field of public employment law, Stevens currently represents California cities, school districts, and transit districts. For many years, Stevens has presented CALPELRA conference attendees the always popular and anticipated legal update.

Coauthor Alison Heartfield Moller, an attorney with the law firm of Kay & Stevens, provides legal services to public agencies regarding a variety of topics, including labor relations, discrimination and harassment claims, PERS and STRS matters, the Brown Act, the Public Records Act, the Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights, and the FLSA. She has handled numerous sexual harassment investigations, grievance arbitrations, unfair practice charges, and employment litigation cases. Both Stevens and Moller conduct management training on issues including labor relations; employee evaluation, discipline, and dismissal; and equal employment.

To order the guide or view the table of contents, go to the CPER website at

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

CSCCE has launched a new longitudinal study of BA degree completion programs for working adults in the field of early care and education. The study will track students at six institutions of higher education in four California counties, examining the program features that help working students succeed, and studying institutional change at these colleges and universities.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Ulman Conference: A Library Success, Too

The success of the symposium in honor of IRLE Director Emeritus Lloyd Ulman confirms the popularity of the Library Commons as a venue for special events. The Library Commons is also used regularly by other IRLE units and small group. To reserve the Library Commons, send at request to IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe ( NOTE: the space is a “shared space” –meaning that the public and other researchers may be using it at any given time.

More Commons News:

  • The exhibit of Lloyd Ulman’s scholarly publications will remain on display through November
  • Sheet-Feeding Scanner: One of the computers in the Information Gateway has a sheet-feeding scanner attached, and this scanner may be used by anyone at IRLE. Technical support for use of the scanning is provided by IRLE’s IT Department.
  • Gateway Use: Did you know that anyone, including the general public, may use the computers in the Information Gateway? IRLE staff with off-campus collaborators should remember this, as these systems provide access to all library databases—an important academic resource, open to all members of the community.

Digitization Update:

Using funds provided by the UC Labor and Employment Research Fund, the Library has almost completed scanning the complete publications of the California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO. In winter and spring 2008 these materials will be organized in to digital library collection, which will be freely available. Historical voting records of the California legislature are just one of the valuable sets of data that will be searchable in the new collection.

Library Presentations:

IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe has had a busy month of presentations, all of which addressed the impact of the IRLE Library Commons to greater or lesser degrees. On October 8, he was panelist at Internet Librarian International in London; he gave a globlal Webcast on October 23, which was sponsored by the Association of College and Research Libraries (the fifth of its kind); on October 30, he gave a one hour presentation at Internet Librarian in Monterey, CA. Finally, on Friday, November 2, he was one of ten featured speakers at a UC Berkeley conference that was titled “Academic Library 2.0.” The event was sponsored by the Librarians Association of the University of California, Berkeley Division, and the University Library.

Terry (thankfully) has no speaking commitments for the remainder of 2007...

The Labor Project for Working Families

Labor Project for Working Families Deplores the Governor’s Veto of Work and Family Bills

Earlier this month, Governor Schwarzenegger vetoed the three bills that would have increased protections for California workers struggling to balance work and family responsibilities.

“We are deeply disappointed that the Governor has vetoed these family caregiving bills, which could have made a difference in the lives of thousands of families. Workers should not have to choose between caring for a sick loved one and keeping their job,” said Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project for Working Families, a leader in the statewide Work & Family Coalition which advocated for the bills.

Carina Barlow, who was not allowed to take time off work to care for her brother after his heart attack, said “How sad that the governor refuses to see how important it is to all Californians to be able to care for our loved ones when they need us.”

SB 727 & AB 537

Would have expanded the definition of family member under California law, to include siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, and parents in-law. These family members would then be eligible to take job-protected leave under the California Family Rights Act, and receive financial benefits under the Paid Family Leave Act. AB 537 also would have allowed parents to take job-protected leave to care for adult children with a serious health condition.

SB 836

Sought to protect employees from discrimination at work based on their familial status. Current law does not adequately protect workers who have caregiving responsibilities for young children or elderly parents from being denied a promotion or otherwise discriminated against at work, simply because the employer assumes they will be less committed or less reliable at work.

The three bills were hailed by work and family advocates as a significant development in the growing movement to help workers juggle the many demands of work, parenting, and caregiving. Over half of working Californians expect to need family or medical leave from work in the next five years. Workers in California have increasingly diverse families, resulting in the need for time off to care for siblings, grandparents, grandchildren, and other close family members.

States like Oregon and Hawaii, and the District of Columbia already have more inclusive definitions of "family members" for purposes of family medical leave.

For more information on the bills go to:

Campus Events

Center for Japanese Studies

November 30, 2007
12:00 PM to 2:00 PM
IEAS Conference Room, 2223 Fulton Street, 6th Floor

"Foreign Direct Investment and Wages: Differential Impacts by Worker Rank at Japanese Manufacturing Firms"
Masao Nakamura, International Business, The University of British Columbia

Center for Public Health Practice

November 5, 2007
2326 Tolman Hall

Working in Local Health Departments-Opportunities and Realities

Economics Department

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

November 13, 2007
David Card, U.C. Berkeley
"Pension Plan Characteristics and Framing Effects in Employee Savings Behavior”

November 27, 2007
Kristof Madarasz, U.C. Berkeley
A Theory of Information Projection, with Applications to Employment Relations and Social Attitudes"

Economics 237, Macro Economics Workshop
639 Evans Hall

November 15, 2007
Per Krusell, Princeton University
Frictional Wage Dispersion in Search Models: A Quantitative Assessment
(with Andreas Hornstein and Giovanni L. Violante)

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

November 15, 2007
Jane Leber Herr, University of California, Berkeley
Does it Pay to Delay? Understanding the Effect of First Birth Timing on Women's Wage Growth

Institute for the Study of Social Change

November 29, 2007
Morgan Hall Lounge, 114 Morgan Hall
12:30 – 1:30pm

New Metropolis Initiative Speaker Series:

Green Collar Jobs in the San Francisco Bay Area: Can the green economy reduce global warming and fight poverty?

Raquel Rivera Pinderhughes, Professor of Urban Studies, San Francisco State University Ian Kim, Reclaim the Future Director at the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights Co-sponsored by UC Berkeley Labor Center and the College of Natural Resources.