May/June 2014 (No. 72)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, and Myra Armstrong.

The Year in Review

Director’s Letter
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
IRLE Colloquium Series
Recent IRLE Working Papers

IRLE Programs
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
Donald Vial Center for Employment in the Green Economy


The Year in Review

Director’s Letter

Michael Reich

Dear friends,

As the 2013-14 year nears its end, I would like to thank everyone at IRLE for participating in an exciting year. Special thanks to Jesse Rothstein (Goldman School of Public Policy) for serving as Acting Director while I was away on leave in the fall semester. Jesse led IRLE through the UC Office of the President's Portfolio Realignment Group review. Jesse also welcomed Chancellor Nicholas Dirks to a gala welcome event held at IRLE, at which many IRLE community members were able to meet the Chancellor and share ideas with him.

IRLE's programs units published significantly more policy papers and briefings than in previous years, with the Labor Center leading the way. Our minimum wage studies, which appeared throughout the year, have proven to be highly influential in the contemporary nation-wide surge of interest, especially at the state and local levels, as well in the White House.

The Labor Center addressed the launch of the Affordable Care Act's state and national exchanges, demonstrating our commitment to offering practical commentary and analysis to policy makers. The California Endowment made it possible for the Labor Center to produce a series of in depth briefings and reports throughout the year. The Labor Center and the IRLE Library worked together to produce a National Health Care Calculator and to post it on our Web site. This online tool enables consumers to estimate their potential health care costs under the new state health exchanges. The calculator has been adopted by many states, including Arizona, California, Colorado, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, and Washington. Three private health plans have acquired it under license, and three Spanish-language media companies adopted modified versions of the calculator. This public service, which was launched at IRLE, has literally assisted millions of Americans.

Minimum wage research, the health care calculator and other policy initiatives-- such as the reports published by the Donald Vial Center for Jobs in the Green Economy-- have increased general interest in IRLE. This interest is evident in our growing Web traffic, which jumped from over six million visitors during 2012-13 to more than 15 million for the period July 2013 through early May of 2014.

IRLE faculty affiliates continue to benefit from graduate student researcher awards that directly help doctoral students as well as their own long-term research projects. The use of the Library Commons has increased, which means that its print and digital collections are well-known on campus and beyond. CPER continues an active publishing program for its Pocket Guides" series, which are used human resources professional and union representatives throughout the state. The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment also published important policy briefings, receiving national attention.

This sustained record of productivity and achievement is likely to generate further growth in the coming academic year. Thank you again to the many people who contributed to IRLE's success.

A good summer to all,

Michael Reich
Director, IRLE

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society

IRLE’s top-ranked journal is published by Wiley and is available in print in the IRLE Library and online in the Wiley Online Library:

Please note that you must have access to the Wiley Online Library either as an individual or via your host institution’s library.  Please check your local access option accordingly.

Steve RaphaelVolume 53, No. 2, April 2014

Does Job Satisfaction Vary with Sexual Orientation? (pages 169–198)
Karen Leppel

Works Councils, Collective Bargaining, and Apprenticeship Training – Evidence From German Firms (pages 199–222)
Ben Kriechel, Samuel Muehlemann, Harald Pfeifer and Miriam Schütte

Multiple Job Holding, Skill Diversification, and Mobility (pages 223–272)
Georgios A. Panos, Konstantinos Pouliakas and Alexandros Zangelidis

Do Responsible Contractor Policies Increase Construction Bid Costs? (pages 273–294)
C. Jeffrey Waddoups and David C. May

High-Involvement Work Practices and the Opportunities for Promotion in the Organization (pages 295–324)
Rocio Bonet

Supercenters, Unionized Labor, and Performance in Food Retail (pages 325–355)
Richard Volpe

Volume 52, No. 1, January 2014

Unions, Wage Gaps, and Wage Dispersion: New Evidence from the Americas (pages 1–27)
Fernando Rios-Avila and Barry T. Hirsch

Is Occupational Injury Risk Higher at New Firms?* (pages 28–45)
Seth A. Seabury, John Mendeloff and Frank Neuhauser

The Plateau in U.S. Women's Labor Force Participation: A Cohort Analysis (pages 46–71)
Jin Young Lee

Temporary Help Work: Earnings, Wages, and Multiple Job Holding* (pages 72–100)
Sarah Hamersma, Carolyn Heinrich and Peter Mueser

Wage Discrimination Against Workers with Sensory Disabilities (pages 101–124)
Marjorie L. Baldwin and Chung Choe

Indicative and Updated Estimates of the Collective Bargaining Premium in Germany (pages 125–156)
John Addison, Paulino Teixeira, Katalin Evers and Lutz Bellmann

Volume 52, No. 4, December 2013

The Use of Performance Appraisal Systems: Evidence from Dutch Establishment Data (pages 801–828)
Uwe Jirjahn and Erik Poutsma

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Nonwage Compensation (pages 829–852)
Joseph A. Ritter

Earnings Progression and the Workforce Investment Act: Evidence from Washington State (pages 853–877)
Colleen K. Chrisinger

Outsourcing, Occupational Restructuring, and Employee Well-Being: Is There a Silver Lining? (pages 878–914)
Petri Böckerman and Mika Maliranta

Gender Role Attitudes, Labor Supply, and Human Capital Formation (pages 915–940)
Vasilios D. Kosteas

Tracking Labor Demand with Online Job Postings: The Case of Health IT Workers and the HITECH Act (pages 941–968)
Aaron Schwartz, Roger Magoulas and Melinda Buntin

Volume 52, No. 3, July 2013

Collective Bargaining and Faculty Job Satisfaction (pages 619–644)
John M. Krieg, Charles S. Wassell Jr., David W. Hedrick and Steven E. Henson

Reciprocal Loyalty and Union Mediation (pages 645–676)
Georgios A. Panos and Ioannis Theodossiou

Union Wage Gap in the U.S. Construction Sector: 1983-2007 (pages 677–701)
Cihan Bilginsoy

Labor Law and Reaching a First Collective Agreement: Evidence From a Quasi-Experimental Set of Reforms in Ontario (pages 702–736)
Chris Riddell

Flexible Wage Contracts, Temporary Jobs, and Firm Performance: Evidence From Italian Firms (pages 737–764)
Michele Battisti and Giovanna Vallanti

Sidney and Beatrice Webb's Institutional Theory of Labor Markets and Wage Determination (pages 765–791)
Bruce E. Kaufman

IRLE Colloquium Series, 2013-2014

Fall 2013 Colloquia

Laura Kray

Monday, September 16, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Written in the Stars or Blind Chance? Gender Differences in Supernatural Agency and Attribution
Laura Kray, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley
(co-authored with Arindrajit Dube)
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07

Kim Voss

Monday, September 23, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Worker Identities in a New Era of Immigration
Kim Voss, Sociology, UC Berkeley
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16


Phillippe Pochet

Monday, October 7, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
The Euro Crisis and its Impact on National and European Social Policies
Philippe Pochet, European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09


Neil Fligstein

Monday, October 14, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
The Emergence of a Finance Culture in American Households, 1989-2007
Neil Fligstein, Soiolcogy, UC Berkeley
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08


Nicole Maestas

Monday, October 21, 2013 | 12 PM – 1:30PM | 648 Evans Hall
Does Delay Cause Decay? The Effect of Administrative Decision Time on the Labor Force Participation and Earnings of Disability Applicants
Nicole Maestas, Economics, Sociology and Statistics Research, RAND
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02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

Sarah Anzia

Monday, October 28, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
The Politics of Pensions
Sarah Anzia, Goldman School of Public Policy, UC Berkeley
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12


Reed Walker

Monday, November 4, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Demand Shocks, Supply Chains, and Implications for Local Economies: Evidence from the Auto Industry
Reed Walker, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley
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02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

Seth M. Holmes

Monday, November 25, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States
Seth M. Holmes, Medical Anthropology & Public Health, UC Berkeley
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08


Eric Verhoogen

Monday, December 2, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Organizational Incentives and Technology Adoption among Manufacturing Firms: Evidence from Pakistan
Eric Verhoogen, Economics, Columbia University
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08


Spring 2014 Colloquia

Ben Zipperer

Monday, January 27, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Pooled Synthetic Control Estimates of Minimum Wage Effects
Ben Zipperer, Economics, University of Massachusetts (Amherst)
(co-authored with Arindrajit Dube)
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07

Sylvia Allegretto

Monday, February 24, 2013 | 12 PM – 1PM
Waiting for Change: Is It Time to Increase the $2.13 Subminimum Wage?
Sylvia Allegretto, Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics, IRLE
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08


Philippe Pochet

Monday, March 3, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
The State of Unions in the European Union
Philippe Pochet, European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08


Annette Bernhardt

Monday, March 17, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Labor Standards and the Reorganization of Work: Gaps in Data and Research
Annette Bernhardt, Visiting Researcher, IRLE; Visiting Professor, Sociology
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08

Richard Freeman

Friday, March 21, 2014 | 12 PM – 1:30PM | 648 Evans Hall
What Do China's Government-run Unions Do?
Richard Freeman, Professor, Economics, Harvard University, NBER, Director


Eileen Appelbaum Rosemary Batt

Monday, March 31, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Private Equity at Work: When Wall Street Manages Main Street
Eileen Appelbaum, Center for Economic Policy Research, Washington, D.C.
Rosemary Batt, ILR Cornell University
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

Richard Locke

Friday, April 4, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
The Promise and Limits of Private Power: Promoting Labor Standards in a Global Economy
Richard Locke, Department of Political Science MIT, (Co-sponsored with Nicholas Ziegler, Political Science, UCB)
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08

Olivier Godechot

Monday, April 21 , 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
The Working Rich: Wages, Bonuses and Appropriation of Profit in the Financial Industry
Olivier Godechot, Max Planck Sciences (MaxPo), France
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08>

Gabriel Zucman

Monday, April 28 , 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Trends in U.S. Wealth Inequality, 1913 to 2012
Gabriel Zucman, Post-Doctoral Scholar at UC Berkeley and Assistant Professor of Economics, London School of Economics
» View photos Camera

02 03 04 05 06 07 08>

Recent Working Papers

ReportWorking papers are available for download at:

Fall 2013

  • “The 2010 National Organizations Survey: Examining the Relationships Between Job Quality and the Domestic and International Sourcing of Business Functions by United States Organizations.” 156-13.
    Clair Brown, Timothy Sturgeon, and Connor Cole.
  • “Waiting for Change: Is it Time to Increase the $2.13 Subminimum Wage?” 155-13.
    Sylvia A. Allegretto.
  • “The Decline in Inequality In Brazil, 2003-2009 Role Of The State.” 154-13.
    Pedro H. G. F. Souza and Marcelo Medeiros.
  • “The State and income inequality in Brazil.” 153-13.
    Medeiros and Pedro H. G. F. Souza.
  • “Integrated Sectors – Diversified Earnings: The (Missing) Impact of Offshoring on Wages and Wage Convergence in the EU27.” 152-13.
    Aleksandra Parteka and Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz.
  • “Estimating Net Costs of Adopting Family Friendly Policies at Universities: Description of a Simulation Program.” 152a-13.
    Clair Brown and Eric Freeman.
  • “Bankers in the Ivory Tower: The Financialization of Governance at the University of California.”  151-13.
    Charlie Eaton, Adam Goldstein, Jacob Habinek, Mukul Kumar, Tamera Lee Stover, Alex Roehrkasse.
  • “The Power of Coalitions: Participation and Governance in California’s Public-Private Welfare State.” 150-13.
    Charlie Eaton, Margaret Weir.
  • “Minimum Wage Shocks, Employment Flows and Labor Market Frictions.” 149-13.
    Arindrajit Dube, T. William Lester, and Michael Reich.
  • “Credible Research Designs for Minimum Wage Studies.” 148-13.
    Sylvia Allegretto, Arindrajit Dube, Michael Reich and Ben Zipperer.
  • “So Goes the Nation? A preliminary report on how immigration is reshaping the identities of workers in California.” 147-13.
    Kim Voss and Fabiana Silva.
  • “"I Can't Lie to Your Face": Minimal Face-to-Face Interaction Promotes Honesty.” 146-13.
    Alex B. Van Zant and Laura J. Kray.

Spring 2014

  • “Framing the Immigrant Movement as about Rights, Family, or Economics: Which Appeals Resonate and for Whom?” 112-14.
    Irene Bloemraad, Kim Voss, and Fabiana Silva.
  • “Why the Federal Reserve Failed to See the Financial Crisis of 2008: The Role of "Macroeconomics" as a Sense making and Cultural Frame.” 111-14. 
    Neil Fligstein, Jonah Stuart Brundage, and Michael Schultz.
  • “Insuring Health or Insuring Wealth? An Experimental Evaluation of Health Insurance in Rural Cambodia.” 109-14.
    David Levine, Rachel Polimeni, and Ian Ramage.
  • “The Politics of Pensions.” 108-14.
    Sarah F. Anzia and Terry M. Moe.
  • “Do Ratings of Firms Converge? Implications for Strategy Research.” 107-14.
    Aaron Chatterji, Rodolphe Durand, David Levine, and Samuel Touboul
  • “Implicit Theories of Social Roles: Pigeonholing and Proving Gender.” 106-14.
    Alexandra G. Russell, Lauren M. Szczurek, and Laura J. Kray.
  • “The Rich, the Affluent and the Top Incomes: a Literature Review.” 105-14.
    Marcelo Medeiros and Pedro H. G. Ferreira de Souza.
  • “Local Minimum Wage Laws: Impacts on Workers, Families and Businesses.” 104-14.
    Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, and Annette Bernhardt.
  • “An idiosyncrasy credit or a generalist discount? Conditional advantages to working broadly in a virtual labor market.” 103-14.
    Ming D. Leung and Weiyi Ng.
  • “Property in Print: Copyright Law and the American Magazine Industry.” 102-14.
    Heather A. Haveman and Daniel N. Kluttz.
  • “Scraping By: Income and Program Participation After the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits.” 101-14.
    Jesse Rothstein and Robert G. Valletta.
  • “Labor Standards and the Reorganization of Work: Gaps in Data and Research.” 100-14.
    Annette Bernhardt.

IRLE Program News

The Labor Center


Cover Workforce Issues and Energy Efficiency Programs: A Guidance Plan for California’s Utilities

May 2014, UC Berkeley Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy California’s Investor-Owned Utilities (IOUs), directed by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), administer the great majority of the state’s energy efficiency (EE) and other demand-side incentives and rebate programs. The IOUs hired the Donald Vial Center to develop a comprehensive plan to address workforce issues in the IOU EE programs. The Guidance Plan recommends interventions to influence both the demand for and the supply of skilled labor, in order to address the state’s energy savings and workforce go als. The report also suggests a plan for statewide policy coordination on EE workforce standards, and for incorporating ongoing advice and engagement from the state’s leading experts on energy efficiency and workforce development.

The Ongoing Importance of Enrollment: Churn in Covered California and Medi-Cal

April 2014, by Miranda Dietz, Dave Graham-Squire, and Ken Jacobs.
Using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model and the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the authors predict that large numbers of Californians will continue to enter and leave Covered California and Medi-Cal throughout the year during Special Enrollment Periods due to life-changing "triggering" events such as divorce and job change.

Local Minimum Wage Laws: Impacts on Workers, Families and Businesses

March 2014, by Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, and Annette Bernhardt
As cities and counties across the country increasingly debate whether to establish their own minimum wage laws, policymakers are understandably asking a host of questions. How are existing laws designed? What do we know about the impacts of local wage mandates on workers and their families? What does research tell us about the effect of local wage mandates on employment, and, in particular, do businesses move outside city or county borders in response? In this report, we address these and related questions.

Realizing the Dream for Californians Eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA): Health Needs and Access to Health Care

March 2014, by Claire D. Brindis, Max W. Hadler, Ken Jacobs, Laurel Lucia, Nadereh Pourat, Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Rachel Siemons and Efrain Talamantes
A joint report of the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, and the UCSF Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
This report describes the common sources of care, barriers to care, and health needs of the estimated 300,000 young California immigrants who are eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). The authors find that DACA-eligible teens and young adults use less medical care than their U.S.-born peers in spite of being more likely to report poor health. The report also presents potential solutions for health care providers, community-based organizations, and private and public funders to improve health and access to care for this population. A companion report describes health care coverage of DACA-eligible Californians and presents potential policy solutions to expand their coverage options.

Realizing the Dream for Californians Eligible for DACA: Demographics and Health Coverage

February 2014, by Claire D. Brindis, Max W. Hadler, Ken Jacobs, Laurel Lucia, Nadereh Pourat, Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Rachel Siemons and Efrain Talamantes
A joint report of the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, and the UCSF Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies
This report describes the demographics and health care coverage of the estimated 300,000 young California immigrants who are eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). While these teens and young adults are excluded from federal Affordable Care Act health insurance options, the authors find that up to 125,000 may be eligible for Medi-Cal under state policy, based on an analysis of California Health Interview Survey data. In this report, we also present an overview of the health programs available, discuss the impact the DACA program has had on coverage, and present potential policy solutions that would expand coverage for these Californians.

Under the “Forty Hours is Full Time Act” More Americans Would Lose Job-Based Health Coverage and Work Hours, While Federal Costs Would Increase

December 2013, by Ken Jacobs and Dave Graham-Squire
The Affordable Care Act requires larger employers to provide health coverage to employees working 30 hours a week or more, or pay a penalty. The proposed " Forty Hours is Full Time Act” would raise the threshold to 40 hours a week. This brief finds that if passed the act would result in reductions in work hours for significant numbers of American workers, fewer workers obtaining job-based coverage, and an increase in the federal deficit of more than $140 billion over a ten-year budget window.

Course Correction: Reversing Wage Erosion to Restore Good Jobs at American Airports

November 2013, by Miranda Dietz, Peter Hall, and Ken Jacobs
In recent decades, the airline industry has seen a substantial increase in outsourcing which has undercut job security and lowered wages. The transformation of self-sustaining middle-class airline careers to low-wage outsourced jobs not only hurts workers and their communities, but also may negatively affect the safety, security, and efficiency of airports. This report examines the extent of outsourcing in the airline industry; trends in wages over the last 20 years; the implications of these trends for workers, customers, and other stakeholders; and the costs and benefits of improving job standards in this industry.

Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-Wage Jobs in the Fast-Food Industry

October 2013, by Sylvia Allegretto, Marc Doussard, Dave Graham-Squire, Ken Jacobs, Dan Thompson and Jeremy Thompson
This report estimates the public costs of low-wage jobs in the fast-food industry. Due to the combination of low wages, meager benefits, and often part-time hours, many of the families of fast-food workers must rely on taxpayer funded safety net programs to make ends meet. For this analysis we focus on jobs held by core, front-line fast-food workers, defined as non-managerial workers who work at least 10 hours per week for 27 or more weeks a year. The median wage for this workforce is $8.69 an hour. Only 13 percent of the jobs provide health benefits. We found that 52 percent of the families of core front-line fast-food workers are enrolled in one or more public safety-net programs at a cost of nearly $7 billion a year.

Large Repayments of Premium Subsidies May Be Owed To The IRS If Family Income Changes Are Not Promptly Reported

By Ken Jacobs, Dave Graham-Squire, Elise Gould, and Dylan Roby, Health Affairs, September 2013 vol. 32 no. 9 1538-1545/
This study analyzes predicted repayments and refunds for people receiving subsidies for health insurance premiums under the Affordable Care Act, using California as a case study. (Full access to this article requires a subscription to Health Affairs, but the authors have posted a blog entry that reviews the study results and implications.)

To Work With Dignity: The Unfinished March Toward a Decent Minimum Wage

August 2013, by Sylvia Allegretto and Steven Pitts
The demand for an increase in the national minimum wage during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was part of a package of demands seeking economic justice for workers through government intervention in the labor market. At the time of the march, about half of all blacks lived in poverty. Due to discrimination in the labor market and the educational system, blacks were heavily concentrated in many of the lowest-paid occupations. An increase in the minimum wage, along with the other march demands, had the potential to lift a large share of the black population out of poverty. This paper examines the context that gave rise to this particular march demand, presents historical trends in the real (inflation-adjusted) value of the minimum wage and the impact on black workers, and discusses some of the contemporary issues surrounding minimum-wage policies.

Modified Adjusted Gross Income under the Affordable Care Act

July 2013
This fact sheet summarizes the components of Modified Adjusted Gross Income, which will be the basis for calculating eligibility for Medicaid and subsidized health insurance through the Exchanges under the Affordable Care Act.

New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

May 2013, by William H. Dow, Dylan R. Roby, Gerald F. Kominski, and Ken Jacobs
This brief summarizes the evidence on the health benefits of expanded access to health care, with particular attention to the newest studies from recent coverage expansions in Massachusetts, Oregon, and parts of California.

Proposition 39: Jobs and Training for California's Workforce

May 2013, by Carol Zabin and Megan Emiko Scott
Proposition 39 allocates up to $550 million per year for five years for energy efficiency and clean energy projects in California's public schools, community colleges, universities, and other public facilities and provides funding for workforce training. This report estimates the job and workforce impacts of Proposition 39 investments, including the occupational mix of jobs and the number of entry-level positions. It presents information on workers in two key sets of occupations: the building and construction workers who will be engaged in energy efficiency retrofits and clean energy installations, and the school facilities personnel who can reduce energy use through improved operations and maintenance of buildings and their systems. The report identifies potential training needs for the construction and school facilities workforce and estimates the number of workers that may require training for Proposition 39-funded projects. It also presents recommendations on program elements that can help ensure good jobs and workforce outcomes.

Recommendations for Prop. 39 Implementation: Jobs and Workforce Development Program Elements

May 2013, by Carol Zabin
This document presents guidelines for Prop. 39 program design that can ensure better jobs and workforce development outcomes.

Monthly Black Worker Report

By Steven Pitts, ongoing
Each monthly brief includes seasonally-adjusted employment data in the form of text, tables, and color-coded graphs that report the latest unemployment rates, as well as the employment-to-population ratio, for blacks based on age groups and gender, and compare those numbers to those for the U.S. population overall and for whites.

How many are newly-eligible for health coverage in 2014?

An interactive map showing how many are newly eligible for Medi-Cal and subsidies through Covered California
Access CalSIM eligibility data for every region and for 6 large counties. Click on any county to see how many Californians are predicted to be newly eligible for Medi-Cal and Covered California subsidies. The map includes links to the CalSIM 1.8 Regional Databook for more information about the newly eligible such as income level, current insurance status, age, gender and race.



CoverWhen Mandates Work: Raising Labor Standards at the Local Level
Edited by Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, and Miranda Dietz

When Mandates Works collects the evidence on the series of public policy experiments in San Francisco over the last decade to improve wages and benefits for local workers. Opponents predicted a range of negative impacts, but the evidence tells a decidedly different tale. This book brings together that evidence for the first time, reviews it as a whole, and considers its lessons for local, state, and federal policymakers. 

Since its release in January, When Mandates Work: Raising Labor Standards at the Local Level has received significant attention as more and more cities consider adopting minimum wage policies. Three New York Times articles, including an op-ed by Michael Reich and Ken Jacobs, examined the lessons learned from San Francisco’s progressive policies which were discussed in the book. When Mandates Work has been covered by other news outlets including USA Today, Washington Post, The Nation, MSNBC, Bloomberg, The Atlantic, CNN, BBC World, among others. The Labor Center is also providing research and technical assistance for local organizations and public officials interested in adopting higher labor standards policies.

Learn more about the book.

California Workers' Rights: A Manual of Job Rights, Protections and Remedies
Fourth edition with a new 2013 update by David A. Rosenfeld, Miles E. Locker, and Nina G. Fendel.

A basic overview of the legal protections for workers under California and federal law, written in understandable language, designed for use by workers and those who represent them. The California Workers' Rights: 2013 Update covers significant changes to the laws governing wage theft, Workers' Compensation, family leave, disability rights, and more, as well as major cases governing important rights like meal and rest breaks. The 2013 Update also includes new sections on the Affordable Care Act, immigration, and social media.

Now also available as an e-Book!

Work, Money and Power
2013, third edition

A Labor Center best-seller, Work, Money and Power: Unions in the 21st Century answers basic questions about unions and the labor movement. An informative, readable, and attractive resource for unions, schools, community groups, and others.


Labor Center Recognized by California Speaker of the Assembly John A. Perez
View video of Speaker Perez at the inaugural ceremony of UC Berkeley Chancellor Dirks, where he gave powerful testimony on the value of working people and the commitment of California’s public university to provide accessible, affordable, high-quality education. Speaker Perez gave special recognition to the work of the UC Berkeley Labor Center in his remarks.

Celebrating 50: UC Berkeley Labor Center
A short video created for the UC Berkeley Labor Center’s 50th Anniversary Celebration on September 26, 2013, to honor our proud history and enduring commitment to the working people of California and beyond. Featuring Art Pulaski, Marty Morgenstern, Congressman George Miller, Jerry Brown, and Labor Center staff members and students.

California Legislative Hearing: Wage Levels in the Fast-Food Industry
Video highlights from the November 13, 2013, California Legislature joint hearing on the low wages paid by the fast-food industry. Lawmakers heard impassioned testimony from academics, advocates for the working poor, and from the fast-food workers themselves. The hearing was called after the release of the UC Berkeley Labor Center report, "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-Wage Jobs in the Fast-Food Industry."


Upcoming Trainings

Labor Summer (Summer 2014)
Co-sponsored with UC Davis Center for Regional Change, Labor Summer provides an opportunity for UC graduate and undergraduate students to become summer interns with unions and community-based organizations where they learn about and work on issues vital to California's working people.

Strategic Research Workshop (June 25-26, 2014)
This two-day introductory workshop is intended for union researchers who are responsible for carrying out research for organizing and collective bargaining campaigns. It provides participants with a general overview, case studies, and hands-on exercises to practice research strategies and methods.

Strategic Campaigns Workshop (Fall 2014)
One of our most popular programs, the Strategic Campaigns Workshop provides an opportunity for unions and community-based worker organizations to enhance the quality of current or prospective campaigns.

Latino Leadership School (Fall 2014)
A workshop to focus on building the capacity of Latino leadership in unions and community-based worker organizations. Among the topics covered will be: basic organizing skills; developing lead organizers; and an overview of the larger political environment. The Latino Leadership School welcomes participation regardless of race, ethnicity, color, sex, or national origin.


Recent Trainings

Advanced Online Media Skills (January 23-24, 2014)
Advanced Online Media Skills is the second workshop in the Labor Center online media skills sequence. The workshop was geared to more experienced practitioners–those who know the basics but now want to develop their skills in creating online products like blogs and websites that are ready to be plugged in to their campaigns and organizing work. As in the past, the Labor Center partnered with Aspiration to conduct this workshop.

Organizing Strategies Forum (December 5-7, 2013)
This was the Labor Center’s fourth annual gathering for senior-level organizing directors in unions and community-based worker organizations.

Strategic Campaigns Workshop (November 18-23, 2013 and September 16-20, 2013)
By popular demand, the Labor Center held two Strategic Campaign Workshops this year. This workshop is designed to help organizers, researchers, field reps and business agents, member leaders, communications specialists, and political coordinators develop deeper analyses of issues they are working on, create strategic plans, and learn new tools for their campaigns.

Beginning Online Media Skills (August 1-2, 2013)
Participants learn how to apply different online media tools to their campaigns. As in the past, the Labor Center partnered with Aspiration to conduct this workshop.

Strategic Research(June 26-27, 2013)
Introductory workshop for union researchers responsible for carrying out research for organizing and collective bargaining campaigns.

Labor Summer Internship Program (Summer 2013)
Eighteen graduate and undergraduate students from UC Berkeley and UC Davis were placed at sixteen labor and community organizations throughout the Bay Area.

Latino Leadership School(May 17-19, 2013)
A leadership development training for Spanish-speaking emerging labor leaders.


Other Events

Strategic Research Workshop, Sun Yat-sen University in China (March 9, 2014)
Nick Rudikoff of SEIU led the workshop of 25 students and young professors at Sun Yat-sen University in China.

The Affordable Care Act and California (March 24, 2014)
A presentation and Q&A on the ACA. Sponsored by The Scholars Strategy Network (SSN)and theLabor Center. Panelists: Larry Jacobs - University of Minnesota, Political Science and Public Policy; Anthony Wright - Health Access California; Ken Jacobs - UC Berkeley Labor Center; Margaret Weir - UC Berkeley, Sociology and Political Science; Charlie Eaton - UC Berkeley, Sociology; Lisa Aliferis (moderator)- KQED, State of Health blog.

New Forms of Labor Relations (March 7-9, 2014)
A seminar held at the International Center for Joint Labor Research in China featured presentations by 20 Chinese workers, a union cadre, and academics on the election of union leaders and worker representation issues. The seminar was also attended by German and U.S. labor unionists. Advisory Board member and California Professional Firefighters President Lou Paulson presented on how elections are carried out in his union. The American group also visited labor NGOs in Hong Kong.

Book Event: When Mandates Work (January 22, 2014)
Over fifty people gathered at the Labor Center for a presentation by the editors of the newly published book from UC Press, When Mandates Work: Raising Labor Standards at the Local Level. The event was attended by labor standards enforcement officers, academics, and many organizers from several of the successful campaigns that led to higher labor standards policies in San Francisco that are highlighted in the book.

Los Angeles Black Worker Center’s Worker Congress (September 6-7, 2013)
The Labor Center co-sponsored the Los Angeles Black Worker Center’s (LA BWC) Worker Congress that took place on September 6-7, 2013. Over 250 people attended the Congress. Steven Pitts made a presentation on the state of Black workers before the Congress.

50th Anniversary50th Anniversary Gala (September 26, 2013)

The Labor Center welcomed close to 400 attendees to our 50th Anniversary Celebration on September 26, 2013. It was a night of high spirits as we celebrated the work of the Labor Center and the labor victories of our many honorees, including United Food and Commercial Workers International Union President Joe Hansen, members of OUR Walmart, members of Warehouse Workers United, California Labor Secretary Marty Morgenstern, California Labor Commissioner Julie Su, California Professional Firefighters President Lou Paulson, and Anthony Thigpenn and California Calls. A special highlight of the evening was celebrating the passage of the California Domestic Worker Bill of Rights–signed that very  afternoon by Governor Brown–with honorees Ai-jen Poo and members of the National Domestic Workers Alliance, SEIU United Long Term Care Workers, California Domestic Workers Coalition, SEIU-UHW, California Child Care Providers UNITED, and UDW Homecare Providers Union.


  • Fulbright award to China–Katie Quan
  • Sierra Health Foundation, Healthier U Evaluation
  • Blue Shield of California Foundation, Remaining Uninsured in California: Medi-Cal Eligible but not Enrolled, Population Characteristics and Enrollment Barriers
  • Hewlett Foundation, Achieving Clean Energy Goals Through High-Road Implementation (renewal)
  • Unitarian Universalist Veatch Program at Shelter Rock, National Black Worker Center Project (renewal)
  • Ford Foundation, National Black Worker Center Project
  • The California Endowment, CHIS 2011-2012 Policy Research Studies
  • The California Endowment, California Health Policy Program 2014-2015 (renewal)
  • Rosenberg Foundation, Kirke Wilson Labor Summer Internships (renewal; 5-year grant)
  • Blue Shield of California Foundation, Remaining Uninsured Study: DACA-Eligible Youth and Young Adults in California
  • Discount Foundation, National Black Worker Center Project
  • The Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy was selected as the lead consultant on workforce education and training for the California Investor-Owned Utilities’ energy efficiency program. Read more.


Minimum Wage

Community & labor push for higher San Francisco minimum wage as cost of living soars
People Power Media, April 9, 2014
Revolving door slams on minimum wage hike
The Hill, April 4, 2014
The Rise of the Progressive City
The Nation, April 2, 2014
Congressman Miller takes national minimum wage campaign to Richmond
San Jose Mercury News, March 31, 2014
All Economics Is Local
By Ken Jacobs and Michael Reich, New York Times, March 22, 2014
Richmond council moves forward big minimum wage hike
San Jose Mercury News, March 19, 2014
Ralph Nader: Give workers a raise
USA Today, March 18, 2014
Thumbs-up for $15-an-hour minimum wage in new S.F. poll
San Francisco Chronicle, March 16, 2014
Studies look at what happened when cities raised minimum wage
Seattle Times, March 12, 2014
The case for a living wage
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (blog), March 9, 2014
All of the Arguments Against Raising the Minimum Wage Have Fallen Apart
Moyers & Company, March 7, 2014
San Francisco's Minimum Wage Hike Pays Off
Huffington Post, March 6, 2014
Report: Minimum wage hike would cut food stamp spending by $4.6 billion a year
Washington Post, March 4, 2014
Local Policies That Work for Workers
New York Times Economix, February 24, 2014
Companies at center of debate on wages
The Columbus Dispatch, February 23, 2014
Low-Wage Nation
Seattle Weekly News, February 18, 2014
Activists Push for Raising Minimum Wage in Oakland to $12.25 an Hour
East Bay Express, February 17, 2014
The minimum wage fight: From San Francisco to de Blasio's New York
Reuters, February 11, 2014
Group Wants To Raise Oakland Minimum Wage To Highest In Nation
KCBS, February 10, 2014
Campaign underway to lift Oakland's minimum wage 
Contra Costa Times, February 9, 2014
When Mandates Work 
Center for Economic and Policy Research, February 9, 2014
New Book Lauds San Francisco's Progressive Worker Benefits
Beyond Chron, February 6, 2014
Raiderette wages lawsuit prompts Labor Dept. investigation
San Francisco Chronicle, January 30, 2014
S.F. praised as model for U.S. on increasing minimum wage
San Francisco Chronicle, January 28, 2014
San Francisco's raise-the-pay experiment
San Francisco Chronicle, January 28, 2014
Commentary by Ken Jacobs on President Obama's 2014 State of the Union Address
KPFA, January 28, 2014
Occupy the minimum wage: will young people restore the strength of unions?
The Guardian, January 26, 2014
EXCERPT: Mandates Work: Raising Labor Standards at the Local Level
The Huffington Post Blog, January 23, 2014
San Francisco's Higher Minimum Wage Hasn't Hurt the Economy
Businessweek, January 22, 2014
Labor groups up the pressure on Big Biz
MSNBC's The Cycle, January 21, 2014
Advocates for Workers Raise the Ire of Business
New York Times, January 16, 2014
Bill O'Reilly Blesses Minimum Wage Hike
San Francisco Chronicle, January 15, 2014
Business Matters: IMF global economic report
BBC World Service – World Business Report, January 14, 2014
Raise Minimum Wages, Say Some on the Right
San Francisco Chronicle, January 12, 2014
How NYC's New Mayor is Hamstrung on Wage Inequality
CNN Money, January 3, 2014
Raising the Minimum Wage: Old Shibboleths, New Evidence
New York Times, Economix, December 13, 2013
The minimum-wage muddle
Washington Post Opinions, September 11, 2013
Black Workers Would Benefit From Minimum Wage Hike – Report
Atlanta Daily World, September 10, 2013
The link between civil and economic rights
Washington Post Opinions, August 27, 2013
REPORT: Fox's Month Of Inaccurate Minimum Wage Coverage
Media Matters for America, August 2, 2013
Child care on the third shift
Washington Post, July 10, 2013

Fast-Food Workers

Fast-food CEOs make 1,000 times more than their workers
CBS Money Watch, April 22, 2014
For $1 per Big Mac, a truly livable salary for millions
Boston Globe, February 18, 2014
Why McDonald's Should Focus on Less Beef and Higher Wages
The Guardian, January 29, 2014
McDonald's on employee resources site: Not lovin' it
CNN, December 26, 2013
McDonald's on employee resources site: Not lovin' it
CNN, December 26, 2013
The Minimum Wage and McDonald's Welfare
Bloomberg, December 17, 2013
Is service work today worse than being a household servant?
Al Jazeera America, December 10, 2013
Fox Piles On Big Business' Attempt To Smear Fast Food Protesters As "Rent-A-Mobs"
Media Matters for America, December 10, 2013
Employees Push for Living Wage
KQED Newsroom, December 6, 2013
Editorial: Work and Rewards
New York Times, December 6, 2013
Large number of low-wage workers rely on public assistance programs
89.3 KPCC Southern California Public Radio, Airtalk, December 5, 2013
$15 Wage in Fast Food Stirs Debate on Effects
New York Times, December 4, 2013
Fast food and bank teller salaries come at steep price for taxpayers
Al Jazeera America (blog), December 4, 2013
Want to Cut Food Stamp Spending? Raise the Minimum Wage
Huffington Post, December 3, 2013
Life on $7.25 an Hour: Older Workers Are Increasingly Entering Fast-Food Industry
The New York Times, November 28, 2013
Walmart Employees Organize Food Drive... for Other Walmart Employees
Yahoo Finance, November 18, 2013
Fast Food Industry: Impact on Taxpayers
KIEM – NBC Eureka, November 13, 2013
California Legislature Holds Joint Fast Food Wages Hearing
KRCB – North Bay Public Media, November 13, 2013
Taxpayers Pay High Cost for Low Fast-Food Wages, Lawmakers are Told
Los Angeles Times, November 13, 2013
Report: Fast Food Bad for California Taxpayers
KCRA Sacramento, November 13, 2013
California Legislature Holds Joint Fast Food Wages Hearing
Capital Public Radio, November 13, 2013
Legislators Probe Taxpayer Cost of Aiding Fast-Food Workers
San Francisco Chronicle, November 13, 2013
Viewpoints: When fast food corporations hold down wages, it affects all of us
Op-ed by Ken Jacobs, Sacramento Bee, November 13, 2013
Many Fast Food Workers Rely on Public Assistance Because of Low Wages
KTTV – Fox Los Angeles, November 13, 2013
Fast Food Industry's Impact on Taxpayers
Fox 40 – Sacramento, November 13, 2013
Lowering the Minimum Wage? What a Terrible Idea
The Guardian, November 12, 2013
Editorial: Fast-Food Subsidy Unsavory
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 7, 2013
One NYC Family’s Struggle to Survive on a Fast Food Salary
PBS NewsHour, November 4, 2013
Low Wages Force More Than Half Of Fast Food Workers To Rely On Government Assistance
Business Insider, November 3, 2013
The Real Cost of Fast Food
Center for Economic and Policy Research blog, October 31, 2013
Editorial: Taxpayers' $7 billion Subsidy to Fast-Food Profits Should End
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 30, 2013
Bill Maher: Average fast food worker is 29, most are on public assistance
Tampa Bay Times PunditFact, October 25, 2013
Taxpayers Spending $7 Billion To Supplement Fast-Food Workers’ Wages
International Business Times, October 18, 2013
How Multi-Billion Dollar Corporations Rely on the Public to Feed their Workforce
The American Prospect, October 16, 2013
Why US Taxpayers Pay $7 Billion A Year To Help Fast-Food Workers
NPR, October 16, 2013
Fast-food workers leaning on federal aid
CBS News, October 16, 2013
Public Aid Crucial to Fast-Food Workers
The Boston Globe, October 16, 2013
Fast Food, Big Costs
San Diego Union Tribune, October 16, 2013
Low fast-food wages come at high public cost, reports say
The Washington Post, October 15, 2013
McDonald’s Low Wages Cost Taxpayers $1.2 Billion Per Year: Study
The Huffington Post, October 15, 2013
Fast-Food Workers Are Costing the US $7 Billion a Year in Public Aid
Time – Business & Money, October 15, 2013
More than half of US fast food works on public aid, report says
Los Angeles Times, October 15, 2013
Many fast-food workers are living in poverty: Report
CNBC, October 15, 2013
Study: Majority of US fast-food workers need public assistance
Chicago Tribune, October 15, 2013
How fast food poverty costs America billions
Salon, October 15, 2013
Half of fast food workers need public aid
CNN Money, October 15, 2013
Many fast-food workers living in poverty, analysis finds
In Plain Sight, NBC News, October 15, 2013
Majority of US fast-food workers need public assistance – study
MSN Money, October 15, 2013
Study: Low Fast Food Wages Cost Taxpayers $7 Billion Per Year
Gawker, October 15, 2013
Low Wages Cost Taxpayers A Quarter-Trillion Dollars Every Year
Think Progress, October 15, 2013
Half of Frontline Fast-Food Workers Rely on Public Assistance, Study Says
AOL Jobs, October 15, 2013
More Than Half of Fast Food Workers Rely on Public Assistance
KPBS, October 15, 2013
Majority of US fast-food workers need public assistance: study
WTAQ, October 15, 2013
Low-wage fast-food jobs push workers onto welfare: reports
The Dallas Morning News, October 15, 2013
Fast-food workers carry King's Dream
Op-ed by Saru Jayaraman
New York Daily News, August 22, 2013
Fast Food Workers Strike – Is a Living Wage Really Possible?
Triple Pundit, May 16, 2013

Food Labor

It's Not a Tip Credit, It's a Tip Penalty
The Stranger, April 9, 2014
Interview Highlights: Saru Jayaraman
Moyers & Company, April 8, 2014
Interview Highlights: Saru Jayaraman
Moyers & Company, April 8, 2014
All Work and No Pay
Moyers & Company, April 4, 2014
Selling wage increase as a ‘Mother’s policy’
Melissa Harris-Perry, March 30, 2014
The needs of low-wage women
Melissa Harris-Perry, March 30, 2014
The CNN 10 Visionary Women: Saru Jayaraman, restaurant reformer
CNN, March 24, 2014
Is 2014 the Tipping Point? Activist Researcher Fights to Raise Wages of Restaurant Workers
California Magazine, Cal Alumni Association, March 13, 2014
The Feministing Five: Saru Jayaraman, March 8, 2014
Indian American Labor Activist Targeted by Restaurant Industry Leaders
India West, February 27, 2014
Proposal to Raise Tip Wages Resisted
NY Times, January 26, 2014
Saru Jayaraman: Raising the Restaurant Minimum Wage 
The Atlantic Presents: The Shriver Report LIVE, January 15, 2014
Monks, Belgian Cafe, Grace Tavern make "ethical labor" list
Philadelphia Business Journal, January 15, 2014
Activist at Vanguard of Restaurant Workers' Rights
San Francisco Chronicle, January 11, 2014
Ethical Dining Out
The Joy Cardin Show, Wisconsin Public Radio, December 31, 2013
What Really Happens to Your Tip?
The Washington Spectator, November 14, 2013
Minimum Wage for Tipped Workers Has Been Kept at $2.13 for 21 Years
The Real, September 26, 2013
Woman Goes 'Behind The Kitchen Door' And Exposes Restaurant Industry
AOL Jobs, September 24, 2013
The Rock-Bottom Pay Mandated for Tipped Workers Like Servers in Restaurants Needs to Rise From $2.13 an Hour
San Diego Free Press, September 22, 2013
Behind the Kitchen Door
KQED Forum, September 3, 2013
Q&A: Restaurant Workers Movement is Just Beginning
New America Media, September 2, 2013
Viewpoints: Waiting tables, serving diners and receiving rock-bottom wages
Op ed by Saru Jayaraman, Sacramento Bee, July 24, 2013
New Generation Activists Build Bridges
Christian Science Monitor, July 9, 2013
To Tip or Not to Tip, Raise Base Wages
New York Times, June 23, 2013
Op-Ed: A Heaping Plate of Momentum for Restaurant Workers
By Saru Jayaraman, TakePart, May 15, 2013
Moving Beyond Alinsky Activism
Moyers and Company, Group Think, May 8, 2013

Airport Workers

Tracking Outsourcing’s Negative Impact on Wages
Bloomberg Businessweek, November 27, 2013
American Airports: Hotbeds of Worker Wage Victories
CNN Money, November 27, 2013
New York Airport Workers Organize to End Two-Tier Wage System
The Nation, November 26, 2013
As $15 Minimum Wage Passes in SeaTac, Labor Looks to Seattle, November 26, 2013
Minimum Wage Momentum — at the Airport
Labor Notes, November 15, 2013
Opinion: Newark Airport Workers Straddle Poverty Line
The Star-Ledger – (blog), November 8, 2013
UC Berkeley Report Raises Alarm About Falling Wages, Outsourcing At U.S. Airports, November 4, 2013
How Airline Companies Outsource Jobs And Drive Down Wages
Think Progress, November 4, 2013
Voters Weigh $15 Hourly Minimum Wage for Airport, Hotel Workers
NBC News, October 18, 2013

Bank Tellers

A Daring New Approach to the Fight for a Fairer Economy
Moyers & Company, January 24, 2014
One-Third of Bank Tellers Are on Public Assistance
The Street, January 8, 2014
How big banks scam their own employees, too
Salon, December 10, 2013
James Carville: 1/3 of bank tellers are on public assistance
Tampa Bay Times PunditFact, December 8, 2013
NPR's Robert Siegel Needs a Reality Check
Huffington Post, December 5, 2013
One-third of bank tellers rely on public assistance
CBS Money Watch, December 5, 2013
These Bank Employees Get Paid So Little That They Need Public Assistance
Think Progress, December 5, 2013
More Welfare for Wall Street: One in Three Bank Tellers Need Public Assistance
Moyers & Company, December 4, 2013
A Third of Bank Tellers Rely on Government Assistance, Study Says
Bloomberg Businessweek, December 4, 2013
Big Banks Don't Pay A Third Of Tellers Enough To Live On: Study
Huffington Post, December 4, 2013
Low-wage tellers need taxpayer millions to get by
CNBC, December 4, 2013
Do Bank Employees' Low Wages Cost The Public?
NPR All Things Considered, December 4, 2013 
Fast food and bank teller salaries come at steep price for taxpayers
Al Jazeera America (blog), December 4, 2013
Low bank wages costing the public millions, report says
Washington Post, December 3, 2013


Would Walmart’s Prices Spike If They Paid Their Employees More?, April 3, 2014
A $10.10 Minimum Wage Would Make A DVD At Walmart Cost One Cent More
Think Progress, February 21, 2014
Wal-Mart Poised for Henry Ford Moment Amid Minimum Wage Debate
Bloomberg, February 20, 2014
Why a Minimum Wage Hike Could Be Good for Wal-Mart
The Atlantic, February 20, 2014
Why backing the minimum wage hike makes sense — for Wal-Mart
The Washington Post Wonkblog, February 19, 2014
What Obama's minimum wage plan means for Wal-Mart
Yahoo! Finance, February 12, 2014

Hundreds of Protests Planned to Mark Black Friday
Al Jazeera America, November 27, 2013
Wal-Mart's D.C. wage battle: A shortsighted skirmish
Fortune, July 18, 2013
D.C. Council stands for fair wages and against Wal-Mart
Washington Post, July 16, 2013
Shame on Walmart!
Huffington Post, July 12, 2013
Wal-Mart to DC: Force us to raise wages? We'll leave
NBC News, July 11, 2013
Labor and Living Wage Advocates Thwart Wal-Mart in D.C.
In These Times, July 11, 2013
Walmart Living Wage Dispute In D.C. Undermines Company's Murky Pay Claims
Huffington Post, July 10, 2013
Wal-Mart Says It Will Pull Out Of D.C. Plans Should City Mandate 'Living Wage'
Washington Post, July 9, 2013
Increase accountability for economic development subsidies
SF Examiner, June 25, 2013

Health Care

Beware Pitfalls of Health Care Subsidy
Kiplinger's Retirement Report, May 2014
Healthcare options for undocumented immigrants
Los Angeles Times, April 27, 2014
Obamacare: More Than 3.3 Million Californians Signed Up
KQED The California Report, April 17, 2014
Is Obamacare A Success? We Might Not Know For A While
NPR, April 16, 2014
Part of Early Exchange Success Due to Insuring the Already Insured
California Healthline, April 10, 2014
States work around Obamacare to help undocumented immigrants
CNN, April 9, 2014
After the Big Deadline, a Push To Sign Up Individuals Who Are Still Eligible
California Healthline, April 9, 2014
Thousands of Young Immigrants Eligible for Insurance But Hurdles Remain
California Health Report, April 4, 2014
Covered California Announces Enrollment Exceeded Expectations Of 1.2 Million
CBS Los Angeles, April 3, 2014
State's 'Deferred Action' Immigrants Less Likely To Use Health Care
California Healthline, April 3, 2014
Why would a person sign up for Obamacare but not pay the premium?
Washington Post Wonkblog, April 3, 2014
Nearly Half Of Californians Who Used Exchange May Drop Coverage
NPR, April 3, 2014
Many Covered Calif. Enrollees Likely To Leave Exchange
California Healthline, April 3, 2014
Why would a person sign up for Obamacare but not pay the premium?
Washington Post Wonkblog, April 3, 2014
Nearly Half Of Californians Who Used Exchange May Drop Coverage
NPR, April 3, 2014
Many Covered Calif. Enrollees Likely To Leave Exchange
California Healthline, April 3, 2014
State's 'Deferred Action' Immigrants Less Likely To Use Health Care
California Healthline, April 3, 2014
Why Some Don’t Pay Their Covered California Premium: It’s Not What You Think
The California Report, April 2, 2014
Many more Californians may qualify for Obamacare after deadline
Los Angeles Times, April 2, 2014
Future Uncertain for California’s Uninsured Kids
California Health Report, April 2, 2014
Obamacare: California proving new health care law can work
San Jose Mercury News, March 28, 2014
Q&A on the Affordable Care Act
KPFA Up Front, March 28, 2014
Asians Enrolling in Covered Calif. Plans at 'Surprising' Rate
California Healthline, March 24, 2014
What do you need to know about Obamacare? 
KALW, Your Call, March 24, 2014
Covered Calif. Plans To Boost Outreach to Latinos, Youth
California Healthline, March 17, 2014
Thousands Of Young California Immigrants Eligible For Coverage -- Though Often They Don’t Know It
Washington Post, March 17, 2014
Jóvenes DACA califican a Medi-Cal pero no lo piden
La Opinión, March 2, 2014
Up To 125,000 Undocumented Immigrants May Be Eligible For Health Care In California And Some May Not Know It, February 27, 2014
Another attempt at Obamacare 'reform' blows up
Los Angeles Times, The Economy Hub with Michael Hiltzik, February 26, 2014
California Opens Healthcare Program to 125,000 Migrants
Latino Daily News, February 26, 2014
California Opens Healthcare Program to 125,000 Migrants
Hispanically Speaking News, February 26, 2014
UC research reveals undocumented youth are largely uninsured
The Daily Californian, February 26, 2014
Report: 125K 'Deferred Action' Immigrants Qualify for Medi-Cal
California Healthline, February 26, 2014
Medi-Cal could see surge of young immigrants, but challenges remain
Sacramento Business Journal, February 26, 2014
More than 100,000 migrants eligible for California health program
La Prensa, February 25, 2014
Mayoría de 'Dreamers' califica para seguro médico: studio
Noticieros Televisa, February 25, 2014
Miles de dreamers lograrían seguro en California
Noticias Univision, February 25, 2014
Lawmaker wants to expand Obamacare to non-citizens
ABC News 10, February 25, 2014
Report: 125,000 immigrants given deferred action eligible for Medi-Cal
Los Angeles Times, February 25, 2014
More than 100,000 migrants eligible for California health program
Global Post, February 25, 2014
New Study Finds 125,000 DACA Youth May Be Eligible for Medi-Cal
New America Media, February 25, 2014
Hoosier lawmakers attack Obamacare's 30-hour rule
Indianapolis Business Journal, February 17, 2014
A Reader Asks: If I Am On COBRA, Do I Have To Buy A New Marketplace Plan?
Washington Post, February 14, 2014
Firms can protect against catastrophic medical costs
San Francisco Chronicle, February 14, 2014
State senator's bill seeks health aid for undocumented; costs unclear
89.3 KPCC Southern California Public Radio, February 13, 2014
Target Cuts Health Care. For Some, It's Not A Bad Thing
Huffington Post, January 28, 2014
“Forty Hours is Full-Time” Plan Would Only Make the Problem Worse
The Hill, January 10, 2014
Answering Questions About Estate Plans, Insurance
San Francisco Chronicle, January 8, 2014
Today on Your Call: What are the successes and failures of the Affordable Care Act so far?
KALW's Your Call, January 2, 2014
Answers about property taxes, Covered California
San Francisco Chronicle, December 16, 2013
Reality Check: Obamacare Promise Kept?
NBC Bay Area, December 3, 2013
Obamacare News: Bare-Bones Options for Those 30 and Younger
Orange County Register, November 28, 2013
Health Law May Offer Part-Time Workers Better Options
Kaiser Health News, November 26, 2013
Eligible Adult Child Not Tied to Parent’s Coverage
San Francisco Chronicle, November 25, 2013
Confused by California's Health Insurance Exchange? Here is Help
Los Angeles Times, November 24, 2013
Discussion on Covered California
KPFA Upfront, November 22, 2013
California a Bright Spot in Obamacare Sign-Ups
Los Angeles Times, November 22, 2013
How to Sort Through New Health Plans
Los Angeles Times, November 17, 2013
Health Reform 101: What Counts as Income for Insurance Enrollment?
WebMD, November 14, 2013
Fraction of Residents Enrolled in Covered California
KTVU, November 14, 2013
2 Investigates Covered California’s Cost
KTVU, November 12, 2013
Lost in Translation
East Bay Express, November 6, 2013
The Infinite Bewilderment of Signing Up for Obamacare Subsidies
The Atlantic, November 5, 2013
Rush Limbaugh’s Errant Attack on Grandfathered Union Health Plans
Tampa Bay Times Pundit Fact, October 30, 2013
Defining Line Between Medi-Cal, Exchange Policy
San Francisco Chronicle, October 28, 2013
Q & A on Affordable Healthcare Act with Laurel Lucia
KPFA Upfront, October 21, 2013
Household Key to Tax Subsidy Uunder New Health Law
San Francisco Chronicle, October 19, 2013
Managing Poverty Income to Get a Health Subsidy
San Francisco Chronicle, October 15, 2013
A Reader Asks: My Coverage Is Intermittent. Can I Do Better On The Marketplace?
Kaiser Health News, October 11, 2013
Navigating the Affordable Care Act's tax credit maze
Chicago Tribune, September 27, 2013
Is Health Care Reform Creating More Part-Time Work?
New York Times, September 27, 2013
State Health Care Reform Will Hinge on Young People's Participation
KTVU, September 27, 2013
Will You Qualify for Medi-Cal Under Obamacare?
CHCF Center for Health Reporting, September 24, 2013
Sub par reporting on the ACA
The Berkeley Blog, September 23, 2013
For Workers Leaving Their Jobs, Health Exchanges Offer Insurance Choices Beyond COBRA
Washington Post, September 16, 2013
Study Touts Timely Reporting of Income Changes Under ACA
California Healthline, September 12, 2013
Consumers could be surprised at tax time due to federal health law
Los Angeles Times, September 9, 2013
Implementation of ObamaCare could be delayed
KTVU News, August 23, 2013
Help! What can Obamacare do for me now?
CHCF Center for Health Reporting, July 30, 2013
Undocumented Immigrants Left Out of Health Reform
The California Report, July 26, 2013
How does Medi-Cal work?
KALW Your Call, July 25, 2013
Labor-backed bill tests supermajority control of California Legislature
Sacramento Bee, June 25, 2013
10 companies that shamelessly tried to duck Obamacare
Salon, June 24, 2013
Darden CEO Fights California Bill That Would Fine Medicaid-Dependent Companies
Huffington Post, June 19, 2013
State Bill Aims to Close Obamacare Loophole
KQED The California Report, June 13, 2013
Will Proposed Obamacare Fines Help or Hurt California Workers?
KQED, The California Report State of Health blog, June 13, 2013
California bill would fine big firms whose workers get Medi-Cal
Los Angeles Times, May 31, 2013
'Involuntary' part-time jobs are growing
Kansas City Star, May 27, 2013
How Obamacare Could Change Medi-Cal For the Better (and Worse)
California Healthline, May 22, 2013
'Merecemos' Medi-Cal
La Opinión, May 14, 2013
PPACA’s impact on part-timers likely overblown
LifeHealthPro, May 7, 2013
Brown, Democrats wrangle over Medicaid expansion
San Diego Union Tribune, May 5, 2013

Black Workers

How public sector layoffs add to the racial income gap
MSNBC, March 19, 2014
Labor long intertwined with civil rights
USA Today, February 25, 2014
Without Unemployment Benefits Extension, Blacks Continue to Feel Pain
Atlanta Black Star, January 15, 2014
Illinois Pension Debate Overlooks Role of Public-Sector Jobs in Sustaining the Middle Class
Chicago Now (blog), November 7, 2013
Steven Pitts: Digging Deeper Roots
GRITtv, September 30, 2013
Black workers embody the new low-wage economy
Aljazeera America, September 12, 2013
AFL-CIO Convention Delegates Condemn Mass Incarceration of People of Color
AFL-CIO NOW, September 9, 2013
Los Angeles Black Worker Center to Hold First-Ever L.A. Workers Congress Before AFL-CIO 2013 Convention
AFL-CIO NOW blog, September 4, 2013
Labor unions were key in making march a success
USA Today, August 19, 2013
Less White and Less Male: Labor Movement Finds New Support
MSNBC, July 3, 2013
Taking Jobs from Blacks? Not so Much
Jackson Free Press, June 26, 2013
Michigan’s black unemployment rate much higher than white rate, but why?
MLive, May 20, 2013
Addressing the Black Job Crisis
Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity, May 20, 2013
Rate of Union Membership Greater for Blacks
Black Voice News, May 14, 2013

Green Jobs

For-Profit Programs Fill Gap in High Tech Job Training 
KQED, California Report, March 18, 2014
For Youth, Green Jobs Still a Good Start
New America Media, September 27, 2013
UC Berkeley to oversee statewide green job training initiative
The Daily Californian, June 23, 2013
UC Berkeley to Guide Job-Training Reboot for Green Economy
UC Berkeley NewsCenter, June 17, 2013
UC Berkeley to help overhaul green job training for public utilities
San Francisco Business Times, June 17, 2013
Jobs and training for California's workforce: UC Berkeley's Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy examines Prop 39
Sustainable Industries, May 27, 2013


Retailer Sandblasting Bans Have Changed Little in the Garment Industry
San Jose Mercury News, October 28, 2013
A Wave of Sewing Jobs as Orders Pile Up at U.S. Factories
New York Times, September 29, 2013
American Taste for Cheap Clothes Fed Bangladesh Boom
Wall Street Journal, May 12, 2013
Fast Fashion, Cheap Clothes and the Bangladesh Disaster
KQED Forum, May 6, 2013
After Bangladesh factory collapse, Western labor groups struggle for solutions
San Jose Mercury News, May 5, 2013


Poll: Bay Area residents support ban on public transit strikes
San Jose Mercury News, December 13, 2013
BART Board Approves Contracts, Rejects Family Leave
NBC Bay Area, November 21, 2013
BART Strike Ends
KQED Forum, October 22, 2013
Trains in San Francisco Keep Running as Labor Talks Back On
Reuters, October 16, 2013
Union leader says he won't back down to BART
San Jose Mercury News, July 16, 2013
No deal reached yet in SF Bay Area transit talks
SFGate, July 4, 2013
SF Bay Area Rapid Transit Bargaining Talks Resume
Time, July 3, 2013
BART Strike: Another Instance of Media Portraying Workers as Greedy
The Nation blog, July 2, 2013
What's Behind the BART Strike?
Mother Jones, July 1, 2013

Retirement Security

Pension Cutters Bet Against Prosperity
Capital & Main, January 22, 2014
The Truth About California's Pension Slashers
Huffington Post, November 26, 2013
A state-run retirement plan for private sector?, May 28, 2013


Domestic Workers Happy About Bill Requiring Overtime Pay
KTVU, September 27, 2013
Flexibility or Servitude? Britain Debates 'Zero-Hours' Contracts
Bloomberg Businessweek, August 6, 2013

California Public Employee Relations

CPER Pocket GuidesIn the past year, CPER has continued to publish new titles and new editions in our popular Pocket Guide Series covering public sector labor relations.

New titles...bringing our series up to 23 publications:
Pocket Guide to Factfinding (1st edition, 2013) by M. Carol Stevens, Janae Novotny, and Janet Cory Sommer. This new title covers the statutory requirements, recommends best practices, and provides the practical basics of factfinding.

Pocket Guide to the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act (1st edition, 2013) by Kerianne Steele. The far-reaching act, which took effect on January 1, 2013, radically transforms public employee pensions. PEPRA applies to all state and local public retirement systems, and to their participating employers. Exempt are the UC Retirement Plan and charter-based retirement systems, which are not governed by state statute.

New editions:
Pocket Guide to Unfair Practices: California Public Sector (5th edition, 2013) by Carol Vendrillo and Eric Borgerson. This booklet defines conduct that is prohibited and explains enforcement under the seven primary statutes that regulate public employment in California.

Pocket Guide to Workers’ Compensation in California: Public and Private Sectors (2nd edition, 2014) by Juliann Sum, updated by John Holstedt.  Reflecting the major changes to the law in 2013, the new edition provides an overview of workers' compensation law and procedure, a brief history of the law, and a summary of citations to applicable statutes, regulations, and precedent cases.

Pocket Guide to the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (15th edition, 2014) by Bonnie Bogue et al., updated by Timothy G. Yeung. The book provides an easy-to-use, up-to-date resource for those who need the MMBA in a nutshell. It’s a quick guide through the tangle of cases affecting local government employee relations and includes the full text of act, a glossary, table of cases, and index of terms.

Pocket Guide to the Public Safety Officers’ Procedural Bill of Rights Act (15th edition, 2014) by Cecil Marr and Diane Marchant, updated by Chris Gaspard, Dieter Dammeier, and Richard Kreisler. Our best-seller, known statewide as the definitive guide to the rights and obligations established by the act covering peace officer discipline.

CPER also updated all titles in our layoff rules series for public schools:

Pocket Guide to Layoff Rules Affecting Certificated Employees (February 2014), by Dale Brodsky.  Important information for certificated employees and their employers who are facing or contemplating layoffs. Chapters cover permissive grounds for layoff; employees subject to layoff procedures; timing and process; selections for layoff; preferred right of reemployment; status during layoff; return to work after layoff; and dismissal and non-reelection during layoff.  Also included are pertinent Education Code citations.

Pocket Guide to Layoff Rules Affecting Classified Employees (February 2014), by Carol Vendrillo. For classified employees and public school employers, this guide covers legitimate reasons for layoff; notice requirements; collective bargaining rights; seniority; computing and exercising seniority; reemployment rights; and options in lieu of layoff. Also included are pertinent Education Code citations.

Pocket Guide to Layoff Rules Affecting Community College Faculty (February 2014), by Carmen Plaza de Jennings and Jayne Benz Chipman. A straightforward, concise, and practical review of the complex statutory requirements that govern faculty layoffs. The guide includes a quick-reference to all relevant Education Code sections regarding the layoff process and clearly explains: permitted grounds for initiating a layoff of faculty for decline in average daily attendance (ADA), or reduction or faculty layoffs; and reinstatement rights and obligations for both districts and faculty.

Coming this summer:
Pocket Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act (3rd edition)
Pocket Guide to the Firefighters’ Procedural Bill of Rights Act (3rd edition)

All guides in the Pocket Guide series are described and can be ordered at

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

CSCCEThe Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE, continues to conduct cutting-edge research and propose policy solutions aimed at improving how our nation prepares, supports, and rewards the early care and education workforce to ensure young children’s optimal development.  Our work focuses on four areas:

  • Access to Education – To encourage continuous growth and learning among the early care and education workforce, we recommend revamping the content of higher education programs, expanding services and supports for success in higher education, and increasing support for on-going learning on the job.
    • To advance this work, CSCCE has developed the Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory (Inventory), to assist policymakers and other stakeholders in developing a more coordinated and comprehensive professional development system for the early care and education workforce.  The Inventory provides a mechanism for states to establish a baseline description of higher education offerings for early care and education practitioners, identify gaps and opportunities in the available offerings, assess variation in early childhood higher education programs, and assess changes in the capacity of the higher education system over time.
    • In 2013/2014 the Inventory was conducted in California; over 100 institutions and 380 faculty members participated. CSCCE has worked with states that have previously completed the Inventory, to develop policies to better support the ECE workforce. CSCCE has also been exploring how the Inventory can be used to support planning for President Obama’s universal preschool initiative.
  • Rewarding Environment – To attract and retain competent and able employees, we need a national commitment to increase compensation, improve adult work environments, and support on-going learning for our early care and education workforce.
    • To advance this work the CSCCE developed the Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning (SEQUAL). SEQUAL is a tool designed to measure early childhood teachers’ perceptions about the adult learning environment in center-based early care and education programs.  It focuses on how ECE programs support teachers’ professional growth, learning, and well-being, and identifies components of the workplace that enable teachers to continue to develop their knowledge and skills on the job.
    • CSCCE conducted two SEQUAL validation studies involving 102 centers and more than 800 teaching staff in four states.
  • Workforce Information – We support a strong investment in the development and expansion of reliable data on the early care and education workforce to help identify challenges, track progress, and guide sound policies and investments that lead to a skilled and stable workforce.
    • To advance this work, CSCCE is a member of the Early Childhood Data Collaborative (ECDC), a partnership of seven national organizations that support state policymakers’ development and use of data systems to improve early care and education programs and child outcomes. The ECDC seeks to build partnerships focused on improving early childhood data systems, offer resources on the development and use of comprehensive, longitudinal data, and provide transparency around states’ implementation and use of data systems.
  • Leadership Development – Leaders can empower others to make early education more accessible, equitable, and effective for children. Federal resources and policies are critical to developing and supporting diverse leaders who work within and beyond the classroom to transform and improve early learning environments.
    • It is critical for today’s leaders to be able to navigate complex policies and political terrain in their efforts to improve the quality of ECE services. To advance this work, CSCCE has continued to distribute its publication, Leadership in early childhood education: A curriculum for emerging and established agents of change and develop strategies to deliver leadership training in a variety of settings.

Grants for the 2013/2014 year:

  • Birth to Five Policy Alliance
    • Building Leadership and Workforce Data Systems: Measuring Progress Towards Quality
  • David and Lucile Packard Foundation
    • Research and Policy Activities on the Early Care and Education Workforce
    • Designing 21st Century Higher Education Programs for Early Care and Education Practitioners
  • Heising-Simons Foundation
    • Making Math Count: Improving the Capacity of California’s Early Care and Education Workforce to Teach Math
  • Los Angeles County Children & Families (First 5 LA)
    • LAUP Workforce Initiative Evaluation
  • W. Clement & Jessie V. Stone Foundation
    • No Single Ingredient: The Complexity of Effective Early Childhood Teacher Preparation

 Selected CSCCE presentations for the 2013/2014 academic year:

CSCCE Director, Marcy Whitebook, presented at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science on February 28th, 2014. She participated in a public session for the Committee of the Science of Children Birth to 8: Deepening and Broadening the Foundation for Success. The committee was tasked with conducting a study and preparing a consensus report on how the science of children’s health, learning and development can inform how we prepare a workforce to seamlessly support children from birth through age 8.

CSCCE Specialist Lea Austin and Fran Kipnis, along with Director Marcy Whitebook presented a webinar, Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory: Taking Stock of the States, hosted by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families on March 4th, 2014.

CSCCE staff presented a webinar with the BUILD initiative, Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning (SEQUAL): A New Tool for Program Improvement on April 16th, 2014

  • Whitebook, M., & Ryan, S. (March 2014). Five Things to Know About SEQUAL: The Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning Tool, Excellence in Early Years Education Australian Collaborative Research Network, Brisbane, Australia.
  • Whitebook, M. & Kipnis, F. (June 2013) NAEYC Pre-Professional Development Institute Summit - Workforce Data Systems: Data about the workforce, from the workforce and for the workforce. Federal Data Systems. San Francisco, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. & Ryan, S. (June 2013) Teachers at their best: A new tool to assess and improve how early childhood program support effective practice and ongoing development. National Institute for Professional Development, National Association for the Education of Young Children. San Francisco, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. & Bellm, D. (June 2013) Supporting Teachers as Learners: Mentoring in Early Care and Education. National Institute for Professional Development, National Association for the Education of Young Children. San Francisco, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. & Kipnis, F. (June, 2013) Access to Quality: Early Learning for California Preschoolers in Subsidized Licensed Exempt Settings. California Department of Education, Child Development Division, Sacramento, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. (June 2013). CSCCE MEASURES. National Association of Early Childhood Specialists in State Departments of Education. San Francisco, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. (July 2013) An Early Childhood Workforce for the 21st Century. Transatlantic Forum for Early Childhood. New York, NY.
  • Whitebook, M., Kipnis, F., & Austin, L.  (September 2013). No Single Ingredient: Supporting the Early Childhood Education Workforce. Webinar for the Child Care State Systems Specialist Network/Office of Child Care, Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
  • Whitebook, M. (October 2013) From Aspiration to Attainment - Practices that Support Educational Success: LAUP’s Child Development Workforce Initiative. Webinar for First Five LA & Los Angeles Universal Preschool Workforce Collaborative. Los Angeles, CA.
  • Whitebook, M. (October 2013) Supporting Teachers as Learners: The Importance of Mentoring.  Webinar for the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, Department of Child and Family Studies.
  • Whitebook, M., Dodge, D., Lombardi, J., & Young, M. (November 2013) Reflections on advocacy for high-quality early childhood education over the last 50 years and implications for the future. NAEYC Conference. Washington DC.
  • Whitebook, M., & Austin, L. (December 2013). From Aspiration to Attainment - Practices that Support Educational Success: LAUP’s Child Development Workforce Initiative. Zero to Three Webinar.
  • Whitebook, M. (March 2014). ECE Workshop Research: A Forty Year Perspective. Excellence in Early Years Education, Australian Collaborative Research Network, Collaborative Research Network, Sturt University, New South Wales.

CSCCE Publications for the 2013/2014 academic year:


Whitebook, M. & Kipnis, F. (2013). Access to Quality: Early Learning for California Preschoolers in SubsidizedLlicense-exempt settings. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California at Berkeley.

Austin, L.J.E., Kipnis, F., Sakai, L., Whitebook, M., & Ryan, S. (2013). The State of Early Childhood Higher Education in Rhode Island: The Rhode Island Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California at Berkeley.

Kipnis, F., Austin, L. J.E., Sakai, L., Whitebook, M., & Ryan, S. (2013). The State of Early Childhood Higher Education in New Hampshire: The New Hampshire Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California at Berkeley.

Kipnis, F., Whitebook, M., Austin, L., & Sakai, L. (May 2013). The State of Early Childhood Higher Education in New Jersey: The New Jersey Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California at Berkeley.

Whitebook, M., & Bellm, D. (2013) Supporting Teachers as Learners: A Guide for Mentors and Coaches in Early Care and Education. Washington, DC: American Federation of Teachers.

Whitebook, M., Schaack, D., Kipnis, F., Austin, L., & Sakai, L. (2013). From aspiration to attainment: Practices that support educational success, Los Angeles Universal Preschool’s Child Development Workforce Initiative. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, University of California, Berkeley.


Whitebook, M., & Darrah, R. (2013). Rights, raises, and respect for early childhood teachers: A four-decade perspective. Rights and Respect for Teachers. Exchange July/August 2013. Retrieved from

Whitebook, M. (February 2014). The Debate About Paying for Preschool is a Debate About Income Inequality. New York Times, letter to the editor.

Whitebook, M. (March 2014). Adult Learning Environments and Teacher Practice. Interactions Matter: The Teachstone Blog.

Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics


Presentations by CWED Co-Chair Sylvia Allegretto

  • Presentation on inequality at the 34th annual person of the year celebration that honored D. Taylor from the Culinary Union. The event was sponsored by the Western States Issue Education Fund, Inc. on October 10, 2013 in San Diego.
  • “The reason they call it the American Dream is because you have to be asleep to believe it.” The title is a quote from comedian George Carlin. This presentation was given on several occasions: March 11, 2014 at UCLAs Hammer Forum, March 18, 2014 at Reclaiming the Promise American Federation of Teachers Collective Bargaining Conference in Orlando Florida and March 24, 2014 at the Quality Public Education Forum held in Santa Cruz.
  • Testimony:  On March 31, 2014 Sylvia Allegretto presented testimony at a hearing on HR1010—the Harkin-Miller bill that would increase the federal minimum wage to $10.10—in Richmond, California. U.S. Senator George Miller was in attendance.
  • Presentation: “Inequality-in not so pretty pictures” at the California Budget Project’s annual conference held in Sacramento on March 6, 2014.
  • The U.S. Department of Labor held a conference in Washington DC on November 15, 2013 to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Fair Labor Standards Act where Sylvia Allegretto presented ‘Waiting for change: The two tiered wage system’ which supports an increase in the 23 year old  federal subminimum wage of $2.13 received by tipped workers.
  • Presentation: “Inequality: Public Enemy #1” presentation. AFSCME Council 57 2013 leadership conference on September 27, 2013 in San Jose.


Presentations by Annette Bernhardt, CWED Researcher

  • “Labor Standards and the Reorganization of Work: Gaps in Data and Research.” Presented at the Berkeley Sociology Department and the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Colloquium, UC Berkeley, March/April 2014.
  • “FLSA and the Reorganization of Work.”  Presented at 75 Years of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  US Department of Labor, Washington DC, November 2013.
  • “Tipping Toward Justice: Plan of Action.” Presented at Working for Change: Low-Wage Earners at the Tipping Point, UC Berkeley Law School, October 2013.
  • “Outsourced Jobs: Numbers and Quality.” Presented at the Outsourced Work: Insourcing Responsibility conference, National Employment Law Project, Washington DC, May 2014.
  • “Dignified Work.”  Presented at the Leap Forward Conference 2014, SEIU United Service Workers West, Los Angeles, CA, February 2014.

Recent Publications of Sylvia Allegretto and CWED Researcher Annette Bernhardt

“All Work and No Pay: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America’s Biggest Cities.” Annette Bernhardt, Michael Spiller and Diana Polson. 2013. Social Forces doi: 10.1093/sf/sos193.

“Employers Gone Rogue: Explaining Industry Variation in Violations of Workplace Laws.” 2013. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 66(4). (With Michael Spiller and Nik Theodore).

Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-Wage Jobs in the Fast-Food Industry.” Arindrajit Dube and Sylvia Allegretto.

To Work with Dignity: The Unfinished March toward a Decent Minimum Wage.” Sylvia Allegretto and Steven Pitts.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

IRLE Web Statistics Take a Big Leap

The Library oversees Web administration for IRLE, and is actively involved with all program units. The Web’s exposure has consistently grown since its inception, but during 2013-14 traffic more than doubled on the site. Two principal drivers of this growth were 1) the National Health Care Calculator (see below), and 2) the numerous wage studies that IRLE researchers have produced in recent years. Summary statistics illustrating growth follow below.

Academic Year

Unique Visitors



















*Cutoff date for traffic is May 5, 2014


The Library Hosts a Massively Open Online Course (MOOC)

On Thursday, February 6th, the IRLE Library will be the site where four faculty members will teach modules of a “Massively Open Online Course” (MOOC). The interviewees are Emmanuel Saez, David Harding, Arlie Hochschild and Ann Stevens (UC Davis).  The course is a project of the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality and will viewable by anyone with Web access when it is completed. The Library will be closed to the public on February 6th.

Labor Center-Library Collaboration:  The National Health Care Calculator

The National Health Care Calculator is a joint effort of Labor Center researchers and the IRLE Library Web Team, which was licensed to the Regents in late spring of 2013. Since then, it has been acquired by the following states for their health benefit exchange networks. In addition it has been acquired on a fee basis by three private medical plans.

Modified Versions:

  •, a website created by The California Endowment
  • CaliforniaHealth+
  • Univision
  • Telemundo
  • La Opinion

Digital Milestone: Book and Web Citations in Industrial Relations

In 1993, the Library started listing recent publications it has acquired along with brief reviews of Internet resources in Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society. At the end of 2013, book entries in this popular column exceeded 5,000, while select Internet reviews surpassed 3,500.  New authors often request to be added to the column, and the books and online resources cited are indexed in a number of databases including the Wiley Online Library. We are pleased to continue this useful service due to popular demand.

IRLE LibraryReserve Reading: A Growing Library Service

For the past 3 years the Library has seen steady growth in 2 hour reserve readings. During spring 2014 the list of classes with reserve reading at IRLE exceeded 45, and the total number of books on reserve topped 55.  Library staff take an active role of asking if a book is on reserve when it appears to receive demand. By doing so, the entire class gains a chance to copy or scan chapters and articles as needed. This has been a surprising trend that has also boosted use of the Library Commons.

IRLE Librarian Serves as Chair of the Affiliated Libraries Administrative Group (TALAG)

Terry Huwe has been named chair of TALAG for a two year term. The Affiliated Libraries of the University of California, Berkeley campus (of which IRLE is one) are distinctive in that the libraries report to deans, directors or chairs of campus organizations that are not within the University Library’s direct reporting structure. TALAG works very closely with the library administration to coordinate library services across campus, and the group meets periodically with the University Librarian. Terry also serves on the University Library’s Social Science Council and Cataloging and Metadata Council.

Publications of IRLE Librarian

“Digital Publishing: The Next Library Skill.”  Online Searcher Vol. 37, No 5

“Digital Publishing from the Library: A New Core Competency.” Journal of Web Librarianship Vol. 7,
No.  2

Building Digital Libraries Column, Computers in Libraries

This column addresses the emerging technologies, policy issues and strategic planning associated with digital library development.

“Know the Insiders to Advance Library Services.”  Computers in Libraries Vol. 34, No. 3
E-Resources and the "User Journey." May 14 Computers in Libraries Vol. 34, No. 4
Our Users are Our Allies. Computers in Libraries Vol. 34, No. 1
Massively Open Technologies Coming Our Way. Computers in Libraries Vol. 33, No. 10
Digital Publishing: The Library's New Collaborative Frontier Computers in Libraries Vol. 33, No. 9
The "Social Life" of Digital Collections. Computers in Libraries Vol. 33, No. 8

Publishers and Librarians in Dialogue, Part II:  Notes from a North American Customer Advisory Board.  Computers in Libraries Vol. 33, No. 7


Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy

Contract: Strategic Planning on Workforce for the Investor-Owned Utilities 
On May 2, 2014, the UC Berkeley Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy released Workforce Issues and Energy Efficiency Programs: A Guidance Plan for California’s Utilities. California’s Investor-Owned Utilities (IOUs), directed by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), administer the great majority of the state’s energy efficiency (EE) and other demand-side incentives and rebate programs. The IOUs hired the Donald Vial Center to develop a comprehensive plan to address workforce issues in the IOU EE programs. The Guidance Planrecommends interventions to influence both the demand for and the supply of skilled labor, in order to address the state’s energy savings and workforce goals. The report also suggests a plan for statewide policy coordination on EE workforce standards, and for incorporating ongoing advice and engagement from the state’s leading experts on energy efficiency and workforce development.

The Plan recommends incorporating a set of contractor and workforce standards into the program requirements for the IOU EE incentive programs. These requirements can help ensure that ratepayer-subsidized EE measures are properly installed, operated, and maintained, so that the energy savings potential from ratepayer subsidies is fully realized. Such requirements also send a signal to the state’s training institutions to develop or update curriculum in order to provide workers with necessary skills. They further provide an opportunity to create strong career pathways for disadvantaged workers to advance into good career pathways in EE-related work through targeted hiring requirements and other mechanisms. In addition to recommendations on standards, the report includes guidance for the improving efficacy of the IOUs’ investments in training by leveraging the state’s workforce institutions. The Donald Vial Center began work on the Guidance Plan in May 2013. The team, led by Carol Zabin, also included nationally recognized workforce development experts the Career Ladders Project and Estolano LeSar Perez Advisors, among others. The report will be available on the Donald Vial Center’s website the week of 5/5/14. Please contact Carol Zabin ( or Jessie Halpern-Finnerty ( with any questions.

Proposition 39 Implementation
The Don Vial Center worked with the California Labor and Workforce Development Agency and the California Energy Commission to provide research and technical assistance to implement jobs and workforce reporting requirements for Proposition 39-funded projects. Proposition 39 allocates up to $2.5 billion over five years for energy efficiency and clean energy projects in California’s K-12 public schools and community colleges. This includes $3 million to the California Workforce Investment Board for workforce training grants in energy efficiency and clean energy.

CA Workforce State Workforce Investment Board and Green Collar Jobs Council
Carol Zabin, Green Collar Jobs Council (GCJC) chair and California Workforce Investment Board appointee, led the GCJC’s work to develop a framework for the jobs and workforce development program elements that should be implemented for state investments in energy efficiency, clean energy and carbon reduction. The GCJC recommends that state agencies and decision makers adopt and implement these program elements to support successful implementation of state programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and ensure the best possible jobs and workforce development outcomes from these public investments.

BlueGreen Alliance Foundation Award
Carol Zabin was honored at the BlueGreen Alliance Foundation’s “Right Stuff Awards Dinner” on October 17, 2013. The Right Stuff Awards Dinner honors government, business, environmental, labor and community leaders who exemplify the BlueGreen Alliance’s mission to promote a sustainable environment and economy. Honorees are distinguished leaders who work to address the critical necessity of preparing our nation’s most basic infrastructure systems for the impacts of climate change.

Support for Emerald Cities Collaborative 
The Don Vial Center is assisting the Emerald Cities Collaborative (ECC) in implementing a high-road energy efficiency retrofit initiative in LA County. ECC is leading implementation of the Los Angeles County Office of Sustainability's program to retrofit LA County Buildings to zero net standards, and to scale this work throughout southern California via the ratepayer-funded Southern California Regional Energy Network (SoCalREN). ECC has organized pre-qualification training for local contractors, and is developing a working partnership with labor, community, and business sectors to discuss how to carry out this program most effectively. The Don Vial Center is providing technical assistance and will be completing a case study on the initiative.

Clean Energy Working Group
The green jobs team continues to convene a working group on job quality and job access in California's energy efficiency and clean energy sectors. The working group includes labor, community, and environmental stakeholders from the California Construction Industry Labor Management Cooperation Trust, SMART, IBEW, Working Partnerships USA, the BlueGreen Alliance, the Greenlining Institute, Natural Resources Defense Council, and other groups. The working group provides a forum to develop and coordinate strategies to ensure good jobs and workforce development outcomes from the state's major energy investments including Proposition 39, cap-and-trade auction revenue, and the California Public Utilities Commission energy efficiency funds.