May/ June 2013 (No. 65)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Dick Walker

In This Issue:

Letter from the IRLE Director: The Year in Review

IRLE Highlights
IRLE Colloquium Series, 2012-2013
Conference: What Future for Jobs and Manufacturing
Evelyn Nakano Glenn is a KQED 2013 Asian Pacific American Local Hero
Visiting Scholars
Working Papers
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
IRLE Faculty Grant Recipients

IRLE Programs
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics (CWED)
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events


Letter from the IRLE Director: The Year in Review

Michael Reich

Dear IRLE Community and Friends:

This special issue of IRLE eNews offers a look back over the academic year’s activity. Once again, IRLE programs grew in scope and reach and faculty involvement and activity has also grown.

IRLE hosted an unusually large number of well-attended weekly seminars, a record number of visiting scholars, a high-profile conference on the future of manufacturing and jobs, and several faculty-organized conference and events. Professor Irene Bloemraad (Sociology) collaborated with UC Davis professor Phil Martin on a workshop that showcased doctoral student research focusing on immigration issues. Professor Neil Fligstein (Sociology) organized a conference on the sociology of financialization–a high relevant issue in this post Great Recession era.

Our centers and faculty continued to increase IRLE’s portfolio of sponsored research, reaching more than $6 million during 2012-13. The Labor Center forged a research partnership with Covered California, the state’s state new health insurance exchange, launched under the Affordable Care Act. Katie Quan further developed our collaborative educational program with Sun Yat Sen University in China.  Carol Zabin continued her work on green jobs and garnered an appointment to the state’s Workforce Investment Board.  CLRE also launched the new Food Labor Research Center, headed by Saru Jayaraman.

California Public Employee Relations is entering a phase of self-review. While its pocket guide program continues to generate strong sales, CPER is suspending publication of its journal and will instead publish on its web site the decisions and activity reports of the Public Employee Review Board.

The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment continues to build its research agenda at both the state and national levels. The Labor Project for Working Families will merge with Families at Work, a nationwide group headquartered in Washington, DC. Long-time director Netsy Firestein will be stepping down, but will surely stay active in our community.

The IRLE Library extended the reach of its Web administration responsibilities, particularly with respect to the popular Health Care Calculator. Overall traffic on IRLE Web sites continues to grow, with “hits” now exceeding four million per year.

Our academic journal, Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society enjoyed a dynamic year under the leadership of Steven Raphael (Goldman School of Public Policy) and Kitt Carpenter (Economics, UC Irvine).

In his State of the Union message, President Obama advanced the idea of raising the federal minimum wage, citing research conducted by Sylvia Allegretto and myself at IRLE’s Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics.  As a result, IRLE received considerable media attention.  CWED and the Labor Center collaborated on a new research volume, When Mandates Work, edited by Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs and Miranda Dietz, to be published early next year by the University of California Press.

My special thanks go to Hadidjah Rivera and the IRLE staff, without whom none of our programs would be able to function at such a high level.

Finally, I will be on sabbatical leave from Director duty beginning July 1, 2013, returning on January 1, 2014. I am delighted to report that Jesse Rothstein of the Goldman School of Public Policy will serve as Acting Director during that time.

Warm Regards,

Michael Reich
Professor of Economics and Director, IRLE


IRLE Highlights

IRLE Colloquium Series, 2012-13

Fall 2012 Colloquia

September 17, 2012
‘Cultural Effects on Employee Loyalty in Japan and the U. S.: Individual or Organization Level?’
James Lincoln, Professor, Haas School of Business

September 24, 2012
‘Did the 2007 Legal Arizona Workers Act Reduce the State’s Unauthorized Immigrant Population?’
Steve Raphael, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley

October 1, 2012
‘Specialization in the German Automobile Industry?  A Roll-Back to Rigid Organizations?’
Renate Neubäumer, Institute for Social Sciences, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Germany

October 8, 2012
‘Impacts of Unionization of Nursing Homes on Employment, Product Quality and Productivity’
Aaron Sojourner, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota

October 15, 2012
‘Immigration and Redistributive Social Policy:  Disenfranchisement, Threat or Fractionalization?’
Irene Bloemraad, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

October 22, 2012
‘Do Blacks Help Less?’
Sandra Susan Smith, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley
Coauthor, Kara Alexis Young

November 2, 2011
"Class Into Politics? Political Articulation in the U.S. and Canada, 1932-1948"
Barry Eidlin, Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

November 19, 2012
‘Increases in Earnings Dispersion Across Establishments and Individuals in the U.S.’
Richard Freeman, Economics, Harvard University

Spring 2013 Colloquia

January 28, 2013
‘Low Wage Work and Minimum Wages in Germany’
Gerhard Bosch, University Duisburg-Essen, Director of the Institute for Work, Skills and Training

February 4, 2013
‘Are Flexible Workers More Insecure? An Integrated Approach Based on Micro-data’
Matteo Richiardi, University of Turin, Italy

February 11, 2013
‘San Francisco’s Paid Sick Leave Ordinance: Employers’ and Workers’ Views of Its Impact’
Vicky Lovell, Institute for Women's Policy Research

February 25, 2013
‘Enforcement of Labor Standards’
Miranda Dietz, CLRE (Center for Labor Research & Education), IRLE

March 11, 2013
‘When Employers Go Rogue: Unregulated Work and Policies to Raise Standards in the US Labor Market’
Annette Bernhardt, NELP (National Employment Law Project

March 18, 2013
‘The Structure of Hiring Costs in Germany - Evidence from Firm-level Data’
Samuel Muehlemann, Economics, University of Berne

April 1, 2013
‘Apprentice Pay in Metalworking in Britain, Germany and Switzerland: Institutions, Market Forces and Market Power’
Paul Ryan, Economics, University of Cambridge

April 15, 2013
‘Political Parties and Labor Market Outcomes. Evidence from U.S. States’
Louis-Philippe Beland, Economics, University of Montreal, Canada

April 22, 2013
‘Health and Happiness in Wealthy Democracies: A Comparative Analysis’
Jerome Karabel, Sociology, UC Berkeley

April 29, 2013
‘From Publication to Public Action: Lessons learned from the Berkeley Center for Green Chemistry’
Michael Wilson, Labor Occupational Health Program, School of Public Health


What Future for Jobs and Manufacturing?

IRLE hosted an invitation-only conference that focused on the many aspects of manufacturing employment both within the United States and abroad. The event was co-sponsored by the Global Metropolitan Studies Center.

Conference Program
(Friday, November 16, 2012)

Morning Session: 9:30 – 11:30 am
The State of Manufacturing in the U.S. and Abroad
Chair: Michael Reich (UCB)
Panelists: Gerhard Bosch (IAQ-Germany), David Dornfeld (UCB), Rob Scott (EPI), Steve Vogel (UCB)

KEYNOTE SPEAKER: 12:15 – 12:45 pm — What Role for Manufacturing in Restoring Full Employment?
— Richard Freeman (Harvard)

Early Afternoon Session: 1:00 – 3:00 pm
Manufacturing, Services and Job Creation
Chair: Ashok Bardhan (UCB)
Panelists: Gordon Hanson (UCSD), Harry Holzer (Public Policy Institute), Susan Houseman (Upjohn Institute), Enrico Moretti (UCB)

Late Afternoon Session: 3:30 – 5:30 pm
Innovation and Manufacturing
Chair: Clair Brown (UCB)
Panelists: Suzanne Berger (MIT), Fred Block (UCD), Stephen Ezell (ITIF), Tim Sturgeon (MIT)

Evening Session: 6:30 – 8:30 pm
What Hope for Industrial Policy?
Chair: Richard Walker (UCB)
Panelists: David Card (UCB), Ralph Gomory (Sloan Foundation), Thea Lee (AFL-CIO)


Evelyn Nakano Glenn is a KQED 2013 Asian Pacific American Local Hero

IRLE Faculty Affiliate Evelyn Nakano Glenn has been recognized for her work by KQED. The KQED Web site gives the following summation of her work and its impact:

“Evelyn Nakano Glenn is one of the country's leading sociologists, and her scholarship on the intersectionality of race, gender, citizenship and labor is groundbreaking. She is a professor of gender and women's studies and ethnic studies and the founding director of the Center for Race & Gender at the University of California, Berkeley. Her books include Forced to Care: Coercion and Caregiving in America; Unequal Freedom: How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor; and Issei, Nisei, Warbride: Three Generations of Japanese American Women in Domestic Service.”


Visiting Scholars 2012-2013

IRLE continues to attract scholars for extended stay at UC Berkeley from all over the world. For a brief description of the 2012-13 visiting scholars research interests, please see the IRLE Web at

Visiting Scholars

  1. Louis Philippe Beland – Canada
  2. Gerhard Bosch – Germany
  3. Arindrajit Dube – USA
  4. Ellen Friedman – USA
  5. Anna Godoy – Norway
  6. Murat G. Kirdar – Turkey
  7. Toshiro Kita – Japan
  8. David Kiss – Germany
  9. Genevieve LeBaron – Canada
  10. Marco Leonardi – Italy
  11. John Logan – USA
  12. Marcelo Medeiros – Brazil/li>
  13. Steffen Mueller – Germany
  14. Renate Neubaumer – Germany
  15. Philippe Pochet – Belgium
  16. Lauro Ramos – Brazil
  17. Ayse Pelin Richiardi – Switzerland
  18. Paul Ryan – UK
  19. Kevin Schnepel – USA
  20. Andreas Steinhauer – Switzerland
  21. Giovanni Sulis – Italy
  22. Alex Whalley – USA
  23. Michael Zibrowius – Germany
  24. Andrew Xianzhou Zhao – China/li>


IRLE Working Papers, 2012-12

Working papers may be downloaded from the eScholarship Repository, or from the IRLE Web at the following addresses:

So Goes the Nation? A preliminary report on how immigration is reshaping the identities of workers in Californiay
Working Paper No. 147-13, May 2013
Kim Voss and Fabiana Silva

Battle of the (Same) Sexes: How We Take Advantage of Presumed Trust from Same-Gender Others and Rationalize to the Contrary
Working Paper No. 146-13, May 2013
Alex Van Sant and Laura Kray

Consensus and Contribution: Shared Status Hierarchies Promote Group Success
Working Paper No. 145-13, May 2013
Gavin Kilduff, Cameron Anderson and Rob Willer

National Diversity Under Pressure: Group Composition and Expedition Success in Himalayan Mountaineering
Working Paper No. 144-13,  April 2013
Eliot Sherman and Jennifer Chatman

Narcissistic CEOs and Executive Compensation
Working Paper No. 143-13, March 2013
Charles O'Reilly, Bernadette Doerr, David Caldwell, and Jennifer Chatman

Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: A 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
Working Paper No. 142-13, March 2013
Paul Gertler, James Heckman, Rodrigo Pinto, Arianna Zanolini, Christel Vermeerch, Susan Walker, Susan M. Chang and Sally Grantham-McGregor

How Reputation Transfers Across Categorical Boundaries
Working Paper No. 141-13, February 2013
Ming Leung and Weiyi Ng

Using Performance Incentives to Improve Medical Care Productivity and Health Outcomes
Working Paper No. 140-13, February 2013
Paul Gertler and Christel Vermeerch

Why Blue-Collar Blacks Help Less
Working Paper No. 139-13, February 2013
Sandra Smith and Kara Young

“Keep Government Out of My Medicare”: The Elusive Search for Popular Support of Taxes and Social Spending
Working Paper No. 138-12, December 2012
Gillian Lester

An Exceptional Nation? American Political Values in Comparative Perspective
Working Paper No. 136-12, December 2012
Jerome Karabel and Daniel Laurison

Prices Matter: Comparing Two Tests of Adverse Selection in Health Insurance
Working Paper No. 135-12, December 2012
Rachel Polimeni and David Levine

The Rising Strength of Management, High Unemployment and Slow Growth: Revisiting Okun’s Law
Working Paper No. 134-12, November 2012
Michael Reich

The Transformation of Mortgage Finance and the Industrial Roots of the Mortgage Meltdown
Working Paper No. 133-12, October 2012
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein

Sucker Punched by the Invisible Hand
Working Paper No. 132-12, September 2012
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein

Teacher Quality Policy When Supply Matters
Working Paper No. 129-12, September 2012
Jesse Rothstein

The Emergence of a Finance Culture in American Households
Working Paper No. 131-12, August 2012
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein

The Psychological Basis of Quality Decision Making
Working Paper No. 128-12, August 2012
Charlan Jeanne Nemeth

Consequences of Beliefs about the Malleability of Creativity
Working Paper No. 127-12, August 2012
Alexander O'Connor, Charlan Nemeth and Satoshi Akutsu

Why Weak Ties' Help and Strong Ties' Don't: Reconsidering Why Tie Strength Matters
Working Paper No. 137-12, July 2012
Sandra Susan Smith

Who is Willing to Sacrifice Sacred Values for Money and Social Status? Gender Differences in Reactions to Taboo Trade-offs
Working Paper No. 124-12, July 2012
Jessica Kennedy and Laura Kray


Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society

Volume 52, No 3 July 2013. The journal may be accessed (licensing arrangement required) from Wiley Publishing:

Steve RaphaelArticles and Abstracts

Collective Bargaining and Faculty Job Satisfaction

Estimates of the impact of union membership on job satisfaction suffer from non-random self-selection into unions. In this paper we circumvent this by examining the impact on satisfaction of collective bargaining representation, rather than of union membership. A two-stage technique that controls for non-random selection of faculty into institutions is applied to a panel of faculty at repeatedly observed four-year universities. We find that bargaining agreements increase satisfaction with compensation, reduces satisfaction with faculty workload, and has no statistically measurable impact on overall job satisfaction or on satisfaction with the authority to make decisions regarding instructional duties.

Reciprocal Loyalty and Union Mediation


This study investigates the concept of loyalty in the employer-employee relationship using a stated preference approach and a dataset obtained through purpose build questionnaires. Reciprocal loyalty is defined as a gift exchange. Workers‟ good performance is rewarded by the employer by the provision of a job with a low likelihood of job loss. The study shows that such reciprocal employer–employee loyalty is highly rated by the workers as a desirable job attribute. Loyalty in the employer-employee relationship is differently valued by unionised and non-unionised workers. Overall the evidence suggests that unionised workers are more receptive to arrangements involving reciprocal loyalty. This may be an outcome of adaptation to internalized norms of union behaviour.

Union Wage Gap in the U.S. Construction Sector: 1983-2007


Wage gap decomposition shows that declining union power was the principal force behind the shrinking union wage premium in the U.S. construction industry between the 1980s and the 2000s. This decline was largely offset by changes in returns to workforce attributes and workforce compositions. Without these moderating effects, the decline in the wage gap would have been twice as large (in log points). The patterns were similar in the basic and mechanical trades, but magnitudes of change were larger in the latter.

Labor Law and Reaching a First Collective Agreement: Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Set of Reforms in Ontario


We examine the effects of a major labor law reform package in the Canadian province of Ontario on the negotiation of first agreements for newly certified bargaining units using a quasi-experimental research design. We find that first contract success rates were around 10 percentage points higher under the more favorable labor law package. Further, we find that in the more hostile labor regime, only 38% of petitions ultimately reached a first agreement despite the presence of quick-votes and first contract arbitration.

Flexible Wage Contracts, Temporary Jobs and Worker Performance: Evidence from Italian Firms


The aim of this paper is to provide empirical evidence on whether performance related pay and contract flexibility affect workers effort and in turn firm productivity using a sample of Italian firms. According to our results, wage flexibility has a significant effect on effort and then on productivity and white collars respond more to monetary incentives than blue collars. Moreover, the presence of a large share of temporary contracts reduces workers’ motivation and effort.

Sidney and Beatrice Webb’s Institutional Theory of Labor Markets and Wage Determination


Sidney and Beatrice Webb are best known for their studies on the history and theory of trade unions. Far less recognized is their complementary institutional theory of labor markets and wage determination. This article presents a distillation and review of the Webbs' labor market theory, including revisionist model of demand and supply, rent theory of income distribution, institutional analysis of market failure, and political economy case for labor market regulation.


IRLE Faculty Grants, 2012-13

Cameron Anderson (Haas School of Business)   
Powerful Groups: Are the powerfll less effective together?

Irene Blomraad/Cybil Fox (sociology)     
Immigration and Redistributive Social Policy: Disenfranchisement ,Threat or Fractionaalization?

Clair Brown, Clair (Economics)   
Ready Made Online Tool for Impact Analysis

Karen Chapple (Urban and Regional Planning)   
Big Ideas for Job Creation

Fligstein, Niel (Sociology)             
The Banks Did It

Heather Haveman (Sociology)   
A Contested Institution: Law Review vs. Interdisciplinary Legal Journals

Jerome Karabel (Sociology)        
American Exceptionalism, Social Well-Being and the Quality of Life in the United States

Laura Kray (Haas School of Business)      
Gender Composition, Communication Mode and Deception

David I. Levine, David (Haas School of Business)
Testing New Contracts for Saleswomen to Distribute New Products I Rural Uganda

James R. Lincoln (Haas School of Business)
Embedded and Strategic Alliance Formation in Japanese Keiretsu Networks

Sandra Susan Smith (Sociology):
Working group on Poverty and Race
Negotiating Race on the Job in a Post-Racial society
Logics of Assistance: Why Job Contacts Help and Why they Don't

Kim Voss, Kim (Sociology)           
Democratic Dilemmas: Union Democracy and Union Renewal
The New Stakeholders: The rise of independent contractors and part-time subcontractors in the college admission industry

Richard A. Walker, Richard
California Studies Lecture and Dinner Series


IRLE Program News

The Labor Center

NEW CENTER: Food Labor Research Center (FLRC), a project of the UC Berkeley Labor Center
The Food Labor Research Center is the first research center in the country to focus on the intersection of food justice and worker justice. It conducts research and education on the wages and working conditions of workers along the food chain, and the impact these conditions have not only on workers but also on employers and consumers.

Founding Director Saru Jayaraman has been working on the issue of food labor justice for over a decade. After 9/11, together with displaced World Trade Center workers, she co-founded the Restaurant Opportunities Center in New York, which has organized restaurant workers to win workplace justice campaigns, conduct research and policy work, partner with responsible restaurants, and launch cooperatively-owned restaurants. ROC now has 10,000 members in 19 cities nationwide. The story of Saru and her co-founder's work establishing ROC has been chronicled in the book The Accidental American. Saru is a graduate of Yale Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. She was profiled in the New York Times "Public Lives" section in 2005, and was named one of Crain's "40 Under 40" in 2008, 1010 Wins' "Newsmaker of the Year," and one of New York Magazine's "Influentials" of New York City. She co-edited The New Urban Immigrant Workforce, (ME Sharpe, 2005), and authored Behind the Kitchen Door, forthcoming from Cornell University Press.


Behind the Kitchen Door Book:

Behind the Kitchen Door
By Saru Jayaraman; published by Cornell University Press, 2012.

From the publisher:
How do restaurant workers live on some of the lowest wages in America? And how do poor working conditions-discriminatory labor practices, exploitation, and unsanitary kitchens-affect the meals that arrive at our restaurant tables? Food Labor Research Center director Saru Jayaraman sets out to answer these questions by following the lives of restaurant workers in eight American cities. Blending personal narrative and investigative journalism, her book is an exploration of the political, economic, and moral implications of dining out.


Reports and Briefs:

Predicted Medi-Cal Enrollment among Californians Working for Large Firms
By Dave Graham-Squire, Ken Jacobs, and Laurel Lucia, April 2013

California Assembly Bill 880 would impose a penalty on large private employers who have non-disabled employees who enroll in Medi-Cal. In this fact sheet, we analyze the number of working Californians expected to enroll in Medi-Cal after the Affordable Care Act is implemented. Approximately 250,000 Californians working for firms with 500 or more employees are currently enrolled in Medi-Cal, close to half (44%) in the retail and restaurant industries. In 2014, between 60,000 and 100,000 additional individuals working for large employers are expected to become newly eligible for and enroll in Medi-Cal under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), for a total of between 310,000 and 350,000 enrollees. By 2019, an estimated 350,000 to 380,000 employees of large firms will be enrolled in the program.

Blacks in Unions: 2012
By Steven Pitts, April 2013

This report reveals that the proportion of Black workers in unions in 2012 exceeded the national average. Black union density–the proportion of Black workers that belong to unions–exceeded the union density of non-Black workers. In 2012, 13.1 percent of Black workers were in unions; for non-Black workers, the figure was 11.0 percent. The report also indicates that Black workers were disproportionately in unions relative to their share in the overall workforce. In 2012, 13.3 percent of all union members in the United States were Black; Blacks comprised 11.4 percent of the overall workforce in the United States.

Smooth Transitions into Medi-Cal: Ensuring Continuity of Coverage for Low Income Health Program Enrollees
By Elizabeth C. Lytle, Dylan H. Roby, Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Livier Cabezas, Nadereh Pourat for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, April 2013

In 2014, over 500,000 California residents will transition from the Low Income Health Program (LIHP) to new health coverage provided by Medi-Cal or subsidized health plans offered in Covered California. This Policy Note focuses on the transition of more than 470,000 lower-income LIHP enrollees into a state-operated Medi-Cal program. If a county-based approach is adopted, expanding the existing local LIHPs, adjustments to the plan will be needed. The LIHPs continue to grow; one-third of those potentially eligible for the Affordable Care Act's optional Medi-Cal expansion have already been enrolled in the LIHP. The Department of Health Care Services has made considerable efforts to involve stakeholders in the planning process for the transition. Including providers, consumer advocates, and other stakeholder groups will enhance the transition to Medi-Cal, regardless of the implementation approach. Further recommendations include: engaging in automatic Medi-Cal eligibility determination methods, establishing procedures for data transfer that will provide adequate time for Medi-Cal enrollment, creating an extensive communication and outreach plan and evaluating the need for special transition plans for populations in need of additional assistance.

Promoting Enrollment of Low Income Health Program Participants in Covered California
By Elizabeth C. Lytle, Dylan H. Roby, Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Livier Cabezas, Nadereh Pourat for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, April 2013

In 2014, over 500,000 California residents will transition from the Low Income Health Program to health coverage provided by Medi-Cal or subsidized health plans offered in Covered California. This policy note focuses on the transition plans for the 27,000 higher income enrollees that will be eligible for sizeable federal subsidies in the state-based health insurance exchange, Covered California. A successful transition with high rates of participation relies on collaboration between the Department of Health Care Services, the local Low Income Health Programs (LIHPs) and Covered California. Enrollees will be moving into a complex system of premium payment, plan choice, subsidies and cost-sharing reductions and their engagement in the transition is necessary to result in enrollment in health plans by January 1, 2014. Recommendations to promote success include: applying administrative LIHP and DHCS data to ease the enrollment process in Covered California, collaborating in communication with LIHPs and other county programs, and targeted outreach with personal assistance for potential enrollees.

Black Employment and Unemployment in 2012
By Steven Pitts, February 2013

During 2012, the economy grew by approximately 1.9 million jobs.  This growth was fairly steady throughout the year: in eight months, the monthly increase ranged between 112,000 and 196,000. Despite this slow but steady increase in non-farm payroll employment, there were minimal changes in the unemployment rate and employment-population ratio for Black workers during the year. However, white workers fared better than Black workers in 2012.

Which workers are most at risk of reduced work hours under the Affordable Care Act?
By Dave Graham-Squire and Ken Jacobs, February 2013

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires employers to provide coverage or pay a penalty based on the number of employees working 30 or more hours per week. This data brief looks at which industries have a high percentage of employees working fewer than or slightly above 30 hours, placing them at risk for reduced hours by an employer wishing to avoid penalties.

Medi-Cal Expansion under the Affordable Care Act: Significant Increase in Coverage with Minimal Cost to the State
By Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Greg Watson, Miranda Dietz, and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, January 2013

The Medi-Cal Expansion under the Affordable Care Act will expand eligibility to more than 1.4 million low-income adults in California beginning in 2014, if enacted by the state. Other mandatory provisions of the ACA will lead to increased enrollment among Californians who are already eligible for Medi-Cal but not enrolled. The authors predict the increase in Medi-Cal enrollment under the ACA using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model and estimate the associated new federal and state spending. The study finds that the new state spending on Californians newly eligible for Medi-Cal will be largely offset by increased state tax revenues and potential savings in other areas of the budget.

Training for the Future: Workforce Development For a 21st Century Utility: Los Angeles’s Utility Pre-Craft Trainee Program
By Ellen Avis and Carol Zabin, January 2013

This report describes the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program and highlights the features of the program that make it a best practice model for entry-level workforce train­ing in the green economy. While many green training programs around the country have been criticized for providing only short-term training with poor job placement rates, the UPCT provides entry-level workers with pathways into real careers.

A Dime a Day: The Impact of the Miller/Harkin Minimum Wage Proposal on the Price of Food
By Chris Benner and Saru Jayaraman, October 2012

Opponents of raising the federal minimum wage often argue that, while the increase in wages may benefit low-wage workers, it will also increase the cost of food and other basic goods, thus hurting the very people the minimum wage increase is intended to help. In this report, we provide a detailed analysis of the potential increase in food prices of new legislation proposed by Congressmember George Miller (D-CA) and Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) that would increase the minimum wage to $9.80 over a three-year period, as well as increase the tipped minimum wage, which currently stands at $2.13, until it reaches 70% of the full federal minimum. We find that while the Miller/Harkin bill would provide a 33% wage increase for regular minimum wage workers and would more than double the wages of tipped workers over the same period, retail grocery store food prices would only increase by an average of less than half a percent over the three-year phase-in of the new minimum wage, and restaurant food prices would increase by less than one percent per year. This increased cost of food, both away and at home, would amount to about 10 cents more per day on average for American households over the three-year period.

After Millions of Californians Gain Health Coverage under the Affordable Care Act, who will Remain Uninsured?
By Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Miranda Dietz, Dave Graham-Squire, Nadereh Pourat, and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, September 2012

This joint publication found, using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model, that the implementation of the ACA will greatly expand Californians’ access to affordable health insurance, primarily due to the expansion of Medi-Cal and the availability of subsidized coverage in the California Health Benefit Exchange. However, three to four million Californians could remain uninsured even after the law is fully implemented. The authors estimate the demographics, geographic distribution, eligibility for coverage, and applicability of the minimum coverage requirements of Californians under age 65 who are predicted to remain uninsured.

Envisioning Enhanced Roles for In-Home Supportive Services Workers in Care Coordination for Consumers with Chronic Conditions: A Concept Paper
By Janet M. Coffman and Susan A. Chapman; a joint report from the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Center for Personal Assistance Services, UCSF, and the Center for Labor Research and Education, UC Berkeley, September 2012

This concept paper explores the feasibility of creating opportunities for In-Home Supportive Services (IHSS) workers to provide enhanced care to the consumers they serve and earn higher wages. The authors provide an overview of the IHSS program, describe how expanding the role of IHSS workers in care coordination could benefit IHSS consumers with chronic conditions, and identify barriers and facilitators to implementing an expanded role for IHSS workers.

Temporary Workers in California are Twice as Likely as Non-Temps to Live in Poverty: Problems with Temporary and Subcontracted Work in California
By Miranda Dietz, August 2012

This report found that in 2010, almost one-quarter of a million people worked in the temporary help services industry in California and another 37,000 people worked for employee leasing firms. Temporary workers face lower wages, fewer benefits, and less job security. Temporary and contingent work by its very definition is less secure than full-time direct hire work. This lack of stability has implications for workers’ wealth, health, and well-being. Temporary workers are not compensated for their willingness to accept less reliable work; instead they tend to face lower wages than their non-temp counterparts. Controlling for the type of occupation as well as personal characteristics of workers such as age, education, race, sex, and English proficiency, temps make about 18 percent less per hour than their non-temp counterparts. The wage differential is even larger for blue-collar workers. Lower wages mean that contingent workers rely more on the state safety net. Temps in California were twice as likely as non-temps to live in poverty, receive food stamps, and be on Medicaid.

Estimating the Change in Coverage in California with a Basic Health Program: A memorandum prepared at the request of the California Health Benefit Exchange
A joint report by the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, August 2012

Using the CalSIM model, the authors estimated the impact that a Basic Health Program (proposed under SB 703) would have on overall coverage in California, on the risk mix in the overall Exchange/Individual Market, on the size of the Exchange, and on the Exchange’s bargaining power in the individual market.

Minimizing Families’ Health Care Subsidy Repayments Due to Income Volatility
By Ken Jacobs, Dave Graham-Squire, Elsie Gould and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, and the Economic Policy Institute, August 2012

Using the CalSIM model to adjust data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to reflect California’s population, the authors’ initial analysis found that significant income volatility and churning are expected in the subsidized Exchange, Californians’ repayments owed at tax time will be appreciable if subsidies are not adjusted as income changes, and reporting income changes and adjusting subsidies could significantly reduce repayments.

Can a Publicly Sponsored Retirement Plan for Private Sector Workers Guarantee Benefits at No Risk to the State?
By David M. Stubbs and Nari Rhee, August 2012

The California legislature is currently considering SB 1234, a bill that would create the California Secure Choice Retirement Savings Trust–a state-sponsored retirement plan for private sector workers who lack access to a workplace plan.  Assets would be managed in a pooled fund and workers would be guaranteed a rate of return on their contributions, insured by private underwriters rather than the state.  This policy brief broadly assesses the feasibility of such a plan by analyzing the private cost of guarantees, probable investment returns simulated through a hypothetical pension investment portfolio, and the long-term funded status of a hypothetical pension plan given conservative assumptions.

Nine Out of Ten Non-Elderly Californians Will Be Insured When the Affordable Care Act is Fully Implemented
By Ken Jacobs, Greg Watson, Gerald F. Kominski, Dylan H. Roby, Dave Graham-Squire, Christina M. Kinane, Daphna Gans, and Jack Needleman for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, June 2012

This joint publication found, using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model, that an estimated 2.9 to 3.7 million Californians will be newly covered through Medi-Cal or receive subsidized coverage in the Exchange. Others will gain access to coverage through new prohibitions on insurers denying coverage based on pre-existing conditions. As a result, nine out of ten Californians under age 65 will have coverage when the ACA is fully implemented.

Accompanying Fact Sheets

Accompanying Chart Pack

6.3 Million Private Sector Workers in California Lack Access to a Retirement Plan on the Job
By Nari Rhee, June 2012

This research brief finds that after more than a decade of declining access to employer-sponsored retirement plans in the private sector, millions of working Californians lack this critical pillar of retirement security. Given stark disparities in access by earnings, firm size, and race, most of these workers are low- to middle-wage, employees of small businesses, and Latinos. The brief also outlines the potential advantages of a publicly sponsored retirement plan for closing the private sector pension gap and helping low- and middle-income workers build adequate and secure retirement incomes.

Monthly Black Worker Report
By Steven Pitts, ongoing

Healthcare cost-estimate calculator
The new website for Covered California – California’s health benefits exchange – features the healthcare cost-estimate calculator developed by the Labor Center and the IRLE library. By all indications, the calculator is being widely utilized. The Labor Center has been receiving phone calls and emails with questions and compliments on the important tool.


C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School
The C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School concluded on August 18, 2012 and was co-sponsored by the Alameda Labor Council. Over the course of eight sessions, participants developed skills in a variety of areas including campaign planning, member mobilization, and building strategic partnerships.

Summer Institute on Union Women: Campaign School for the Next Generation
From July 23-27, 2012 the Labor Center hosted the 2012 Summer Institute on Union Women, held at Sonoma State University. Over 200 participants and 50 instructors were at the Campaign School for the Next Generation. There were classes in English, Spanish, and Chinese. Participants came from as far away as British Columbia and Turkey, and Labor Secretary Hilda Solis sent a video greeting.

Labor and Globalization Conference
On July 21-22, 2012, we co-sponsored the Labor and Globalization Conference at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing. Katie Quan presented on collective bargaining in non-traditional sectors in the U.S..

Trainings for Labor Inspectors
The Department of Labor Standards Enforcement funded the Labor Center to train field inspectors on techniques for interviewing workers. This contract was carried out in June in collaboration with the Worker Rights Consortium, a DC-based organization that monitors labor standards in factories that produce university licensed apparel.

Collective Bargaining Training for Union Leaders in China
On May 29, 2012 Katie Quan led a popular education training on collective bargaining with 37 grassroots union leaders of the Guangzhou Federation of Trade Unions.  The main focus of the meeting was mobilizing rank and file support for collective bargaining at the table.

Book Talk with Jan McAlevey, May 7, 2013
Raising Expectations (and Raising Hell): My Decade Fighting for the Labor Movement

Book Talk with Stewart Acuff, November 14, 2012
Playing Bigger Than You Are: A Life in Organizing


Upcoming Events
Latino Leadership School, May 17-19, 2013
A workshop for Spanish-speaking emerging leaders from unions and community-based organizations.

Introductory Online Media Skills, May 30-31, 2013
This introductory, practice-based two-day workshop will cover the how-to's and best practices for use of traditional online tools such as email alerts, websites, and online newsletters, as well as emerging online tools and tactics such as blogging, podcasting, and social networking, among others.

Strategic Research Training, June 26-27, 2013
This two-day introductory workshop is intended for union researchers who are responsible for carrying out research for organizing and collective bargaining campaigns

Labor Summer Internship Program, June through August, 2013
An innovative PAID internship for UC graduate and undergraduate students, providing opportunities to learn from and work with unions and labor organizations on issues vital to California's working people.

C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School, summer 2013, specific dates tba
A program to train unionists active in the Black community so they are able to assume leadership and staff positions in unions.

Strategic Campaigns Workshop, September 16- 20, 2013
A five-day intensive for organizers, researchers, field reps and business agents, member leaders, communications specialists and political coordinators in unions and community-based organizations.

UC Berkeley Labor Center 50th Anniversary Celebration: Moving a Proud History Forward, September 26, 2013
Help us kick off a 2014 year-long celebration of the half century the Labor Center has dedicated to improving the lives of working people in California and beyond. Please join us in celebration as we reflect on the proud history of the last 50 years and begin to shape visions for the future of the labor movement in the years to come!

Honorees include: Joe Hansen, President of the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union; Members of OUR Walmart; Members of Warehouse Workers United; Marty Morgenstern, Secretary of the California Labor and Workforce Development Agency; Julie Su, California Labor Commissioner; Ai-jen Poo and members of domestic workers organizations and unions; Lou Paulson, President of the California Professional Firefighters; Anthony Thigpenn and California Calls.


Blue Shield of California Foundation
California Low-Income Health Program Evaluation

Blue Shield of California Foundation
Design and Recommendations for Building to Medi-Cal Enrollment from the Low-Income Health Program

Blue Shield of California Foundation
Remaining Uninsured Study: DACA-Eligible Youth and Young Adults in California

California Department of Health Care Services
Planning and Coordination to Carry Out the Design and Recommendations for Building the Bridge to Medi-Cal Enrollment from the Low-Income Health Program

The California Endowment
California Health Policy Research Program

California Health Benefit Exchange
Demographic Analysis and Microsimulation Model Comparisons

Discount Foundation
National Black Worker Center Project

Ford Foundation
Building Relationships between Labor Sociologists in the United States and China

Hewlett Foundation
Achieving Clean Energy Goals through High-Road Implementation

Open Society Foundation
Project on Improving the Quality of Jobs Held by Black Males

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Maximizing Health Care Enrollment through Seamless Coverage for Families in Transition

Rosenberg Foundation
Labor Summer Internship Program

Unitarian Universalist Veatch Program at Shelter Rock
National Black Worker Center Project



Carol Zabin was appointed to the state Workforce Investment Board where she participates in decisions about statewide workforce policy and investment. She was also named head of the Green Collar Jobs Council, an arm of the WIB tasked with assessing and planning for the workforce needs of the clean/green economy in California.

Katie Quan was appointed to the California Department of Industrial Relations Labor Enforcement Task Force (LETF) Advisory Committee. LETF “combats the underground economy in California to create an environment where legitimate businesses can thrive.”

The Labor Center welcomed two new staff members this year. Megan Emiko Scott was brought on to the Green Jobs team as a policy analyst. Teresa Jackson recently joined the Labor Center as our new Office Coordinator.
Our renowned retirement security expert Nari Rhee moved on to a new job in the fall, and Green Jobs team member Ellen Avis also left the Labor Center this past year.



Health Care
Part-timers to lose pay amid health act's new math Los Angeles Times, May 2, 2013
Part-timers' hours cut as employers react to healthcare law [Live chat] Los Angeles Times, May 2, 2013
Brown, Democrats wrangle over Medicaid expansion San Diego Union Tribune, May 5, 2013
New Report: Taxpayers on the Hook When Corporate Giants Dump Workers onto Medi-Cal Labor's Edge blog, April 30, 2013
Illegal immigrants should have health coverage, foundation saysLos Angeles Times, March 13, 2013
Put Medi-Cal expansion on the front burner Editorial, Los Angeles Times, March 4, 2013
Medi-Cal expansion will test capacity San Francisco Chronicle, March 2, 2013
Healthcare overhaul may threaten California's safety net Los Angeles Times, February 25, 2013
Assembly Health Committee Passes Medi-Cal Expansion California Progress Report, February 20, 2013
California will reportedly come out ahead on Medi-Cal expansion KPCC Southern California Public Radio, February 19, 2013
Editorial: California must expand Medi-Cal San Francisco Chronicle, February 1, 2013
How Might Immigration Reform Influence Health Care Reform? California Healthline, January 31, 2013
Legislation proposed to help California launch healthcare overhaul Los Angeles Times, January 29, 2013
Walmart in Boulder: A 'Faustian bargain'? Denver Post, January 28, 2013
Calif. Health care exchange at a glance San Francisco Chronicle, January 28, 2013
Medi-Cal Expansion: Covering More Californians for Less California Labor Federation, Labor's Edge blog, January 28, 2013
Affordable Care Act set to kick in: Health care reform 101 Imperial Valley Press, January 27, 2013
Employers brace for law's implementation Imperial Valley Press Business, January 27, 2013
California lawmakers set to tackle healthcare expansion Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2013
Thomas D. Elias: Is Obamacare good for state? Appeal-Democrat, January 21, 2013
Wary of cost, Brown commits state to health reform Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 13, 2013
Governor's Proposals for Medicaid Expansion KQED, The California Report State of Health, January 10, 2013
Medi-Cal, health-care reform and the ER collide, January 10, 2013
Medicaid expansion could bring big benefit to state with little investment Sacramento Business Journal, January 9, 2013
Weighing The Pros And Cons Of Expanding Medi-Cal  Dylan Roby on KPBS Radio’s Midday Edition, January 9, 2013
Viewpoints: Expanded Medi-Cal will bring federal money in reform Op-ed, Sacramento Bee, January 9, 2013
New study helps build the case for expanding Medi-Cal Op-ed, Los Angeles Times, January 8, 2013
Study: State Faces 'Minimal' New Costs With Medi-Cal Expansion California Healthline, January 8, 2013
Analysis: Medicaid Expansion Brings 'Minimal' State Costs KQED, The California Report State of Health blog, January 7, 2013
UC study sees 'minimal' state costs from Medi-Cal expansion Sacramento Bee Capitol Alert blog, January 7, 2013
OAKLAND: State gets permission from feds for health exchange KTVU, January 3, 2013
Affordable Care Act presents many unknowns for California officials Los Angeles Times, December 25, 2012
Future of health care exchanges on the line Omaha World-Herald, November 4, 2012
How to Deal With Remaining Millions Uninsured California Healthline, Thursday, October 25, 2012
California Considers Strategies for Treating Uninsured Immigrants California Healthline, October 24, 2012
Treating uninsured immigrants after health care reform, October 23, 2012
Millions of Californians May Still Be Uninsured in 2019 Capital Public Radio, September 20, 2012
Enter, stage left, the Health Benefit Exchange Capitol Weekly, September 4, 2012
California Lawmakers Consider New Low Income Health Program Capital Public Radio, August 15, 2012
The Steelworker's Wife–and What Might Have Been The New Republic, August 9, 2012
California health care exchange prepares for 2014 launch The Sacramento Bee, July 17, 2012
A good day for America Ken Jacobs, The Berkeley Blog, June 28, 2012
Health care safety net at turning point The Sacramento Bee, June 24 2012
Study outlines the ACA’s effect on Californians Residential Home Health
Study Estimates High Enrollment for Exchange California Healthline, June 15, 2012
UCLA, UC Berkeley Release Study on Obamacare Belmont Shore Patch, June 14, 2012
Affordable Care Act would cover 90 percent of Californians under 65 Central Valley Business Times, June 14, 2012
Reform law’s effect on employer health insurance a looming concern San Jose Mercury News, June 30, 2012

Food Labor
May Day: A Vision for Restaurant Workers The Center for Media Justice, May 1, 2013
Why Women and People of Color Keep Getting Shafted in the Growing Restaurant Industry RH Reality Check, April 30, 2013
In tough economy, fast food workers grow old In Plain Site, NBC News, April 15, 2013
5 Great Food Videos – Shorts Forbes, April 13, 2013
Real Time with Bill Maher April 12, 2013
Coming soon to a restaurant menu near you: Livable wages Crain's Chicago Business, April 4, 2013
Behind the Kitchen Door: Meet New Ashoka Fellow Saru Jayaraman Forbes, April 4, 2013
Melissa Harris-Perry Show, MSNBC March 30, 2013
What Goes on Behind the Kitchen Door KQED Bay Area Bites, March 21, 2013
What Goes on Behind the Kitchen Door Huffington Post, March 15, 2013
We Serve You – We Aren't Servants Huffington Post, March 15, 2013
Seven Amazing Women Who Are Working to Change Our Food System Earth Island Journal, March 8, 2013
The Top 13 Women of Color to Watch in 2013 Center for American Progress, March 8, 2013
An Interview with Saru Jayaraman KCET Food Rant, March 5, 2013
Fighting the Other NRA–Resources to Support Food Workers Huffington Post, March 4, 2013
Restaurant Workers: Saru Jayaraman Takes Us 'Behind the Kitchen Door AFL-CIO Now, February 27, 2013
Why Is the Restaurant Lobby Making Us Sick? Huffington Post, February 20, 2013
Could You Live on $2.13 Per Hour –Even With Tips? That's the Minimum Wage for Waiters AlterNet, February 14, 2013
Why the Other NRA Loves the First Lady Huffington Post, February 15, 2013
A Valentine's Day wish: Fairness for food workers Pesticide Action Network, February 14, 2013
How the Other NRA Is Making Us Sick Food Safety News, February 15, 2013
Going Behind the Kitchen Door to Inspire A Different Kind of Foodie ColorLines, February 11, 2013
Behind the Kitchen Door (book review) Reviewed by Penny Pleasance, New York Journal of Books, February 7, 2013
Quick Reads: "Behind the Kitchen Door" By Saru Jayaraman (book review) Mother Jones, February 7, 2013
In the kitchen, injustice thrives Op-ed by Saru Jayaraman, New York Daily News, February 6, 2013
To Consider: Seeking Better Conditions For Restaurant Employees New York Times Diner's Journal "Front Burner," February 5, 2013
Fight flu, give restaurant workers paid sick leave Op-ed by Saru Jayaraman, CNN Opinion, January 30, 2013
Do You Give As Much Thought to Restaurant Workers as You Do to Your Organic Chicken? An interview with Saru Jayaraman by Amy Dean, Truthout, January 28, 2013
McDonald's Christmas Memo Suggests More Workers May Clock In On Holiday Huffington Post, December 19, 2012
UC Berkeley Launches First-Ever Food Labor Research Center Food First, December 18, 2012
McDonald's $8.25 Man and $8.75 Million CEO Shows Pay Gap Bloomberg, December 12, 2012
Want To Find A Restaurant That Treats Workers Well? There's An App for That NPR, December 10, 2012
A Fast Food Nation Fights for Living Wages–Against Long Odds The Indypendent, December 10, 2012
UC Berkeley to start food labor research center Central Valley Business Times, December 7, 2012
Food Day report analyzes how minimum wage hike would impact consumers, workersSan Francisco Chronicle, October 24, 2012
A Dime a Day for Food Worker JusticePolicy Shop, October 24, 2012
Americans Come Together at 3,200 Food Day EventsCenter for Science in the Public Interest, October 24, 2012
Effects of raising the minimum wage: An extra dime a day for food. A raise for 29 million peopleDaily Kos, October 24, 2012
Food Service Workers: What Can You Get for a Dime a Day? A Lot ActuallyAFL-CIO NOW, October 24, 2012
Help sponsor food justice for only 10 cents a dayGrist, October 24, 2012

Black Workers/Economic Justice
Black Workers 19% More Likely to Be in Unions AFL-CIO Now, April 24, 2013
African Americans Make Up Largest Percentage of Union Membership New America Media, April 15, 2013
The Black Unemployment Rate Drops for All the Wrong Reasons The Sacramento Observer, April 9, 2013
Sequestration Set To Deepen Racial Inequality In U.S., Experts Say Huffington Post, March 13, 2013
Unemployment May Worsen for Black Workers, March 12, 2013
50 Years After the March on Washington, the Fight for Jobs and Freedom ContinuesAFL-CIO Now blog post by Steven Pitts, February 28, 2013
Black union activists: Time to organize workers from the grassroots up The Final Call, January 14, 2013
Black Employment-Population Ratios Drop New America Media, January 9, 2013
Beware of False Slogans Such as “Right to Work”Huffington Post, January 8, 2013
Other side of jobs numbers: Unemployment grows for African-Americans, youthSan Francisco Chronicle, January 4, 2013
Blacks Only Racial Group Not to See Jobless Rate Fall in August National Journal: The Next America, September 10, 2012
Walmart And Under-Employment The Seattle Medium, August 8, 2012
Economy Continues Sluggish Recovery But Not For Blacks The Seattle Medium, August 8, 2012
In Dismal Jobs Report, Unemployment Rate of Minority Workers Rises Los Angeles Times, June 1, 2012
Behind the Lower Unemployment Rates The Root, May 14, 2012
Government Job Cuts Threaten Black Middle Class NPR, May 9, 2012
More Blacks in Management Would Be a True Robinson Tribute New York Times, April 16, 2012

Retirement Security
Workplace has no 401(k). Could states help? Christian Science Monitor, November 30, 2012
State-Run Retirement Plan Gaining National Attention, Some Say California Healthline, October 09, 2012
Ken Jacobs: Private-sector workers deserve a secure pension program, too Op-ed: San Jose Mercury News, September 25, 2012
California Takes on the Retirement Crisis The New York Times, September 22, 2012
Legislature Passes Bill Setting Up State-Run Retirement Program California Healthline, September 10, 2012
California's clever opt-out retirement idea Reuters, August 31, 2012
Foes assail state bill to start low-income workers' retirement plan Los Angeles Times, August 7, 2012
The Very Public Private-Sector Retirement Problem Governing, June 28, 2012
Communities of color will feel brunt of impact from pension 'reform' Capitol Weekly, June 25, 2012
The Great Retirement Squeeze–Pension Cuts Mean Poverty for Future Elders New America Media, June 13, 2012
6.3 Million Californians Have No Workplace Retirement Plan Access Central Valley Business Times, June 8, 2012
Mutual fund industry defends 401(k) plans Los Angeles Times, June 7, 2012
Study: Employer Sponsored Retirement Plans Declining Capital Public Radio, June 7, 2012
Employer Sponsored Retirement Plans Declining KPBS, June 7, 2012
The Retirement Crisis Facing Blacks and Latinos Next Avenue, May 7, 2012

Battle of the Boxes Jackson Free Press, March 6, 2013
Walmart staff push for rights as tactics stop short of union The Sunday Independent (South Africa), December 16, 2012
We need more Costcos in America Tucson Citizen, December 3, 2012
Occupy Ellsworth joins nationwide Walmart protest; company dismisses activists Bangor Daily News, November 23, 2012
Who's Really to Blame for the Wal-Mart Strikes? The American Consumer The Atlantic, November 22, 2012
Pushed Over the Fiscal Cliff by Wal-Mart Huffington Post, November 19, 2012
Walmart's Internal Compensation Documents Reveal Systematic Limit On Advancement Huffington Post, November 16, 2012
Don't Look Now, but Wal-Mart Is Facing a New Lawsuit, Even as Black Friday Strike Threats Loom, October 22, 2012
Why Wal-Mart May Respond to Black Friday Strike Threats, Adjust Wage Structure: Labor Expert, October 19, 2012
Massive anti-Walmart march and rally planned today at Chinatown site, June 30, 2012
What Makes It ‘evil’ The Somerville News, June 22, 2012

Contingent Workers
Roundup: Contingent Labor News Blog of Academe: Magazine of the AAUP, September 5, 2012
Temp Workers More Likely to Be Poor  NBC Bay Area, August 30, 2012
JOBS: Temp workers tend to be poor ones Press Enterprise, August 29, 2012
New Study Says California Temp Workers More Likely To Be Poor Valley Public Radio, August 29, 2012
California Prepares for Changing Demands on Its Workforce Yahoo! News, August 29, 2012
Study: Temps More Likely To Be Poor In California Capital Public Radio, August 28, 2012
California temp workers are twice as likely to be poor, study says Los Angeles Times, August 28, 2012
Number of temp workers in California on the rise San Jose Mercury News, August 28, 2012
Temporary employees earn less Philadelphia Inquirer, August 28, 2012

Green California to Vie With Texas as U.S. Oil Heartland: Energy Bloomberg, December 19, 2012
Calif. Gov. Brown Announces Appointments for March 29, 2013 to the California Workforce Investment Board California Newswire, March 29, 2013
Going Green and Growing Jobs, the Right Way The Berkeley Blog, March 26, 2013

Global Labor
Fast Fashion, Cheap Clothes and the Bangladesh Disaster KQED Forum, May 6, 2013
After Bangladesh factory collapse, Western labor groups struggle for solutions Contra Costa Times, May 3, 2013
Bangladesh factory fire was act of sabotage, committee finds Los Angeles Times, December 17, 2012

New England Grocery Unions Face Grueling Obamacare Test In These Times, March 1, 2013
Raley's pact reflects wins and losses on both sides Sacramento Bee, December 8, 2012
Union reaches tentative pact with Raley's rivalKSBW, November 9, 2012
Save Mart bargaining likely to resume after contract rejectionSacramento Bee, August 10, 2012
Save Mart's resolution of contract could force Raley's, Safeway to do sameThe Modesto Bee, July 11, 2012
Union Leader, Raley's Negotiator Face Off in Grocery Labor Drama The Sacramento Bee, June 24 2012

State & Local Budgets
Partnerships Build Capacity in Local Governments New America Foundation, November 14, 2012
Time for a California Oil Severance Tax Legal Planet, November 13, 2012

Proposition 32
Proposition 32 Represents Game-Changer for California Politics Governing, November 2, 2012
New Lipstick on an Old Pig East Bay Express, October 17, 2012

The furlough effect: Why automatic cuts might not reduce the deficit at all MSNBC, February 26, 2013

Minimum Wage
Raising the Minimum Wage Is Good for Business (But the Corporate Lobby Doesn't Think So) Huffington Post, February 23, 2013

Universal Preschool
Won't Somebody Please (Not) Think of the Children? On the Benefits of Pre-K for Parents Next New Deal: The Blog of the Roosevelt Institute, February 15, 2013

Nurses will strike at seven East Bay hospitals affiliated with Sutter Health on Thursday Contra Costa Times, October 30, 2012

Impact of 1982 NY garment workers’ strike assessed China Daily, July 1, 2012
Move over, Wisconsin – the union battle is beginning in California The Sacramento Bee, June 10, 2012
Is The Private Sector Really Doing Fine? ABC News, June 8, 2012


California Public Employee Relations

CPER Journal Online

In the last year, in addition to covering recent developments in California public sector labor relations, CPER Journal online published the following main articles:

CPER No. 209
Why Can’t We Contract Out Half Our Workforce?
by Irma Rodriguez Moisa, Nate Kowalski and Lisa M. Carrillo (Atkinson, Andelson, Loya, Ruud & Romo)

It’s After January 1, 2013...What Should We Do With Our Retired Annuitants?
by Sabrina Thomas (Renne Sloan Holtzman Sakai)

CPER No. 208
Shrunken Public Sector Stunts California Recovery
by Sylvia A. Allegretto and Luke Reidenbach

After the Homecoming: A User’s Guide to the Uniformed Services Employment and
Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)
by Christopher W. Miller (Mastagni, Holstedt, Amick, Miller & Johnsen)

CPER No. 207
Zoned Out – The Peculiar Assault on Free Speech by California Community Colleges
by Robert J. Bezemek and David Conway

Factfinding Under the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act: Arbitrators’ Perspectives
Panel: Catherine Harris, John LaRocco, and Katherine Thomson

CPER No. 206
Fiscal Insolvency and the AB 506 Process: Death by a Thousand Meetings
by Charles Sakai, Genevieve Ng (Renne Sloan Holtzman Sakai)

EEOC Lawsuits: A Reminder to Comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act
by Elizabeth Arce (Liebert Cassidy Whitmore)

Pocket Guide Series

In the past year, CPER has published the following new titles and editions:

Published in 2013...
Pocket Guide to Due Process in Public Employment (3rd edition)

Published in 2012...
Pocket Guide to Public Sector Mediation in California (new)
Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts (4th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Firefighters Bill of Rights Act (2nd edition)
Pocket Guide to the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (14th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights Act (14th edition)

Coming soon...
Pocket Guide to the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act (PEPRA) (new!)
Pocket Guide to the Ralph C. Dills Act (3rd edition)
Pocket Guide to Workplace Rights of Public Employees (3rd edition)

All guides can be ordered at the CPER website,, where tables of contents for all guides appear.


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

Year in Review Report
2012/2013 Academic Year

The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE, continues to conduct cutting-edge research and propose policy solutions aimed at improving how our nation prepares, supports, and rewards the early care and education workforce to ensure young children’s optimal development.  Our work focuses on four areas:

  • Access to Education – To encourage continuous growth and learning among the early care and education workforce, we recommend revamping the content of higher education programs, expanding services and supports for success in higher education, and increasing support for on-going learning on the job.
  • Rewarding Environment – To attract and retain competent and able employees, we need a national commitment to increase compensation, improve adult work environments, and support on-going learning for our early care and education workforce.
  • Workforce Information – We support a strong investment in the development and expansion of reliable data on the early care and education workforce to help identify challenges, track progress, and guide sound policies and investments that lead to a skilled and stable workforce.
  • Leadership Development – Leaders can empower others to make early education more accessible, equitable, and effective for children. Federal resources and policies are critical to developing and supporting diverse leaders who work within and beyond the classroom to transform and improve early learning environments.

In 2013/2013 we advanced our work on the development of two new measures.
Latest resources for the 2012/2013 academic year:

  • Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning (SEQUAL).  The SEQUAL has been designed to measure early childhood teachers’ perceptions about the adult learning environment in center-based early care and education programs.  It focuses on how ECE programs support teachers’ professional growth, learning, and well-being, and identifies components of the workplace that enable teachers to continue to develop their knowledge and skills on the job. Two validation studies are underway. The first is being conducted in 66 child care centers in North Carolina. The second with over 200 teaching staff working in center based Head Start and Preschool programs operated through Acelero, Inc.  in Nevada, New Jersey and Philadelphia. Upon completion of the validation studies, we will explore the use of the SEQUAL as technical assistance tools to assist teaching staff, administrators, educators and coaches.
  • Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory.  The Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory assists policymakers and other stakeholders in developing a more coordinated and comprehensive professional development system for the early care and education workforce.  The Inventory provides a mechanism for states to establish a baseline description of higher education offerings for early care and education practitioners, identify gaps and opportunities in the available offerings, assess variation in early childhood higher education programs, and assess changes in the capacity of the higher education system over time. In 2012/2013 the Higher Education Inventory was conducted in New Jersey, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Assessments of institutes of higher education in California began earlier this year.  In addition, CSCCE has been exploring how the Higher Education Inventory can be used to support planning for President Obama’s universal preschool initiative.

CSCCE research activity for the 2012/2013 academic year:

  • Learning Together: A Study of Six B.A. Completion Cohort Programs in Early Care and Education.CSCCE has completed the fifth year and final year of this study which documents higher than average graduation rates from four-year colleges/universities among non-traditional, early childhood college students who received a menu of financial, academic, and social supports. Most of the students are women of color who work full-time, and many speak English as a second language. This study has been critically important for informing early childhood higher education policy, as higher education institutions are being asked to respond to the increased qualifications for Head Start and publicly-funded preschool teachers. Study results have been submitted to peer review publications.
  • New Jersey Council on Young Children: CSCCE staff assisted the New Jersey Council on Young Children in assessing childhood professional development opportunities and preparation programs in institutions of higher education.  CSSCE has completed a comprehensive review of the available programs and content, and a series of recommendation for coordinating and improving the education and training infrastructure for the NJ early care and education workforce. 
  • Early Childhood Workforce Data Systems Alignment Project: For the last three years, CSCCE staff has led a national effort to align the three main cross-state workforce data systems, NACCRRAWare/T-TAM, T.E.A.C.H.® and ECE workforce registries, through The National Registry Alliance. Two national data efforts have incorporated these data standards into their work: the Common Education Data Standards (CEDS) Project sponsored by the Department of Education, National Center on Education Statistics and the QRIS Data Systems Project, sponsored by Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation.
  • Los Angeles Universal Preschool: CSCCE is assisting First 5 LA and LAUP in understanding the barriers that community college students pursuing early childhood degrees face in obtaining their educational goals, the institutional supports that students perceive as helpful in completing their degree or successfully transferring to 4-year colleges or universities; and the strategies that successful students use to enable their degree completion or transfer to a 4-year college or university.  CSCCE will make recommendations as to how student services and supports may be improved within the community colleges to enable higher rates of student success.
  • Access to Quality Early Learning Project: This project is for the Child Development Division (CDD) of the California Department of Education. In California, many at-risk preschool-age children receiving subsidized child care services could benefit from, but do not participate in organized, high quality preschool school or school-readiness experiences.   This project seeks to gain understanding of the parental decision-making processes in selecting child care arrangements for preschoolers and of license-exempt providers’ perspectives on the school readiness needs of preschoolers in their care and the obstacles and pathways to facilitating children’s participation in high quality group experiences. CSCCE will develop recommendations for regulatory and statutory policies, consumer education, and provider training and support that promote greater participation of at-risk children in high quality child care and school readiness activities.

CSCCE selected presentations for the 2012/2013 academic year:

  • Director, Marcy Whitebook was a featured lecturer at the City College of New York’s The Child Book Talk Series, sponsored by the Division of Interdisciplinary Arts & Sciences at the Center for Worker Education. Dr. Whitebook focused on ways to improve quality and support effective teaching, and identified research, policy and advocacy strategies – including increasing compensation, improving work environments, and supporting on-going development – necessary to attract and retain employees.
  • Marcy Whitebook presented the latest research on the development of tour adult learning environment measure, the SEQUAL (Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning)   at the National Center for Research in Early Childhood Education quality improvement conference (NCRECE).
  • Marcy Whitebook participated in the roundtable discussion: Beyond a Sole Focus on Child Outcomes: Clarifying a Conceptual Framework for Early Care and Education Quality Improvement Initiatives at the Society for Research in Child Development Conference (SRCD), April 2013.
  • CSCCE staff, Marcy Whitebook and Lea Austin, presented at the symposium: Addressing Poverty in Early Childhood Education: Challenges and Possibilities at the American Education Research Association (AERA) symposium, April 2013.
  • In June 2013, CSCCE staff will be presenting the latest information on our developments on the SEQUAL and Higher Education Inventory in addition to discussing how mentors and coaches in early childhood education can support teachers as learners at the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Professional Development Conference.

CSCCE work related to local, state, and national policy for 2012/2013 academic year:

  • CSCCE continued to provide expertise to California professional development system building efforts, focusing on piloting an early childhood workforce registry, facilitating higher education reform, updating the career ladder/certification system, and implementing Transitional Kindergarten.
CSCCE continued to contribute to National workforce policy development focusing on early childhood workforce data systems, higher education reform and federal workforce policy. CSCCE staff is currently working with Child Trends to develop new definitions for the early care and education workforce to be used by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Labor. CSSCE has been asked to provide expertise to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services on emerging preschool, Head Start and child.


Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics (CWED)


CWED Co-Chair Sylvia Allegretto and graduate student Luke Reidenbach authored a new and timely article on the California economy article in CPER Online, titled “Shrunken Public Sector Stands California’s Recovery.” The authors show how austerity measures have affected California’s economic recovery and assess the outcomes of recent policies on jobs and economic growth.

Read the Article:

CWED Co-Chair Michael Reich authored a new CWED policy brief titled “Increasing the Minimum Wage in San Jose:  Benefits and Costs.”  The paper presents solid research about other jurisdictions that implemented a living wage policy, and how it affected the economy.



Sylvia Allegretto gave several presentations during the course of the year:

Teamsters National Women’s Conference, which was held on August 25, 2012 in San Francisco, California. The presentation was titled ‘The Wrecking Ball Economy” and documented the trends in increasing inequality and the power held by the wealthy in the U.S. and how these factors have affected work for women and their families.

Green For All, an Oakland based group advocating for a clean energy economy, August 22, 2012
Title:  “The American Dream: The Fraying of the Folklore”

International Conference of Teamsters Lawyers, August 20, 2012, San Francisco
Topic:  The Unraveling of the American Dream

Community Forum (sponsored by California Assembly Member Nancy Skinner)
Faith Presbyterian Church, Oakland, August 9, 2012.
Title: California Dreamin’...about California’s economic we got here and what to do about it.”

Laborers’ International Union of North America’s Public Employee Conference, Chicago, July 31, 2012.
Title:  “The Truth about Public Sector Workers.” The presentation assessed the housing bubble and the great recession as the cause of state budget problems.

University of Bergamo, Bergamo Italy . October 16-19.  Title:
“Productivity, Investment in Human Capital and the Challenge of Youth Employment: Comparing Developments and Global Responses.”


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

The Library and Labor Center Copyright the National Health Care Calculator

The Labor Center launched a new Web-based service that enables people to estimate their health care costs under the Affordable Care Act’s Health Care Exchange services, which will begin operation in late 2013. This work was supported by the California Endowment, and the library Web team wrote the programming code that runs it. It is hosted on the Labor Center Web at It is also in use for the state of California’s health care exchange, which is known as Covered California.  ( 

The software is covered by copyright under the Regents of the University of California. Since Feburary 2013 Colorado, Washington, Minnesota and Oregon have also adopted it, and a number of for-profit firms have expressed interest in using the calculator.

Twitter and Facebook: IRLE Has Followers

The Library maintains Facebook and Twitter pages both for IRLE and for the Library, and both have gained a following. For the IRLE page, we list our official events, such as colloquia, news of publications and more; for the Library we tweet general news about labor resources. Upwards of 60 peer institutions are currently following us on Facebook or Twitter, which demonstrates that these services open new avenues for new and outreach.

IRLE on Facebook:!/pages/Institute-for-Research-on-Labor-Employment-UC-Berkeley/228145170568689?sk=info

IRLE Library on Facebook:!/CALIRLE/info

IRLE Library on Twitter:  

Library Vertical Files See Summer Use 

The Library started collecting ephemeral information resources in the 1940s, and over time the vertical files they have filled have become a useful source of information on labor issues. The files are now closed to new entries and are housed in the basement of the IRLE. A significant percentage–but not all–of the materials were digitized and now are available online in the California and West Coast Industrial Relations digital collection at However, on three occasions during the past summer out of town scholars sought access to the files to trace labor events of the mid-century era. Library Operations Manager Janice Kimball oversaw access to the files and helped the scholars. Although they are not immediately accessible, the files remain a useful resource to the IRLE and compass communities as well as to visitors from farther afield.

Course Reserves
The Library’s book collection continues to be a class reserve “resource of last resort” for many instructors, who seek titles that have gone missing elsewhere. During the 2012-13 academic year the Library held more than 50 titles in reserve.

IRLE Librarian Appointed Wiley Publishing Advisory Board
Wiley Publishing appointed IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe to serve on their North American Customer Advisory Board, which carries a two year term. This group provides important strategic advice about the direction Wiley should in order to continue to meet the broad needs of the scholarly community in general and libraries in particular. The Advisory Board has operated for a number of years serves as a crossroads where important issues can be discussed. These include the digital transformation, open scholarship, discoverability, enhanced content, pricing and packaging, editorial direction, customer service, new product developments, and the evolution of libraries.  Participation includes an annual meeting in New York as well as ongoing dialogue via the Web.

IRLE Affiliated Students Begin Using IMPLAN in the Library
Professor Karen Chapple has introduced some of her students to this database, which is made accessible in the Library under special circumstances to UC students. IMPLAN’s designers describe the program as a resource “to help analysts address questions about economic study and analysis,” such as:

  • How does the local economy function?
  • What would the economic consequences of this project be?
  • What would the effect of this company/base closure be?

The program enables researchers to construct social accounts that describe the structure and function of a specific economy. It creates a localized model to investigate the consequences of projected economic transactions in a given geographic region.

Access:  This database is restricted to pre-qualified students under faculty supervision.


UK Makes Strong Push for Open Access to Scholarship

As of April 1st, 2013, the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and the Wellcome Trust will require open access (unrestricted, online access) to all peer-reviewed and published scholarly research papers they have funded.  In order to be in compliance with these policies, journals must offer authors the option to pay a fee to make their articles open access (often referred to as “Gold Open Access”). Further Information:

The “Finch Group” Issues Major Report Affecting UK Scholarship
The National Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings (the ‘Finch Group’) llpublished a report titled Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications. The report sets out an encouraging and challenging road map to improve open access to scholarly literature.  Further Information:


In addition to producing a monthly column in Computers in Libraries magazine on the topic of building digital libraries, IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe was invited to publish at feature article for the East Bay Rental Housing Association. The title of the article is “Neighborhoods and Numbers:  The East Bay Rental Market Groups Up.” The article was published in August in Rental Housing magazine, and covered demographic and economic trends that are rapidly transforming the rental housing marketplace in Alameda and Contra Costa County.

IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe and co-author Julie LeFevre of the Institute for Governmental Studies Library will publish an article in the Journal of Web Librarianship in June 2013. The Journal is peer-reviewed and is published by Taylor and Francis.  The title of the article is “Digital Publishing from the Library: A New Core Competency.” It reports on the experience of the IRLE and IGS Libraries, which both act as Web administrators and digital publishers at their respective institutes.


Labor Project for Working Families

On May 7, 2013, we were excited to announce a new chapter in our work involving two powerful partnerships. Beginning July 1, the Labor Project will join forces with Family Values @ Work nationally and Next Generation in California to expand our efforts to win important work and family policies in California and across the country.

To build on our pioneering support of union bargaining on work and family issues and to strengthen alliances between labor and community coalitions, our national work and union resources will become a project of Family Values @ Work (, a nationwide network of state coalitions organizing in 21 states. Through this relationship, which has been helping working families win in cities and states for the past 10 years – and with the continued leadership of Carol Joyner – we will deepen labor’s involvement in the grassroots movements that are winning change at the local level and creating momentum for new federal minimum standards. The Labor Project website and union resources, including our contract language database, will be housed with FV@W.

In California, the Labor Project has made great strides through the California Work and Family Coalition. The Coalition will continue and expand as a project of Next Generation (, an orgnization working to improve propsects for children and families through public policy, private enterprise, family and individuals. Together, we’ve won a Paid Family Leave program – the first in the country – and passed other critical policies that are helping families in Callifornia and setting a rpecedent for other states to follow. Under the ocntinuted leadership of Jenya Cassidy, the California Coalition will keep fighting to expand family leave, paid sick days and other family rights.

As you know, as of September 2013, I am moving on to a different role in the movement after 20 amazing years at the Labor Project. I feel deeply honored to have worked with such a wide range of committed and strong activists for work and family issues, and hope that we will continue to work together in new ways.

I am very excited about our partnership with Family Values @ Work and Next Generation, and for what the future holds. I know that these changes are the best way to sustain and grow our  national efforts to strengthen the commitment of unions on work and family issues and to expand our California efforts around these policies.

Netsy Firestein, Director



2013 Lela Morris Center for Occupational and Environmental Health Symposium
Friday May 10, 2013
COEH: Celebrating 35 Years
Occupational and Environmental Health: Past, Present, and Future
David Brower Center, Downtown Berkeley
2150 Allston Way
Symposium: 9:00 AM – 5:15 PM
Reception: 5:30 PM – 7:00 PM

Center for Research on Social Change
CRSC Graduate Fellows Speaker Series:
Wednesday May 15, 2013
Duster Conference Room, ISSI, 2420 Bowditch Street
"The Last Cowboy: Freedom, Flexibility, and Myths of Legal Identity in the San Francisco Taxi Industry", Veena Dubal, Doctoral Candidate in the Department of Jurisprudence and Social Policy, and Center for Research on Social Change Graduate Fellow, UC Berkeley

Institute of East Asian Studies
Thursday May 8, 2013
2223 Fulton Street, 6th Floor, Conference Room
Migration, Parenting, and Children's Mental Health Adjustment: Studies of Chinese American Immigrant Families and Migrant Families in China
Qing Zhou, Assistant Professor, Psychology, UC Berkeley