May-June 2009 (36)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

IRLE News & Events
The Year in Review: Comments from IRLE Director Michael Reich
IRLE Announces 2009-10 Graduate Student Researcher (GSR) Awards
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society Publishes Volume 48, No. 3
Recent Working Papers
Next IRLE eNews Issue: September 2009

IRLE Program News: The Year In Review
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Work, Technology and Society
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop
The Labor Project for Working Families
Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy


The Year in Review

The 2008-09 academic year will be remembered as a period of great challenge for the University of California, at every level. Although IRLE has shared the pain that all campus organizations are experiencing, we were able to increase our research and intellectual activity, improve our services and launch of the Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy. For example, IRLE had many more colloquia than in any previous year and we continued our strong support of faculty research, funding GSR fellowships and special projects.

Some of the highlights of the year that bear special mention:

IRLE Programs

The Labor Center (CLRE) has raised its profile both on campus and in the community, organizing lectures and conferences by prominent scholars and policy makers. Ken Jacobs organized a session at LERA's annual meetings on the new social contract in San Francisco. The Labor Center co-sponsored a high-profile lecture by Van Jones, noted author and expert on the green economy, and organized a major national conference on the same theme. CLRE working papers this year broke new ground-- in excellent studies of green jobs, developments in health insurance coverage and health care reform policy options.

The Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics (CWED) continued its research on low-wage labor markets, including new studies of national and state minimum wage policies and health care and sick pay policies in San Francisco, and long-term unemployment trends. California Public Employee Relations (CPER) continues to be a vital resource to the bar and the arbitration community, and also has expanded its presence at labor law conferences throughout the state. The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE) has published several important reports that address the needs of child care providers, with substantial support from the Packard Foundation. Industrial Relations remains an eminent journal in its field; during 2008-09, Steve Raphael (Goldman School of Public Policy) joined Trond Petersen as a new editor of the journal.

The California Studies Center (CSC) and the IRLE Library collaborated on the creation of California's Living New Deal, a Web resource that provides a historical taxonomy of the New Deal's legacy. The project has triggered wide interest and has received sustained attention from the national media. The IRLE Library's vastly improved Library Commons has gained popularity and is used by many groups. The Library also provides expert research assistance to UC affiliates as well as the community, and is IRLE's "digital publisher" of Web resources, working papers and reports that are accessible to all.

Faculty Milestones

David Card (Economics) presented the prestigious Richard Ely Lecture to the American Economic Association, and Emmanuel Saez (Economics) was awarded the Clark Medal for the best economist under age forty. Alexandre Mas (Haas School of Business) is on leave to serve as the U.S. Department of Labor's Chief Economist, joining several other UC Berkeley academics that serve in the Obama administration. David Roland-Holst (Agriculture and Resource Economics) published a ground-breaking study of job creation within the green economy–and assessing the ways in which the California economy can benefit from the sustainability movement. Clair Brown (Economics) continues her study of the high tech work force, and published a report titled "Is There an Engineering Shortage in the U.S.?" Richard Walker (Geography) received wide acclaim for his new book, The Country in the City: The Greening of the San Francisco Bay Area. Irene Bloemraad (Sociology) again led the Inter-Disciplinary Immigration Workshop. Prof. Bloemraad also published Civic Hopes and Political Realities: Immigrants, Community Organizations, and Political Engagement. It is not possible to list every faculty achievement in this brief space; these few examples illustrate that IRLE-affiliated faculty are on the intellectual forefront in many disciplines.

The Vial Center

The Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy was launched this past year with a broad research mission. Although many scientists are studying the technological advances of the green economy, the Vial Center is unique in its emphasis on studying the linked nature of new technology, new jobs, and new social institutions that the green economy will depend upon.

The Center's chief goals have been to undertake research on the emerging green economy and climate change policy in California, as these relate to the labor market;; link research and dissemination on new green technologies to the workforce and education needs associated with these new technologies; bring together labor unions, employers, community groups, and educational institutions in order to foster workforce development partnerships; and to develop joint programs and projects with other climate and economy-related research centers on the Berkeley campus.

Throughout 2008-09, the Vial Center has been building a community of scholars, policy makers and community leaders who will work together to provide much-need guidance as California leads the nation into a greener future.

These highlights reflect the imagination, skill, and commitment of IRLE's scholarly community. Even as the university contends with difficult fiscal challenges, as does everyone else who calls California home, these activities exemplify IRLE's revitalized and growing research and outreach agenda.

I invite eNews readers to review the IRLE Web to find out more about our programs–and to watch as we continue to study the world of labor and employment, and all of the scholarly disciplines that are associated with that great common denominator, our working lives, in every type of setting.

– Michael Reich, Director, IRLE


IRLE Announces 2009-10 Graduate Student Researcher (GSR) Awards

IRLE is pleased to announce that the following affiliated faculty have received GSR support. Project titles and departmental/school affiliations are also shown.

Cameron Anderson (Haas School of Business)
1) "Status Processes in Small Groups:
2) "How Power is Lost: Illusions of Alliance Among the Powerful"

Joan Bloom (Public Health)
"Maximum Feasible Participation: The Impact of Community Clinic Governing Boards on Provider and Patient Satisfaction"

Clair Brown (Economics)
"National Organization Survey on Employment by Business Function in Global Value Chains"

Jennifer Chatman (Haas School of Business)
"Norm Durability in Work Groups with Changing Membership"

Ruth Collier (Political Science)
Financial Crises and The Working Classes in Latin America

Waverly Ding (Haas School of Business)
"A New Arena for Gender Differences in Scientific Careers?"

Neil Fligstein (Sociology)
"Securitization and the Mortgage"

Heather Haveman (Sociology)
"Who are the entrepreneurs? The elite or everyone?"

Jerome Karabel (Sociology)
"American Exceptionalism, Social Well-Being and the Quality of Life in the United States"

Laura Kray (Haas School of Business)
"Stereotype Threat in Organizations"

David I. Levine (Haas School of Business)
"The Impact of Cal-OHSA Consultations"

James R. Lincoln (Haas School of Business)
"A network perspective on geographic competition: Market entry decisions of Japanese subsidiaries in global markets"

Charlan Nemeth (Psychology)
"Minorities, Entrepreneurs and Creative Thought"

Trond Petersen (Sociology)
"Family and Careers"

Jo-Ellen Pozner (Haas School of Business)
"Organizational Risk Taking and Risk Enumeration"

Barry Staw (Haas School of Business)
"The Psychology of Rivalry"

Kim Voss (Sociology)
1) "The Dynamic of Mobilization: The Immigration Protests of 2006 and the Immigrant Worker Freedom Rides of 2003"
2) "Democratic Dilemma: Union Democracy and Union Renewal; 3) workshop on Work and Labor Transformation"

Richard A. Walker (Geography)
1) "California Living New Deal"
2) "New/Green Deal Conference"

Harold Wilensky (Political Science)
"Globalization: Does it Subvert Labor Standards, Job security, and the welfare state: Book"


Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
Volume 48, No 3 (July 2009)

The following articles were published in the latest edition of Industrial Relations. To see this and other 2008-09 issues, follow the link to Wiley-Blackwell from

Race and Gender Differences in the Earnings of Black Workers
Marlene Kim

In addition to facing earnings penalties because of their race and additional penalties because of their gender, black women appear to suffer a small but additional penalty because of the intersection of their race and gender. Black women have larger gender than race penalties. Although black men have greater racial penalties than do black women, black women experience larger earnings losses because in additional to racial penalties they also face gender and race-gender interaction penalties.

Varieties of multinationals: Adapting employment practices in Central Eastern Europe
Guglielmo Meardi and Paul Marginson, Michael Fichter, Marcin Frybes, Miroslav Stanojević, András Tóth

'Home-country effects' on multinational companies' practices abroad are assessed by comparing twelve German- and US-owned plants within the same sector in the 'institutionally permissive' Poland, Hungary and Slovenia. Differences are detected on functional flexibility, corporate culture and working time, but not on participation. Work organisation seems more integral to national productive models than industrial relations. Moreover, considerable intra-model variation reflects product- and labour-market contingencies. The results support the interpretation of national models as internally heterogeneous and dynamic.

Human Resource Structures: Reducing Discrimination or Raising Rights Awareness?
Elizabeth Hirsh and Julie A. Kmec

Using data from 84 hospitals linked to EEOC discrimination-charge data, we consider how four HR structures affect hospitals' receipt of discrimination charges. HR structures that establish accountability (AA plans, EEO units) are marginally related to charges. Structures that moderate bias (management diversity training) reduce the odds of receiving a charge while structures that raise employees' rights awareness (employee diversity training) increase the odds of receiving a charge. Structures relate differently to sexual harassment versus personnel charges.

Older Married Workers and Nonstandard Jobs: The Effects of Health and Health Insurance.
Jeffrey B. Wenger and Jeremy Reynolds

We examine the effects of health and health insurance coverage on older married workers' decisions to work in temporary, contract, part-time, self-employment, and regular full-time jobs. We model the behavior of older married workers as interdependent, showing that one spouse's health and insurance status affects the employment of the other. In general we find that men and women are less likely to be employed in regular full-time jobs when they are in fair or poor health and are more likely to be in regular full-time employment when their spouses are in poor health.

Worker Control and Workplace Learning: Expansion of the Job Demand-Control Model
Johanna Weststar

This paper uses a sub-sample (N=5800) of a unique dataset on work and lifelong learning to develop the learning dimension of the Job Demand-Control model (Karasek, 1979). The model is expanded by including three distinct learning behaviors to allow for a complete assessment of workplace learning. Worker control is also expanded to include often confounded dimensions of Social and Technical Control. The results confirm that different types of learning are related to different determinants and that Social and Technical Control are key factors in learning participation.

Previous Marriage and the Lesbian Wage Premium
Nasser Daneshvary, C. Jeffrey Waddoups, Bradley S. Wimmer

This paper provides insight into the wage gap between partnered lesbians and other groups of women. Using data from the 2000 Decennial Census, we find that wages of never-married lesbians are significantly higher than wages of previously married lesbians and other groups of women. Results indicate that controlling for previous marriage reduces the estimated lesbian wage premium by approximately 20 percent. Our research also reveals that wage patterns of previously married lesbians mirror those of cohabiting heterosexual women. Overall, our results are consistent with the notion that the lesbian wage premium is driven, in part, by differences in the labor-market commitment of lesbians and heterosexual women.

Earnings and Occupational Attainment Among Immigrants
Barry R. Chiswick and Paul W. Miller

This paper examines the determinants of occupational attainment and the impact of occupation on earning among foreign-born men using the US 2000 Census. Years of schooling and proficiency in English are the key factors determining access to high-paying occupations among immigrants. Foreign labor market experience, however, has a negative impact on current occupational status, especially among those in high status jobs, due to the limited international transferability of skills acquired on the job.

Is Disability Disabling in All Workplaces? Workplace Disparities and Corporate Culture
Lisa Schur, Douglas Kruse, Joseph Blasi, and Peter Blanck

Using nearly 30,000 employee surveys from 14 companies, we find disability is linked to lower average pay, job security, training, and participation in decisions, and to more negative attitudes toward the job and company. Disability gaps in attitudes vary substantially, however, across companies and worksites, with no attitude gaps in worksites rated highly by all employees for fairness and responsiveness. The results indicate that corporate cultures that are responsive to the needs of all employees are especially beneficial for employees with disabilities.


Faculty Working Papers, 2008-09


Status Disagreement: Consequences for Group Performance and Group Member Behavior
Working Paper No. 179-09
April 29, 2009
Cameron Anderson

The Local in the Global: Rethinking Social Movements in the New Millennium
Working Paper No. 177-09
April 20, 2009
Kim Voss, Michelle Williams

Racial Bias in the Manager-Employee Relationship: An Analysis of Quits, Dismissals, and Promotions at a Large Retail Firm
Working Paper No. 178-09
March 1, 2009
Laura Giuliano, David I. Levine, Jonathan Leonard

The Effect of Industrialization on Children's Education – The Experience of Mexico
Working Paper No. 175-09
January 5, 2009
Anne Le Brun, Susan Helper, David I. Levine

Long-Run Impacts of Unions on Firms: New Evidence from Financial Markets, 1961-1999
Working Paper No. 176-09
January 2, 2009
David S. Lee, Alexandre Mas


Comparative Corporate Governance: Findings from a Workshop, March 14-15, 2008
Working Paper No. 173-08
October 8, 2008
Mark Huberty, Akasemi Newsome, Alex Street, and J. Nicholas Ziegler

Does Outsourcing Reduce Wages in the Low Wage Service Occupations? Evidence from Janitors and Guards
Working Paper No. 171-08
August 21, 2008
Arindrajit Dube, Ethan Kaplan

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Quality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers
Working Paper No. 172-08
August 18, 2008
David I. Levine, Michael W. Toffel

Should Australia Copy U.S. Employee Relations Practices?
Working Paper No. 170-08
July 7, 2008
George Strauss

The "Rules" of Brainstorming: An Impediment to Creativity?
Working Paper No. 167-08
July 7, 2008
Matthew Feinberg, Charlan Nemeth

Changing Traditions in Industrial Relations Research
Working Paper No. 160-08
July 7, 2008
Keith Whitfield, George Strauss


IRLE PROGRAMS: The Year in Review

The Labor Center

The past year saw an increase in sponsored research activities, as well as a sustained publishing program with several important new reports. The Labor Center also hosted high-profile lectures, many of which were jointly sponsored with other UC and community organizations.


Summer 2009:


  • Financial Skills Workshop
  • 4th Annual C.L. Dellums African American Union Leadership School
  • Media Skills Workshop
  • California Union Leadership School
  • Labor Summer Internship Program
  • Strategic Research Training


Spring 2009

How to Structure a "Play-or-Pay" Requirement on Employers: Lessons from California for National Health Reform
June 2009, by Ken Jacobs and Jacob Hacker
This report analyzes three notable California health-care reform proposals and uses lessons learned in California to detail how "play-or-pay" requirements on employers could be structured in a national health-care reform plan. The report was jointly written with the Berkeley Center on Health, Economic & Family Security (Berkeley CHEFS).

Academics on Employee Free Choice: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Labor Law Reform
May 2009, edited by John Logan
This report includes 13 essays on the Employee Free Choice Act, labor law, and unionization by professors and experts at nine universities and colleges throughout California. It addresses such topics as problems with current U.S. labor law; the potential impact of labor law reform on the economy; and how unionization affects such industries as the long-term care sector. Its contributors hail from UC Berkeley, UC Davis, University of Southern California, UC Irvine, UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, UC Riverside, UC Santa Cruz, and Occidental College.


No Recovery in Sight: Health Coverage for Working-Age Adults in the United States and California
April 2009, by Ken Jacobs and David Graham-Squire

A Tale of Two Tiers: Dividing Workers in the Age of Neoliberalism
Ken Jacobs, New Labor Forum, Winter 2009
Download at:
To subscribe to New Labor Forum, please visit or email

Addressing the Employment Impacts of AB 32, California's Global Warming Solutions Act
February 2009, Carol Zabin and Andrea Buffa.

My View: Health care crisis makes our economic illness worse
October 25, 2008, Ken Jacobs, op-ed in the Sacramento Bee

California's Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: A Background Paper for Labor Unions
August 2008, by Labor Center staff Andrea Buffa, Carol Zabin, Cheryl Brown, and Dave Graham-Squire, with the assistance of Tim Rainey, Peter Cooper, and Martha Bader of the California Labor Federation’s Workforce and Economic Development Program

Labor Day 2008: Recession or Not, A Downturn for Working Families
A briefing on jobs, wages and healthcare

August 2008, Sylvia Allegretto, Arindrajit Dube, Dave Graham-Squire and Ken Jacobs


  • Public Lecture: Wilma Liebman, Chair, National Labor Relations Board
  • Conference: Making Climate Change Policy Work in Difficult Economic Times: A Conference Focusing on the Job, Employment, and Equity Impacts of Carbon Pricing Policies
  • Conference: Good Jobs, Green Jobs National Conference; The Labor Center co-convened with other labor, environmental, and business organizations at the forefront of the national good jobs, green jobs movement.
  • Public Lecture: Van Jones speaking on The Green Collar Economy; Co-sponsored by UCB Labor Center
  • Book Event with Kim Bobo: Wage Theft in America: Why Millions of Working Americans Are Not Getting Paid–And What We Can Do About It
  • Book Event with David Bacon: Illegal People: How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants
  • Public Lecture: Raw Encounters: Labor Relations in Africa's Chinese Enclaves; A Talk with China Expert Ching Kwan Lee
  • Forum: Union Workers Resource Call Centers: Building Labor’s Capacity to Organize or Creating Consumer Model Unions?


  • The California Wellness Foundation: Building the 21st Century Workforce for Long-Term Care
  • The Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation: Building the 21st Century Workforce for Long-Term Care
  • Energy Foundation: Analyzing the Impact of Climate change Legislation on Jobs and the Economy
  • French American Charitable Trust: Making Climate Change Policy in Difficult Economic Times
  • Open Society Institute: Project on Improving the Quality of Jobs Held by Black Males
  • San Francisco Foundation: Central and East Contra Costa County Labor-Community Green Jobs Project
  • Evelyn & Walter Haas, Jr. Fund (renewal): Job Quality Research and Education Initiative
  • The California Endowment: California Health Policy Research Program
  • Public Welfare Foundation: Research Project on the Union Avoidance Industry and the Subversion of the Right to Organize
  • Akonadi Foundation: Program on Black Workers and Job Quality
  • Ford Foundation (two-year): Reducing Tensions Concerning Immigration and Employment
  • Mitchell Kapor Foundation: Central and East Contra Costa County Labor-Community Green Jobs Project


California Public Employee Relations: 2008-09 Year in Review


Over the past year, CPER Journal has tracked a broad range of issues in public sector labor relations, keeping practitioners abreast of the action in Sacramento, California, and Washington, D.C. The real news, of course, has been the economy. Stories in each of the journal's Recent Development sections – covering state and local government employees, public schools, and higher education – have carried a similar theme: survival.

In addition to recent developments, the journal has included the following main articles by labor relations professionals:

CPER No. 191 (August 2008)
When Firmly Held Religious Beliefs Conflict With the Right to Wedded Bliss
In 2008, county clerks' offices across California faced a new challenge after an historic ruling by the state Supreme Court announced that statutes which preclude same-sex marriage violate the California Constitution. The article discusses accommodation options should a county clerk object to issuing wedding licenses to same-sex couples because of religious beliefs.

For What It's Worth: Myth and Reality of Evidence in Arbitration
A seasoned arbitrator offers solid advice on how to use evidence most effectively and cautions, "Do not be fooled by the often-voiced myth that rules of evidence are not enforced in arbitration."

CPER No. 192 (October 2008)
U.S. Supreme Court Rejects 'Class-of-One' Theory of Equal Protection
Public sector employers were on the brink of heightened judicial scrutiny until the United States Supreme Court rejected the "class of one" theory as a basis for an Equal Protection claim. In the recent Engquist decision, the court rejected a basis for liability that would have substantially increased public sector employment litigation.

Stereotypes and Decisionmaking: Reconciling Discrimination Law With Science
The law has long recognized that gender and racial stereotyping in the workplace can constitute illegal discrimination. However, most of these cases focus on overt or conscious reasons for decisions, rather than on subtle or implicit bias. This article gives an overview of the scientific and the legal issues, highlighting where law and science are at odds.

CPER No. 193 (December 2008)
Charter Amendments, Ordinances, and Impasse Procedures, Oh My! City and County Bargaining Obligations
A description of the interplay between city charters and collecting bargaining statutes.

A Riddle Wrapped in a Mystery: Application of State Wage and Hour Provisions
An explanation of the complex and often confusing body of wage and hour laws enforced by the Department of Industrial Relations as it applies to the public sector.

CPER No. 194 (February 2009)
The ADA Amendments Act: Compliance Revisited
The latest revisions to the Americans with Disabilities Act.

DOL Issues New Final FMLA Regulations
The authors give employers solid information about the Family Medical Leave Act to update their programs and ensure compliance with the law.

CPER No. 195 (May 2009)
The Staying Power of Pensions in the Public Sector
There are difficult choices for public officials who are struggling to meet growing demands for public services in the face of declining tax revenues. This article explores why defined benefit plans have "staying power" in the public sector, from the perspective of employers, employees, and taxpayers.

The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay of 2009: The Death of the Statute of Limitations Defense?
With the enactment of the Fair Pay Act (FPA), which President Obama signed into law in January, the authors speculate that the statute of limitations defense is dead, or at least dying, in employment discrimination claims. The FPA resets the limitations period with each paycheck issued to the employee, and whenever benefits or other compensation are paid. Employees may now resuscitate discrimination claims that involve decisions that are years or decades old so long as they are tied to the employee's compensation.

Spielbauer: The Status Quo Affirmed
In the closely followed case of Spielbauer, the California Supreme Court recently upheld the well-established principle that a public employee does not have a constitutional right to avoid dismissal by refusing to answer potentially incriminating questions about his or her job performance.

Supreme Court Restores Promise of Whistleblower Act for State Employees
The California Supreme Court's decision in Arbuckle increases protection for state employee whistleblowers by reducing the number of hurdles that must be cleared before suing for damages.

Supreme Court: Collective Bargaining Agreement Can Require Union Members to Arbitrate Discrimination Claims
In the much anticipated decision of Pyett, the United States Supreme Court announced that a provision in a collective bargaining agreement that clearly and unmistakably requires union members to arbitrate employment discrimination claims is enforceable under federal law.


Pocket Guide to Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights Act
Just like CPER's Pocket Guide to Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights Act became our best seller for peace officers, this portable and affordable guide is destined to be a "must have" for every firefighter. The law, which became effective January 1, 2009, was modeled in large part on the peace officer bill of rights act. Case law interpreting the PSOPBRA is sure to be applied in interpreting the new legislation, but there are both subtle and not so subtle differences that will require the courts to address issues of first impression.

Pocket Guide to Layoff Rules Affecting Classified Employees
Pocket Guide to Layoff Rules Affecting Certificated Employees
In order to meet an immediate need by labor organizations that represent public school employees, such as the California School Employees Association, California Teachers Association, and California Federation of Teachers, CPER added two new titles to its Pocket Guide Series. These guides are available to union and management representatives and union members at a time when school districts are planning layoffs unprecedented in scope.

New editions coming this summer:

Pocket Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act (2nd edition)
To be published in May, this new edition focuses on the Act's impact in the public sector workplace and explains the complicated provisions of the law that have vexed public sector practitioners, like the "salary basis" test and deductions from pay and leave for partial-day absences.

Pocket Guide to the Basics of Labor Relations (2nd edition)
It takes time and experience to understand the nuances of labor relations, but here's a start. For managers who have just been given an assignment that includes labor relations responsibility, or newly appointed union representatives who may be feeling a bit overwhelmed, this Pocket Guide provides an orientation for what can be a difficult, but rewarding, line of work.

Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act (3rd edition)
A "user friendly" guide to the federal Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 and the California Family Rights Act of 1993. The Pocket Guide spells out who is eligible for leave, increments in which leave can be used, various methods of calculating leave entitlements, record keeping and notice requirements, and enforcement. The rights and responsibilities of both employers and employees under each of the statutes are discussed. The reader is given an understandable summary of the acts' provisions that emphasizes the differences between the two laws and advises which provision to follow. This is a clear and concise reference for employees who are eligible for benefits, union officials questioned about employee entitlements, and labor relations managers charged with implementing the act.


Center for Collaborative Solutions: 20th Annual Labor-Management Conference
March 2009, Anaheim
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo moderated two panels: one, a public sector labor relations update; the other addressing privacy issues and Internet use in the workplace.

California Federation of Teachers Convention
March 2009, Sacramento
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo gave a presentation to the Council of Classified Employees. The topic: layoffs.

15th Annual Labor and Employment Public Sector Conference
April 2009, Sacramento
CPER Director Carol Vendrillo led the opening panel of the program, an update on public sector labor and employment law.

Labor and Employment Relations Association
January 2009, San Francisco
CPER Associate Editor Katherine Thomson represented CPER.

San Francisco Bar Association, Labor and Employment Law Section Conference
April 2009, Yosemite
CPER Associate Editor Katherine Thomson represented CPER.


California Studies Center (CSC)

CSC sponsors activities of the California Studies Association and co-sponsors California's Living New Deal Project (CLNDP) with the IRLE Library.

California Studies Association (CSA)

The California Studies Center hosted the monthly California Studies Dinner-Seminars at 2521 Channing Way, thanks to a grant from IRLE. Seminar attendance averaged 20-30 people, with a wide range of interesting speakers. CSA's website migrated to IRLE, with substantial improvements in appearance and functionality, thanks to IRLE Web Administrator Heather Lynch. CSA held its 19th annual conference on April 24, 2009, at DeAnza College, on the theme "Debugging Silicon Valley". CSC Chair Professor Richard A. Walker spoke on the 'Changing Landscape of Silicon Valley' and "The Economic Crisis in Silicon Valley".

California's Living New Deal Project

CLNDP grew rapidly during the 2008-09 year, and has been driven by the growth and maturity of its Web site. The Web-accessible database is being populated by GSRs Lindsey Dillon and Alex Tarr, who were supported with an IRLE GSR grant to Prof. Walker.

CLNDP held two workshops for participants from museums, history centers and other organizations from around the state, to learn about the project and how to discover subject data. One was held at the IRLE, the other at the California Historical Society, CSC's partner in the CLNDP. The overall project was supported with a $100,000 grant from the Columbia Foundation, most of which went to hire project director Lisa Eriksen at the CHS.

The media have paid close attention to CDLNP. Project Scholar Gray Brechin made numerous presentations at historical associations and other meetings, and was covered by local and national news media. He was also interviewed by Spencer Michaels of the News Hour with Jim Lehrer, a nationally televised show with extensive Web coverage that runs in tandem with television.


Center for Culture, Organizations and Politics

CCOP is involved in co-sponsoring two events in August for the American Sociological Association (ASA) meetings in SF. The first is a mini-conference by the Economic Sociology Section on "Markets and Politics". The second is a mini-conference sponsored by the Theory Section of the ASA for "young theorists." Marion Fourcade and Neil Fligstein are working on the first conference and Professor Fligstein and Steve Vaisey–a new Sociology faculty member–are working on the second conference.

CCOP's other main activity in 2008-2009 was its bi-weekly colloquium.

Looking ahead, CCOP has some interesting projects in the works. First, CCOP may be bringing in a post doctoral program from the National Science Foundation that will focus on the current economic crisis and its possible negative outcomes for workers and families. Second, CCOP is going to have a few visiting graduate students scholars from the Max Planck Institute. Third, the Center is planning a workshop to discuss the manuscript of the book that Professors Fligtstein and Doug McAdam (Stanford-Sociology) are writing on the central topic of the CCOP seminar, the sociological theory of strategic action fields.


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE)

As interest rises in promoting high-quality early care and education (ECE) experiences for young children, and assuring the consistent presence of excellent, well-trained teachers, CSCCE continues its leading role in research and policy development on ECE workforce issues at the state and national levels.

This year, the Center completed Year I of its five-year "Learning Together" study, focusing on four California counties' efforts to expand bachelor's degree opportunities in ECE for working adults. The study is tracking students and graduates in six B.A. completion cohort programs, in which small groups of adults working in the ECE field pursue a course of study together and receive a variety of support services.

CSCCE also received a first-year grant from the W. Clement and Jessie V. Stone Foundation for "No Single Ingredient," a multi-year study to better identify the components of B.A.-level ECE teacher preparation programs, and workplace environments, that most reliably result in effective teacher practices and the retention of a culturally and linguistically diverse workforce.

In May 2009, CSCCE released its latest publication, a two-part research and policy report entitled, Preparing Teachers of Young Children: The Current State of Knowledge, and a Blueprint for the Future.


Center for Work, Technology and Society

Center Chair Professor Clair Brown, along with co-author Greg Linden, completed their manuscript on the semiconductor industry, which will be published by MIT Press this summer. Chips and Change: How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry explores eight crises. The book begins with an analysis of America's loss to Japan of global leadership in the semiconductor industry in the mid-1980s. Rapid technological change and innovation has resulted in escalating costs of manufacturing and of design, the book explores how the industry has responded to these challenges in a variety of ways, including through moving manufacturing and then design activities to lower cost foreign locations. Moving manufacturing abroad, especially to Taiwanese foundries, had a positive impact on California, where design-only (fables) chip companies flourished once they had a reliable way to have their chips produced. The chip industry relies on the global circulation of engineering talent, and the US has attracted bright foreign engineering graduate students, whose return on investment in graduate education is extremely high because their job opportunities are much better in the US than at home. Most foreigners remain to work for US companies once they earn their graduate degrees. Although US engineers earn relatively high salaries, older engineers face deteriorating a job market as they experience declining real earnings. Companies who claim they face a shortage of engineering talent should retrain their older engineers rather than hire younger engineers. Clair was invited to Japan in October to present their findings at seminars at Hitotsubashi University.

In another project, Clair Brown has worked with graduate students Young Lee, Sean Tanner, and Sarah Anders on analyzing on workers' perceptions of how trade is affecting jobs in the US, using the newly-released General Social Survey. Along with a group of researchers at MIT and the University of Chicago, she developed a GSS module on globalization and job characteristics to explore to what types of jobs are most susceptible to being sent abroad, and how workers' perceptions of job security and trade are related to the characteristics of the workers' jobs and of their employers.


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

The 2008-09 academic was marked by several milestones for the Library, with important steps forward in the areas of digital collections, reference and research support, Web administration and print publications, working papers, and usage of the Library Commons. A summary of highlights follows below.

Digital Collections

With assistance from the UC Labor and Employment Research Fund (LERF), the Library created three new digital repositories. The Proceedings and publications of the California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO has been very popular with scholars, and provides a full century of historical documents which are available to anyone with Web access. IRLE's own papers and publications have also been digitized, along with a multi-subject collection of industrial relations pamphlets, reports and manuscripts. The latter includes a selection of materials covering longshore workers, pension plans, and more. In October 2008, Librarian Terry Huwe was invited to speak about the project at Internet Librarian International in London. Find these collections at:

California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Publications

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment: Publications and Papers

California and West Coast Labor and Industrial Relations: Selected Publications

Reference and Research Support

The Library continued to provide expert assistance to the scholars of IRLE as well as the campus and the public–a top priority for the staff. Many patrons are referred to IRLE from state government, other libraries, and other universities. The number of questions that staff answer has remained steady, even as the questions are increasingly originating online, via the Web and by telephone referral. Janice Kimball made several presentations to unions and labor studies programs; Terry Huwe and Janice Kimball continued to offer in-depth personal consultations with faculty and staff, and were involved as teachers in the Labor Center's 2098 Labor Summer Program.

Web Administration and IRLE Print Publications

Web administrator Heather Lynch implemented several advances during the year. Heather's innovative Web strategies have led to time-savings for Labor Center program in handling online registration workflows; a new Intranet that is much easier to use; and an overall leap in the quality of the IRLE Web. Heather also has generated several publications for IRLE, working with Librarian Terry Huwe, who edited them. California's Living New Deal Project was wholly designed by Heather, and has been mentioned frequently in the press and on television. Perhaps most important of all, IRLE's intellectual content is easily accessible to the public, and this has kept Web traffic very high, with total downloads per year running into the millions.

IRLE Working Paper Series See High Web Traffic

All of the IRLE working paper series, ranging from its main series to a number of series published by various units, continue to see high traffic. the eScholarship Repository reports that downloads of IRLE papers continues to exceed 50,000 per year.

The Library Commons

The Library Commons has seen increasing use, not only by visiting scholars and IRLE affiliated faculty, but also by campus visitors. Access to the University's digital libraries and resources, coupled with the comfortable and inviting ambience of the room are key attractions for return visitors. Multiple users and groups have been able to co-exist within the space, which can be used for small meetings as well as for study.


Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop (IIW)

IIW continued its mission as a single clearing house and center to help researchers who study immigration come together. While the Berkeley campus houses numerous individuals with an expertise on immigration and a few area centers with an interest in migrants from a specific region, IIW continues to be the only forum that brings together scholars of migration and immigrant integration. The goals of the workshop are threefold: to provide an interdisciplinary forum for workshop members to get feedback on their immigration-related research projects; to serve as a venue for information dissemination among members; and to provide a forum for inviting guest speakers to talk about immigration matters to the Berkeley campus and interested community members.

In Spring 2009, the workshop hosted world-renowned migration scholar Professor Alejandro Portes, from Princeton University, who spoke on transnationalism and migrants' civic organizations.

During spring 2009, the following students made presentation to the group:

Esperanza Sanchez (UCB social work)
Rebecca Hamlin (UCB political science)
Luisa Farah Schwartzman (Wisconsin sociology)
Graham Hill (UCB sociology)
Jason Davis (UCB demography, geography)
Morris Levy (UCB political science)

Upcoming Conference

The Berkeley Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop will host the American Sociological Association International Migration section's first-ever "Making Connections" mini-conference this summer. This is a "first ever" event and promises to be of interest to many researchers.

American Sociological Association International Migration Section Mini-Conference: "Making Connections"
Friday, August 7, 2009
Lipman Room,
Barrows Hall, University of California, Berkeley campus

"Making Connections" will engage migration researchers from all career stages in sustained conversation on common interest and to provide an opportunity to make new connections.

The conference will run a full day, with two sets of morning roundtables, a keynote luncheon panel on "(How) Can Social Scientists Affect Policy?" and a special afternoon panel on "Comparative Migration and Integration: Empirical and Conceptual Contributions beyond the US."

Morning roundtables will focus on the nuts and bolts of conducting migration research and substantive migration topics. Rather than traditional paper presentations, roundtables will be presided over by topical experts who will provide short syntheses of the field or offer concrete tips from their own experiences. Presiders will then moderate a general conversation among all participants at the table.


Labor Project for Working Families – Year in Review (2008-2009)

In 2008-2009, the Labor Project for Working Families continued bring together unions, community groups, work family experts and policymakers to champion for important work family benefits and policies including paid sick days, job-protected and affordable family and medical leave, and worker-controlled workplace flexibility. Here is a glimpse of the Labor Project's efforts and achievements over the past year:

Resources & Publications

  • In March 2009, we launched LEARN WorkFamily – a unique FREE online labor and education resource network to help unions build a family friendly workplace culture. A highlight of this network is a password-protected online database of contract language on work family issues such as family leave, childcare, elder care, flexible work options, adoption, bereavement leave and much more. For more information, visit

  • Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project, authored a chapter on "Union Strategies for Work-Family Issues: Collective Bargaining and Public Policies" in a recently published book Work-Life Policies edited by Ann C. Crouter and Alan Booth, The Urban Institute Press.

  • We enhanced our work family training curriculum – Making it Work Better: A Work Family Educational Program – to help union instructors, facilitators and discussion leaders educate union members and leaders about work family issues. The curriculum is available for a FREE download on the Labor Project's website:

Awards & Grants

  • The Labor Project won the 2008 Rosalinde Gilbert Innovations in Alzheimer's Disease Caregiving Legacy Award in recognition of our policy and advocacy efforts on family leave. The Labor Project was among three nonprofit organizations to be awarded $20,000 each in a national competition. For more information, see

  • We also won awards for General Excellence in the 2008 International Labor Communications Association (ILCA) Media Contest for our newsletter Labor Family News and website

  • In June 2008, the Labor Project was awarded a grant from the Women's Foundation of California's Economic Development & Justice (EDJe) Fund to work on a state policy initiative on paid sick days.

Policy Initiatives

  • The Labor Project spearheaded the California Work and Family Coalition's efforts to push for state legislation guaranteeing paid sick days for all California workers. The legislation, first introduced by Assemblywoman Fiona Ma (D-San Francisco) in 2008, was successfully passed by the State Assembly and was heard but not passed by the Senate. In 2009, Assemblywoman Ma reintroduced the Healthy Workplaces, Healthy Families Act (AB 1000). The Assembly Labor and Employment Committee passed AB 1000 in April 2009. To learn more, visit

  • The Labor Project also pushed for paid sick days and paid family leave policies at the state and federal levels in partnership with labor and community advocates in the national Multi-State Working Families Consortium.

  • We promoted an agenda on Valuing Families at Work that sets priorities for Federal action in 2009 and beyond (available at

Presentations & Trainings

  • We continued to educate union members and staff about the California Paid Family Leave law and how it interacts with other federal and state laws. In 2008-2009, we offered PFL trainings to over 300 union members and staff from 9 different unions in California.

  • In June 2008, Jenya Cassidy, Training & Education Coordinator of the Labor Project, spoke about workplace and public policies around caregivers' rights at the American Library Association National meeting in Anaheim, CA.

  • In July 2008, Brandy Davis, Policy Coordinator of the Labor Project, led a workshop on work family issues for AFSCME women leaders at AFSCME's 38th International Convention in San Francisco, CA.

  • In August 2008, the Labor Project and the VOICE Coalition hosted a forum on child care for parents, advocates and providers to discuss how Alameda County should address the crisis in child care that exists at the local, state and national level.

  • In October 2008, Vibhuti Mehra, Communications & Development Director of the Labor Project, participated in a panel on "Women and Money: How Women are Transforming Economics, Values and Power" at the 2008 Bioneers Conference in San Rafael, CA.

  • In November 2008, Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project, participated in a panel on "Paid Leave, Who Has It, Who Uses It and What are the Costs and Benefits" at the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Conference in Los Angeles, CA.

  • In January 2009, Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project, presented on "Union Strategies for Work Family Issues: Collective Bargaining and Public Policies" at the Labor and Employment Relations Association Annual Meeting in San Francisco, CA.

  • In January 2009, Vibhuti Mehra, Communications & Development Director of the Labor Project, presented a poster session "LEARN WorkFamily - A Unique Online Labor Education and Resource Network" at the Labor and Employment Relations Association Annual Meeting in San Francisco, CA.

  • In January 2009, Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project, presented on "National Workplace Policies" at the California Working Families Policy Summit in Sacramento, CA.

  • In March 2009, Netsy Firestein, Executive Director of the Labor Project, presented on work and family policies at the Association on Aging Conference in Las Vegas, CA.

  • In April 2009, Vibhuti Mehra, Communications & Development Director of the Labor Project for Working Families presented a workshop on "Organizing and Bargaining for Work Family Benefits" at the Minnesota Union Women's Leadership Retreat in Brainerd, MN.


Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy

The Vial Center was launched during the 2008-09 academic year, with the charge of creating an intellectual commons for researchers who are studying renewable energy, wholly new forms of "green" energy production, and not least, the employment and labor issues that accompany the growth of an entire new economic sector. The Center attracted a prestigious group of advisory board members and a motivated cohort of faculty researchers.

The Vial Center established a lecture series that featured some leading voices in the green economy, including Van Jones, who recently joined the Obama Administration as a special advisor. Many of these high-profile lectures were co-sponsored with several UC Berkeley programs and community organizations. The Center also published reports and papers on a variety of new and provocative topics. Highlights follow below. A full listing of the Vial Center's activities may be found at

Working Papers & Publications

"Addressing the Employment Impacts of AB32, California's Global Warming Solutions Act."
by Carol Zabin and Andrea Buffa, February 2009

"Climate Action, Energy Efficiency, and Job Creation in California."
by David Roland-Holst, September 2008

"California's Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: A Background Paper for Labor Unions."
By Andrea Buffa, Carol Zabin, Cheryl Brown, and David Graham-Squire at the Center for Labor Research and Education, UC Berkeley, with assistance of Tim Rainey, Peter Cooper, and Martha Bader of the Workforce and Economic Development Program, California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO, August 2008

Lectures and Presentations

September 22, 2008
Climate Action, Energy Efficiency, and Job Creation in California
David Roland-Holst, Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, will be giving a talk about his new paper as a part of the IRLE Fall Colloquium Series.

February 2, 2009
"Green House Gas Policies and California Employment"
Peter Berck, Professor, Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley

February 11, 2009
Berkeley Energy and Resources Collaborative (BERC): 2nd Annual Lecture - Van Jones on the Green Collar Economy on February 11th
Founding President of Green For All, Senior Fellow with the Center for American Progress, and Founder of the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights
Don Vial Center on Employment and the Green Economy
UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education

March 11, 2009
Vial Center Seminar: "What is at stake for labor interests in climate policy design – and what can they win at the table?"
Holmes Hummel, Visiting specialist on Climate and Energy Policy Design, Energy Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley

April 20, 2009
Vial Center Seminar: Examining Employment Opportunities for Economically Disadvantaged Urban Residents
Malo Hutson, Professor, City & Regional Planning Department, University of California, Berkeley.

May 5, 2009
Making Climate Change Policy Work in Difficult Economic Times: A Conference Focusing on the Job and Equity Impacts of Carbon Pricing Policies
Co-Sponsors: UC Berkeley Labor Center, Apollo Alliance, California Labor Federation's Workforce and Economic Development Program, California State Building and Construction Trades Council, Don Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy, Energy Foundation, Environmental Justice and Climate Change Initiative, Western Climate Advocates Network (WeCAN), and others.

Advisory Board

Robert Balgenorth - President, Building and Construction Trades Council of California
Severin Borenstein - Director, UC Energy Institute and Professor, Haas School of Business
Don Campbell - Executive Director, Northern California National Electrical Contractors Association
Ralph Cavanaugh - Senior Attorney, Natural Resources Defense Council
Tom Dalzell - Business Manager, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local 1245
Juliet Ellis - Executive Director, Urban Habitat
Richard Ferguson - Director, Center of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Technology
William Gallegos - Executive Director, Communities for a Better Environment
Kate Gordon - Co-Director, Apollo Alliance
Michael Hanemann - Director, California Climate Change Center and Professor, Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley
Sharon Huntsman - Executive Director, California Edge Campaign
Van Jones - Founder & President, Green for All
Daniel Kammen - Director, Institute of the Environment and Professor, Goldman School of Public Policy, UC Berkeley
Ian Kim - Director, Green Jobs Program, Ella Baker Center
Dave Kruse - Representative, Mechanical Contractors Association
Chuck Mack - International Vice President, Teamsters
Nancy McFadden - Senior Vice President, Pacific Gas & Electric
Patrick Mason - President, California Foundation on the Environment and the Economy
Gabriel Metcalf - Executive Director, San Francisco Planning & Urban Research Association
Michael Peevey - President, California Public Utilities Commission
Art Pulaski - Executive Secretary-Treasurer, California Labor Federation
David Sickler - Center for Labor Research & Education, UCLA
Mathew Smith - Board Member, Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors' National Association
Jan Smutny-Jones - Executive Director, Independent Energy Producers Association
Laura Tyson - Professor, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley
Carl Zichella - Regional Director, Sierra Club California