May - June 2007 (20)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

IRLE News & Events
Next eNews: September 2007
Margaret Weir Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
May 2007 Colloquium Series
Industrial Relations Journal: Articles and Abstracts for Volume 46, No. 2
Forthcoming Issues, July 2007, Volume 46, No. 2
IRLE Working Paper Series
IRLE Holds Special Conference on April 20: "Understanding the Immigration Protests of Spring 2006: Lessons Learned, Future Trajectories"
New Visiting Scholars

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center Hosts "The Crisis in the California Commons"
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus Events
Center for Latin American Studies
Institute for the Study of Social Change


Editor's Note:

Our next edition will appear in September 2007.

Margaret Weir Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

IRLE past director Margaret Weir was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, along with a total of seven UC Berkeley faculty members. The Campus NewsCenter has published a Web feature on this year's class of new Berkeley members at the following URL:

Congratulations, Margaret!

May 2007 Colloquium Series

IRLE Colloquia are held in the Large Conference Room at noon on the dates shown. For a full listing of 2006-2007 colloquia, see the IRLE web:

May 7, 2007
"Turquoise Investment Strategies: New Frontiers for Labor/Environmental Advocacy"
Kirsten Snow Spalding, former Executive Director, CPCFA ,California Pollution Control Financing Authority; former Chair, Center for Labor Research and Education.

May 16, 2007
"The Knowledge-Led Accumulation Regime: a Theory of the Current Era of Capitalism"
Hungkee Kim, Kyungpook National University, Korea. Visiting Scholar, Center for Korean Studies, UC Berkeley

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
Volume 46 Issue 2 – April 2007

Special Symposium Issue: Governing the Global Workplace
Symposium Guest Editors: Mario F. Bognanno, John W. Budd, and Morris M. Kleiner


Globalization, Human Resource Practices and Innovation: Recent Evidence from the Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey
This study examines the triangular relationship that connects the degree to which a workplace is internationally engaged, the extent to which it innovates, and the human resource practices it adopts. By pooling various years of data from the Canadian Workplace and Employee Survey, a nationally representative data set, we found that certain practices, such as variable pay and autonomy training, are more likely to be used in international workplaces. We subsequently found that for an international workplace, the use of variable pay contributes very little to workplace innovation while autonomy training has a positive relationship with innovation.

Integrating Human Resource and Technological Capabilities: The Influence of Global Business Strategies on Workplace Strategy Choices
Treating workplace strategies as the integration of human resource and technological capabilities, a typology of workplace strategy emphases is developed. The choice among these alternative workplace strategy emphases is treated as a function of market-positioning priorities and the multinational scope of firms. Accordingly, a multinomial choice model is specified, which is tested against a sample of firms in the U.S. automotive supplier industry. The model obtains substantial empirical support. Among the findings is evidence consistent with the proposition that due to cross-border, isomorphic constraints, multinational companies are less likely than national companies to pursue workplace strategies emphasizing human resource capabilities, choosing instead to favor the diffusion of workplace strategies emphasizing technological capabilities.

Who's On the Line? Indian Call Center Agents Pose as Americans for U.S.-Outsourced Firms
This paper explores the globalization of service work through an analysis of customer service call centers in India for U.S. firms. It reveals a new kind of managerial strategy, "national identity management," in which employees are asked to subsume different national identities as part of the job. Through interviews with over eighty Indian call center personnel and case studies of three call centers, this paper analyzes how and why ethnicity and citizenship have become crucial elements of the labor process. It builds upon and elaborates seminal theories of managerial control in interactive service work, including Hochschild's theory of emotion management and Leidner's theory of scripting. It argues that globalization fundamentally alters the relationship of the actors, the purpose and practice of managerial control, and the outcomes for those involved. In addition, it reflects on theories of advancing information and communication technology (ICT), and global identity. Some scholars argue that the development of ICTs will lead to a homogenization (especially an "Americanization") of identities, while others see increasing global disjuncture and renegotiation of identities. Instead, this analysis reveals a continuum of responses by workers to the process of national identity management, and the forging of multiple, internally differentiated ethnic identities. It concludes by arguing that customer service work will continue to be globalized, and as a result, issues of "nation" will increasingly surface within interactive service work.

Do Industrial Relations Institutions Influence Foreign Direct Investment? Evidence from OECD Nations
The potential impact of industrial relations institutions on economic outcomes has been a key element in analyzing the governing of the global workplace. We present case information and analysis that show that there are trade-offs between higher levels of economic outcomes and greater equity and employee voice associated with more and deeper labor market institutions. The estimates from the model show the impact of industrial relations system policies within a nation on a country's foreign direct investment (FDI) from other nations for the period 1985 through 2000 using data from nations that are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Examples of the impact of major transformations in national industrial relations systems on FDI for UK and New Zealand also are presented. Our results show that higher levels of industrial relations institutions from the firms' perspective are usually associated with lower levels of FDI.

Globalization and Declining Unionization in the United States
For decades, the private-sector unionization rate in the United States has been falling. At the same time, the integration of the United States into the world economy has been rising. Many anecdotes suggest the latter has played a role in that decline, with unions feeling pressured to reduce employment and/or compensation demands in the face of rising cross-border activity of employers. To investigate this possibility econometrically, in this paper I assembled a panel of U.S. manufacturing industries that matches union-coverage rates with measures of global engagement such as exports, imports, tariffs, transportation costs, and foreign direct investment. The main finding is a statistically and economically significant correlation between falling union coverage and greater numbers of inward FDI transactions. Possible interpretations of this finding are then discussed. Because U.S. affiliates of foreign multinationals have higher unionization rates than U.S.-based firms do, this correlation does not reflect just a compositional shift toward these affiliates. Instead, it may reflect pressure of international capital mobility on U.S.-based companies, consistent with research on how rising capital mobility raises labor-demand elasticities and alters bargaining power.

U.S. Multinational Activity Abroad and U.S. Jobs: Substitutes or Complements?
Critics of globalization claim that firms are being driven by the prospects of cheaper labor and lower labor standards to shift employment abroad. Yet the evidence, beyond anecdotes, is slim. This paper reports stylized facts on the activities of U.S. multinationals at home and abroad for the years 1977 to 1999. We focus on firms in manufacturing and services, two sectors that have received extensive media attention for supposedly exporting jobs. Using firm-level data collected by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) in Washington, D.C., we report correlations between U.S. multinational employment at home and abroad. Preliminary evidence based on the operations of these multinationals suggests that the sign of the correlation depends on the crucial distinction between affiliates in high-income and low-income countries. For affiliates in high-income countries there is a positive correlation between jobs at home and abroad, suggesting that foreign employment of U.S. multinationals is complementary to domestic employment. For firms that operate in developing countries, employment has been cut in the United States, and affiliate employment has increased. To account for firm size, substitution across firms and entry and exit, we aggregate our data to the industry level. This exercise reveals that the observed "complementarity" between U.S. and foreign jobs has been driven largely by a contraction across all manufacturing sectors. It also reveals that foreign employment in developing countries has substituted for U.S. employment in several highly visible industries, including computers, electronics, and transportation. The fact that there were U.S. jobs lost to foreign affiliates in key sectors, despite broad complementarity in hiring and firing decisions between U.S. parents and their affiliates, helps explain why economists view the impact of globalization on U.S. jobs as benign despite negative news coverage for declining industries.

Enforcing Labor Rights against Multinational Corporate Groups in Europe
Voluntary corporate codes of conduct for multinational enterprises can have certain quasi-legal effects for national legal systems, but the enforcement of labor standards remains at the national level. Two main obstacles to the enforcement of labor rights against multinationals are limited access to justice in multinationals' home countries and the concept of limited liability. These obstacles are understood differently in common law and civil law jurisdictions and require different approaches to overcome them.

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society

Forthcoming Articles: July 2007, volume 46, number 3
(eNews Editor's Note: The following abstracts may be revised before the issue goes to press.)

Centralized Wage Bargaining and the "Celtic Tiger Phenomenon
Lucio Baccaro and Marco Simoni
Drawing on a variety of sources and research methods, this article argues that centralized wage bargaining contributed to the "Celtic Tiger phenomenon by linking wage increases in the dynamic MNC sector to wage and productivity increases in the much more sluggish domestic sector of the economy and, in so doing, considerably increasing the competitiveness of foreign multinational companies a key driver of Irish growth. The article also argues that much received wisdom about the institutional and organizational preconditions for centralized wage regulation needs to be reconsidered in light of the Irish case. Public sector unions played a pivotal role in initiating and sustaining wage centralization, yet their leadership role did not undermine its effectiveness. Likewise, internal democratic procedures and the absence of wage compression policies, rather than centralized organizational structures, facilitated compliance with centralized wage policies.

Labor Market Outcomes of Persons with Mental Disorders
Marjorie L. Baldwin and Steven C. Marcus
We present nationally representative estimates of unexplained employment and wage differentials between non-disabled persons and persons with mental disorders, a disabled group subject to exceptionally strong stigma. Estimates are provided for persons with mental disorders overall, and for subgroups of mood, anxiety, adjustment, and psychotic disorders. The results reveal distinctly different patterns of outcomes across subgroups, consistent with a severity gradient such that persons with adjustment disorders experience the most favorable outcomes, while persons with psychotic disorders experience the least favorable.

Finance, Corporate Governance, and the Employment Relationship
Boyd Black, Howard Gospel, and Andrew Pendleton
This comparative paper examines the relationship between equity markets and corporate governance on the one hand, and job tenure, training, and pay on the other. Two dimensions of equity markets and corporate governance are used: share trading activity and mergers and acquisitions. There is support for the posited links between these measures and job tenure, employee stock ownership plans, pay dispersion, and collective bargaining arrangements. Evidence on the relationship with training is more mixed.

State Dependence, Accommodations and the Post-Injury Employment of Disabled Workers
Michele Campolieti
This paper examines the post-injury employment patterns of disabled workers from Ontario, Canada, by estimating a dynamic probit model with unobserved effects. The estimates indicate that there is some state dependence in the conditional probability of leaving employment for health reasons and that an employer accommodation can reduce the conditional probability of leaving employment for health reasons by 33 percent. Moreover, a supplementary cross-sectional analysis confirms that accommodations can reduce the probability of leaving employment.

Decentralization of Collective Agreements and Rising Wage Inequality in Israel
Tali Kristal and Yinon Cohen
This paper presents a systematic analysis of the decentralization of the Israeli system of collective bargaining, and its contribution to the rise in earnings inequality. We analyze quantitatively all collective agreements that were signed between 1957 and 2003, and present the scale, scope and timing of five dimensions of decentralization. The findings suggest that decentralization started in the mid-1970s when national agreements were less likely to be extended to non-union employees; it was intensified in 1975-80 when nationwide industrial agreements were supplanted by occupational and local agreements. Decentralization became fully consolidated by 1987 when peak-level agreements covering the entire private sector were no longer signed. We then present evidence (including time series analyses that control for union density and macro economic indicators) that the process of decentralization, especially the decline in the use of extension orders and the proliferation of local agreements, explains a significant part of the sharp rise in earnings inequality in Israel during 1970-2003.

New Evidence on Gender Differences in Promotion Rates: An Empirical Analysis of a Sample of New Hires
Francine D. Blau and Jed DeVaro
Using a large sample of establishments drawn from the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality (MCSUI) employer survey, we study gender differences in promotion rates and in the wage gains attached to promotions. Several unique features of our data distinguish our analysis from the previous literature on this topic. First, we have information on the wage increases attached to promotions, and relatively few studies on gender differences have considered promotions and wage increases together. Second, our data include job-specific worker performance ratings, allowing us to control for performance and ability more precisely than through commonly-used skill indicators such as educational attainment or tenure. Third, in addition to standard information on occupation and industry, we have data on a number of other firm characteristics, enabling us to control for these variables while still relying on a broad, representative sample, as opposed to a single firm or a similarly narrowly-defined population. Our results indicate that women have lower probabilities of promotion and expected promotion than do men but that there is essentially no gender difference in wage growth with or without promotions.

High-Commitment Work Practices and Downsizing Harshness in Australian Workplaces
Roderick D. Iverson and Christopher D. Zatzick
This study examines the relationship between high-commitment work practices (HCWP) and downsizing. The results based on a large, representative sample of Australian workplaces supported our predictions. Consistent with previous research, HCWP were positively related to workforce reduction. However, workplaces with more HCWP used less harsh strategies (e.g., more employee friendly approaches to downsizing) such as voluntary layoffs and early retirement than the harsher strategy of compulsory layoffs. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Defined Contribution Plans and the Distribution of Pension Wealth
William Even and David Macpherson
Over the past 20 years, the defined benefit plan has been replaced by the defined contribution plan as the most popular form of pension plan. This study examines the likely consequences of this transformation for both the level and distribution of future pension wealth using a sample of defined benefit (DB) and defined contribution plans (DC) from the Survey of Consumer Finances. The results reveal that the shift from DB to DC plans is likely to simultaneously increase the level and inequality of pension wealth at retirement. The evidence also suggests that the shift to DC plans may result in less pension wealth at retirement for low income workers, women, and minorities.

Social Partnership in Ireland and New Social Pacts
William K. Roche
Social partnership in Ireland has attracted considerable international attention. This paper examines the origins, focus and institutional architecture of the Irish social partnership model. The paper examines social partnership in the context of the theory of social pacts and suggests that the institutionalisation of social partnership can be attributed to the continuing significance of compensatory political exchange, the influences of partnership networks and the effects of new mechanisms for conflict resolution.

Defending Dock Workers Globalization and Labor Relations in the World's Ports
Peter J. Turnbull and Victoria J. Wass
Globalization has precipitated a major restructuring of the world's ports and brought in its wake a marked deterioration in dock workers' terms and conditions of employment. Many trade unions have found it difficult to protect their members interests against this international race-to-the-bottom, most notably in those countries where dock labor has been historically poorly organized but also where industrial restructuring has been used as a vehicle to de-unionize the industry. Other unions have been more successful, either by working in concert with private employers and public port authorities or by mobilizing their membership to contest and contain the process of industrial restructuring.

IRLE Working Paper Series, 2006-2007

The following papers were published during the past academic year. We anticipate adding additional papers before June 30, 2007. Academic departments are given for lead author on the papers below.


Clair Brown and Greg Linden - Economics (January 25, 2007)
Semiconductor Engineers in a Global Economy

Hillary Anger Elfenbein - Haas School of Business (January 19, 2007)
Emotion in Organizations: A Review in Stages

Sebastian Etchemendy and Ruth Berins Collier - Political Science (January 25, 2007)
Down but Not Out: The Recovery of a Downsized Labor Movement in Argentina (2002-2006)

Neil Fligstein - Sociology (Upload scheduled for June 2007)
Shareholder Value and the Transformation of American Industries, 1984-2001

The Sociology of Markets
Rucker C. Johnson and Robert F. Schoeni - The Goldman School of Public Policy (January 2, 2007)
The Influence of Early-Life Events on Human Capital, Health Status, and Labor Market Outcomes Over the Life Course

David I. Levine and Jonathan Leonard - Haas School of Business (Upload scheduled for June 2007)
Diversity, Discrimination and Performance

Charlan Nemeth and Margaret Ormiston - Psychology (Upload scheduled for June 2007)
Creative Idea Generation: Harmony versus Stimulation

Marko Tervio - Haas School of Business (Upload scheduled for June 2007)
The Difference that CEOs Make: An Assignment Model Approach

Ximing Wu and Jeffrey M. Perloff - Agricultural and Resource Economics (January 25, 2007)
Information-Theoretic Deconvolution Approximation of Treatment Effect Distribution


Arindrajit Dube, Suresh Naidu, and Michael Reich - IRLE (May 18, 2006)
The Economic Impacts of a Citywide Minimum Wage

Trond Petersen, Vermund Snartland, and Eva M. Meyersson Milgrom - Haas School of Business (August 9, 2006)
Are Female Workers Less Productive Than Male Workers?

Trond Petersen and Thea Togstad - Haas School of Business (June 23, 2006)
Getting the Offer: Sex Discrimination in Hiring

Tobias Schulze-Cleven - Political Science (May 11, 2006)
The Politics of an Experimental Society: Creating Labor Market Flexibility in Europe

Dylan Riley and Juan J. Fernandez - Sociology (April 1, 2006)
The Authoritarian Foundations of Civic Culture: Spain and Italy in Comparative Perspective

Marko Tervio - Haas School of Business (March 18, 2006)
Career-Hopping: Learning and Turnover in an Imperfect Labor Market

Michael J. Handel and David I. Levine - Haas School of Business (March 13, 2006)
The Effects of New Work Practices on Workers

IRLE Special Conference:

"Understanding the Immigration Protests of Spring 2006: Lessons Learned, Future Trajectories"

The Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, the Pew Hispanic Center and the Department of Sociology hosted this one-day conference on Friday April 20, 2007. The event was well attended, and lively interchanges marked the day's proceedings. There were three panel discussions, each of which featured distinguished presenters and discussants:

Panel 1: Overview and Assessment: What Happened in Spring 2006?

  • Jonathan Fox (UC Santa Cruz) - "Mapping Mexican Migrant Civil Society"
  • Irene Bloemraad (UC Berkeley) - "All in the Family: Dual Mobilization in the East Bay"
  • Nilda Flores-Gonzales and Amalia Pallares (University of Illinois, Chicago) - "Emerging Voices: New Actors in the Chicago Protests"
  • Lisa Martinez (University of Denver) - "The Politics of Immigration in a Bellwether State: Evidence from Denver"
  • Discussant: Kim Voss (UC Berkeley)

Panel 2: Looking Back: Immigrant and Latino Mobilization in the Past

  • Maria Echaveste (UC Berkeley) - "Putting the Spring Protests in Historic Context"
  • Ruth Milkman (UC Los Angeles) - "L.A.'s Past, America's Future? The 2006 Immigrant Rights Protests and their Antecedents"
  • Gary Segura (University of Washington, with Shaun Bowler & Francisco Pedraza) - "The Efficacy and Trust of Juan Q. Public: How the Immigration Marches Reflect Surprising Support for American Institutions of Governance"
  • Discussant: Robert Mickey (University of Michigan, Robert Wood Johnson Scholar)

Panel 3: Looking Forward: The Future and Meaning of the Protests

  • Jonathan Simon (UC Berkeley) - "What the May 1st Marchers Meant: Immigration Reform Should Not Be About Crime"
  • Louis DiSipio (UC Irvine) - "Drawing New Lines in the Sand: An Early Assessment of the Medium-and Long-Term Consequences of the 2006 Immigrant Rights Protests"
  • Taeku Lee (UC Berkeley), S.Karthick Ramakrishnan (UC Riverside), and Ricardo Ramirez (USC) - "From Pickets to Polls? Bridging Political Behavior and Social Movements Perspectives on the Immigration Protests"
  • Discussant: Rachel Moran (UC Berkeley, Director of the Institute for the Study of Social Change)

New Visiting Scholars

The following scholars will be visiting IRLE in the coming months:

Ms. Theresa Beltramo, August 2007- September, 2008, from University of Venice, Italy
Research interest: labor markets in poor nations. Ms. Beltramo is sponsored by David Levine, Professor Haas School of Business.

Ms. Kristin Joachimsen, January, 2007- January, 2008, Assoc. Professor -Dept. of Religous Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Oslo ,Norway, sponsored by Prof. Trond Petersen.
Ms. Joachimsen's research is 'The relation of identity to the experience of exile'.

Ms. Aekyung Kim, February, 2007- August, 2007, Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan,sponsored by Professor Michael Reich.
Research is on Japan and U.S. non-standard work and the social security system.

Mr. PerOla Oberg, January, 2008- April, 2008, Assoc. Professor,Uppsala University, Sweden, sponsored by Prof. Chris Ansell and Michael Reich.
Research interest focused on interest group participation in public policy-making, public administration, and industrial relations in Sweden.

IRLE Program News

The Labor Center

Upcoming Events

Summer Institute for Union Women
All women engaged in action to improve the conditions of working people are invited to the 26th Annual Summer Institute for Union Women for a week of learning, celebration, inspiration, and action. There will be classes and activities for women activists at every level of experience, from beginner to advanced. All classes will be presented in a supportive environment to enable the sharing of ideas, strategies, information, and experiences. Instructors are energetic and highly respected labor educators who understand the importance of providing a hands-on, dynamic educational experience.

Tuesday–Saturday, July 17–21, 2007, UC Clark Kerr Conference Center, 2601 Warring Street, Berkeley.

Deadline for applications is May 29. For more information or to register visit, or contact Karen Navarro at or 510-643-0910.

Latino Leadership School
For Spanish-speaking emerging leaders from unions and community-based organizations in the Central Valley of California, this school provides opportunities to develop new skills and share experiences that will build stronger ties between labor and other social justice movements.

November 2007; specific dates TBA (3 days), at St. Anthony Retreat in Three Rivers (near Fresno). Registration required

Check our website for more information. Or contact Veronica Carrizales at or 510-642-9249.

New Staff:
We’re pleased to welcome Andrea Buffa to our staff as the Communications Analyst for the Labor Center. Andrea has most recently worked in Campaign and Communications Director capacities at Global Exchange. She has also recently served as a lecturer on media and communications at UC Davis. Andrea has many years’ experience coordinating events and publicizing campaigns, leading media trainings, and developing publicity strategies on behalf of community and non-profit organizations. In this new role for CLRE, Andrea is charged with promoting and disseminating CLRE’s research, developing a speaker’s program in the Fall, and creating media opportunities for our Specialists.

California Public Employee Relations

In the April 2007 issue of CPER Journal (No. 184) attorney Thomas Driscoll, Jr., writes about a recent Court of Appeal decision that is vitally important to teachers and school districts throughout California. In "Teacher Credentialing, Classification and Seniority: The Ed. Code Rules,” Driscoll examines the ruling in Bakersfield Elementary Teachers Assn. v. Bakersfield City School Dist., which enforces the Education Code’s statutory scheme.

In another main article, "Employee Religious Rights and Sexual Harassment: Competing Policies,” Richard Whitmore notes that employers in both the public and private sector are facing an increasing number of complaints from employees alleging that they are victims of religious discrimination in the workplace. Specifically, he addresses "a gradual but noticeable change in the type of religious complaint being filed.” "More recently,” he says, "religious discrimination claims appear to be less personal and focused on an employee’s right to impact others in the workplace.”

And, in "The Evolution of a Negotiator,” regular contributor Gregory Dannis examines his own personal and professional growth over the years as he negotiates at 20 to 30 tables annually for public school and community college districts.

The CPER website now posts a section for CPER pocket guide updates, giving pocket guide users access to the most recent information between editions. Our first set of updates to the Pocket Guide to K-12 Certificated Employee Classification and Dismissal is available on our site, and can be printed and inserted in the guide. Updates will be announced online and in CPER Journal as they are posted.

The Public Employment Relations Board advisory committee will hold its next meeting in Sacramento on May 17 to discuss PERB's training conference to be held in Southern California on September 20. Last fall, CPER and PERB hosted this educational event designed to give labor and management representatives an instructive review of the administrative process covering the collective bargaining statutes enforced by PERB. The Northern California event was so successful that it is being repeated in the south.

California Studies Center News

The California Studies Center put on a successful conference on 'The Crisis of the California Commons', on the weekend of April 27-29, at Berkeley City College. 125 people were in attendance, sessions were lively, and enthusiasm high (especially for a similar conference to be held next year). The entire conference is available on audio at:

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment has completely revamped and redesigned its web site, with expert help from IRLE's Web Administrator Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho and Web Specialist Heather Lynch.

Please visit

Two new publications will also be posted at the CSCCE site in May:

Chutes or Ladders? Creating Support Services to Help Early Childhood Students Succeed in Higher Education
by Kara Dukakis, Dan Bellm, Natalie Seer, and Yuna Lee.

Developed with support from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, this report explores efforts in California to support "nontraditional" students, particularly in the field of early care and education, and makes recommendations for further initiatives and research.

Disparities in California's Child Care Subsidy System: A Look at Teacher Education, Stability and Diversity
by Marcy Whitebook, Fran Kipnis, and Dan Bellm.

Using data from the California Early Care and Education Workforce Study, commissioned by First 5 California and released in 2006, this policy brief focuses on disparities in staff professional preparation, stability, and diversity between licensed child care centers that receive public funding solely through vouchers, and those that receive it through a contract with Head Start or the California Department of Education.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Library Exhibit: Recent Immigration Studies

The IRLE Library has launched its first topical exhibit with a focus on recent publications in immigration studies. This exhibit coincided with Irene Bloemraad’s April 20 conference, "Understanding the Immigration Protests of Spring 2006: Lessons Learned, Future Trajectories" (described above). IRLE community members who wish to suggest potential topics should contact Terry at

Intranet News

Elizabeth del Rocio and Heather continue to work on the Intranet, and Elizabeth has spent part of her time during April meeting with content providers. In the coming months library staff will work with content providers to make sure the Intranet becomes both timely, and "lively.” Also, during summer 2007, the Library Web team will evaluate "extranet” products, which will be suitable for large scale collaborative projects across organizational boundaries.

Digitization News

Terry Huwe has been working with Chloe Osmer and Greg Castillo at the California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO, to prepare documents for digitization. At the same time, Janice and Alyn Jay Libman have organized IRLE’s own publications for digitization. The commercial firm that will do the digitization (Apex, Inc.) will be sending "test scans” to the Library in early May, and it is our hope that materials can be shipped shortly afterwards.

Living New Deal Project

The Library is working with Dick Walker, Gray Brechin and the California Historical Society to explore the feasibility of assuming custodianship of the Web site for The Living New Deal Project (LNDP, The LNDP is devoted to expanding awareness of the impact of the New Deal on California society. If the project comes together, the IRLE Library would oversee the Web, while other partners would perform program activities such as outreach.

National Webcast on Library 2.0 Features IRLE

Terry Huwe will be presenting a national Webcast under the sponsorship of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) on May 14. The title of the presentation is "Getting Started with Your Library 2.0 Game Plan.” The focus of the presentation is interactive technologies and new library applications.

Recently Added Journals

The following titles have been reinstated during spring 2007 (partial list):

  • American Economic Journal
  • American Economic Review
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • American Sociological Review
  • Chronicle of Higher Education
  • Economic & Industrial Democracy
  • Economica
  • Employee Relations Law Journal
  • European Journal of Industrial Relations
  • Industrial and Labor Relations Review (back issues)
  • Journal of Economic Perspectives
  • Journal of Economic Issues
  • Journal of Economic Literature
  • Journal of Labor Economics
  • Journal of Labor Research
  • Labor History
  • Labor Studies Journal
  • Southern Economic Journal
  • Work & Occupations

The Labor Project for Working Families

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Grant

The Labor Project for Working Families has received a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to research the possibility of an online database of work and family collective bargaining clauses. This would build on the Labor Project's existing database and be the only such online database of its kind.

Netsy Firestein and former staffperson Nikki Dones co-authored an article in a new book The Sex of Class: Women Transforming American Labor, edited by Dorothy Sue Cobble, Cornell University Press. In their article – Unions Fight for Work and Family Policies - Not for Women Only – they highlight labor's role in passing California's Paid Family Leave law, the first in the country and a New York City labor coalition's successful campaign for more state child care subsidies for working families.

To order a copy of The Sex of Class, visit:

NEW! Quality Child Care: A Guide for Working Parents

This FREE resource from the Labor Project for Working Families and the California Federation of Teachers gives working families information on:

  • Care needs for children at different ages
  • How to find quality child care
  • How unions can address child care needs of members
  • How working families can make a difference

Note: While the community resources listed in this publication are California-specific, other information contained in the guide is general and relevant for all working parents.

Child Care Guide – View Online or Download a Free Copy

To order a FREE hard copy, email or call (510) 643-7088. Publication funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Campus Events

Center for Latin American Studies

Frances Contreras, University of Washington, Seattle
College Bound Latinos: Social Reproduction or Perseverance?

Discussant: Lisa Chavez, UC Berkeley

May 4, 2007
3:00-5:00 PM
Shorb House
2547 Channing Way (at Bowditch)

Immigrant Rights and Farm Workers: Photography Exhibit
Martin Luther King, Jr. Student Union, Multicultural Center/Heller Lounge

April 5-May 7, 2007
Every day
9 a.m.-9 p.m.

Institute for the Study of Social Change

Katrinell Davis, PhD candidate, Sociology, UC Berkeley
Why Poverty Frameworks Matter: The Sociology of Bad Choices
"Stuck Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Explanations of Employment Change Among African-American Women in the Postindustrial Era"

May 10, 2007
ISSC Conference Room
2420 Bowditch Street (at Haste)
ISSC Fellows Colloquium