January/February 2011 (No. 47)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Dick Walker


Especially Recommended
Job Creation and Local Communities Series:

Feb. 2 – Job Creation by and for Local Communities -- Robert Giloth, Annie E. Casey Foundation
Feb. 14 – The Role of State Fiscal Policy in Job Creation -- Ken Jacobs, CLRE
Feb. 23 – Jobs Tax Credits and Job Creation -- Jesse Rothstein, Goldman School
Feb. 23 – Economic Development in Hard Times: How to Spend Less and Get More -- Greg LeRoy, Good Jobs First
Feb. 28 – The Cleveland Model: From Green Jobs to Green Ownership -- Ted Howard, Evergreen Cooperatives and The Democracy Collaborative

IRLE News and Events
New Front Door Intercom Installed at IRLE
Spring Colloquium Series Begins During February
Industrial Relations: A Journal on Economy and Society, Volume 50, No. 2

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics
The Donald Vial Center for Jobs in the Green Economy
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events
UC Santa Cruz Events




New Front Door Intercom Installed at IRLE

For security reasons, IRLE has installed an intercom on its front door. All visitors will need to locate the individual or program unit they are visiting, and call them via the intercom to gain entry. We anticipate that this change should not pose any difficulties for visitors to 2521 Channing way.


IRLE Colloquium Series
IRLE is pleased to announce a special seminar series which will focus on job creation and the local community. The series brings together both UC faculty and affiliates and well-known experts in the field. At this time series details are still being finalized; a list of topics and speakers follows below. Check the IRLE Web for further details, including times for each event. In addition to this topical series, there are also three other colloquia, which are listed below in chronological order.
Please check the IRLE Web site to obtain specific information for each event listed below.

Job Creation and Local Communities: A Special Series
Feb 2 – Job Creation by and for Local Communities -- Robert Giloth, Annie E. Casey Foundation

Feb 14 – The Role of State Fiscal Policy in Job Creation -- Ken Jacobs, CLRE

Feb 23 – Jobs Tax Credits and Job Creation -- Jesse Rothstein, Goldman School

Feb. 23 – Economic Development in Hard Times: How to Spend Less and Get More -- Greg LeRoy, Good Jobs First

Feb 28 –The Cleveland Model: From Green Jobs to Green Ownership -- Ted Howard, Evergreen Cooperatives and The Democracy Collaborative

March 7 – Job Creation in the Green Economy -- Carol Zabin and Karen Chapple, Vial Center

March 28 – Immigration: Economics, Attitudes and Policies -- David Card, UCB Dept of Economics

April 4 – Spatial Dynamics of Job Creation -- Ted Egan, Chief Economist, City of San Francisco

April 11 – Infrastructure, Job Creation, and Local Hire (Panelists TBA)

April 18 – Community Benefits, Accountable Development, and Job Creation -- Cecilia Estolano, Green For All

April 25 – The Union Vision for Job Creation (Panelists TBA)

Other Spring 2011 Colloquia
Monday,  March 14  
12 –1pm, 2521 Channing Way
Light lunch served.
George Strauss, Professor Emeritus, Haas School of Business
 "Union Democracy: Why have it? What is it? Plus a little bit of empirical data"

Monday, March 28
4pm –5pm
2521 Channing Way
Tsuyoshi Tsuru, Professor, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)
"Architecture, Product Development Organizations, and HRM of Engineers: Comparing Japanese, Korean, and Chinese Firms"

Monday, May 2 from
12pm –1pm, 2521 Channing Way
Light lunch served.
Professor Sandra Smith, UC Berkeley, TBA


Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society: Volume 50, No. 2

From Internal to Network Labor Markets? Insights on New Promotion Processes from the Call Center Industry
Chris Benner

Research on network forms of organization suggests that ‘business units’ may be a more useful analytical unit than ‘firms’ in understanding restructuring of internal labor markets. We find evidence for this proposition by analyzing promotion opportunities in 1760 call centers in 16 countries. We find substantial differences in promotion opportunities internal to the unit versus elsewhere, related to the use of explicit versus tacit knowledge in performance evaluation, distinctions between unit-specific and general-firm knowledge, and network-bridging organizational characteristics.

English-Language Proficiency And Occupational Risk Among Hispanic Immigrant Men In The U.S.
Alberto Dávila, Marie T. Mora, Rebecca González

We use data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, and the 2000 U.S. decennial census to analyze how occupational risk relates to the earnings of Hispanic immigrant men. Our findings indicate that those with limited English-language fluency received significantly higher compensating wages than their English-fluent counterparts in occupations with high rates of worker fatalities and non-fatal injuries and illnesses. The larger risk premiums accrued by limited-English-proficient (LEP) foreign-born Hispanic men also hold when further including U.S.-born Hispanic men and non-Hispanic white men in the sample. These findings are consistent with underlying differences in preferences toward wages versus safety between LEP and English-proficient workers, perhaps because undocumented workers (many of whom already faced hazardous conditions when migrating illegally to work in the U.S.) comprise a disproportionate share of the LEP. However, our data and methodologies do not allow us to determine whether these premiums adequately compensate the LEP for the occupational risk they undertake.

Worker Directors: A German Product that Didn’t Export?
John T. Addison and Claus Schnabel

Despite its seeming lack of attractiveness to other countries, the German system of quasi-parity codetermination at company level has thus far held up fairly well. We recount the theoretical arguments for and against this form of codetermination, and survey the evolving empirical evidence as to its economic impact. Even if theory and the more recent empirical findings hold out the prospect that the apparatus of good corporate governance might include employee representation on company boards, caveats attach to the extent of representation and the composition of the worker side. But even if the entity has performed better than its external reputation might indicate, it is clearly in the process of adapting to change. In particular, the availability of alternative forms of corporate governance will increasingly shape the German institution.

Minimum Wages, Employer-Provided Health Insurance and the Nondiscrimination Law
Mindy S. Marks

This paper exploits cross-state variation in minimum wages to investigate the impact of minimum wage changes on employer-provided health insurance. In contrast to the existing empirical literature, I consider an environment where some firms are constrained by nondiscrimination laws that govern the provision of health insurance. For these firms, minimum wage changes do not reduce the probability that workers will receive employer-provided health insurance. For firms not covered by the nondiscrimination law, and free to tailor their fringe benefits, low-skilled workers experience a disproportionate reduction in the availability and generosity of health insurance after a minimum wage increase.

Do Minimum Wages Really Reduce Teen Employment? Accounting for Heterogeneity and Selectivity in State Panel Data
Sylvia A. Allegretto, Arindrajit Dube, Michael Reich

Traditional estimates of minimum wage effects include controls for state unemployment rates and state and year fixed-effects. Using CPS data on teens for the period 1990 –2009, we show that such estimates fail to account for heterogeneous employment patterns that are correlated with selectivity among states with minimum wages. As a result, the estimates are often biased and vary with the source of identifying variation. Including controls for long-term growth differences among states and for heterogeneous economic shocks renders the employment and hours elasticities indistinguishable from zero and rules out any but very small disemployment effects. Dynamic evidence further shows the nature of bias in traditional estimates, and it also rules out more negative long run effects. We do not find evidence of heterogeneous employment effects in different parts of the business cycle. We also consider predictable versus unpredictable changes in the minimum wage by looking at indexation of the minimum wage in some states.

Language Skills and the Earnings Distribution Among Immigrants
Le Wang, Chunbei Wang

Employing recently developed instrument variable quantile regression methods, we estimate the language effects on the earnings distribution among immigrants. Utilizing U.S. Census data, we reach several interesting conclusions: (1) the language effects, while positive everywhere, are generally more pronounced in the lower tail of the earnings distribution than in the upper tail, (2) occupation and education channels can explain most of the language effects, as well as the large degree of heterogeneity in the language effects.




The Labor Center

The Institute for California Union Leadership (ICUL, formerly the California Union Leadership School) provides union leaders with an opportunity to reflect on current conditions in the economy and the labor movements, envision new approaches, and plan for the future. It is designed for chief officers of local and regional unions. The initial 3-day retreat will be held Wednesday March 9 through Saturday, March 12, 2011, at Asilomar in Pacific Grove, CA. Follow-up one-day roundtables will be held at UC Berkeley.

The California Lead Organizers Institute For Labor and Community Organizers (CLOI) brings together lead organizers and aspiring lead organizers from unions and community-based organizations to collectively enhance campaign skills and develop a deeper understanding of the critical issues affecting working people in California. The five-day training will be held in April 2011; specific dates and location TBA.

The Strategic Campaigns Workshop is a five-day intensive for organizers, researchers, field reps and business agents, member leaders, communications specialists and political coordinators in unions and community-based organizations that are embarking on, or in the midst of, strategic campaigns. It will be held this year May 9 through 13, location TBA.

The Strategic Research Training is a two-day introductory workshop for beginning union researchers. It will be held June 28-29, 2011, location tba, with a separate two-day follow-up training, Strategic Research II, in October 2011, specific dates TBA.

The Online Media Training workshop teaches how to use online tools to organize workers and community members, and garner media attention. It will be held in August, 2011, specific dates tba.

The Media Skills workshop is a two-day workshop for union communications directors, leaders, and organizers who carry out media work. The next workshop will be held in November 2011, specific dates TBA.

Check our website, http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu, regularly for updated information and applications.


California Public Employee Relations

Saturday, March 19, 2011

The California Public Employee Relations Program (CPER) at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, UC Berkeley is honoring Director Carol Vendrillo with toasts and thanks as she retires from CPER, and is celebrating her lengthy career serving the public sector.

Whether you know her from her early years at the National Treasury Employees Union...her years at the Public Employment Relations Board...her years at CPER...in her roles as arbitrator, speaker, board member...OR as the life of the public sector party....no matter which side of the table you’re on...we hope you’ll join us at the dinner table!

Saturday evening, March 19, 2011, at Hs. Lordship’s at the Berkeley Marina.

For more information, contact CPER Managing Editor Stefanie Kalmin at , 510/643-7096.


California Studies Center


The 21st Annual California Studies Conference

Food Fights: Popular Struggles Beyond California Cuisine

Friday, April 1, and Saturday, April 2, 2011 – Oakland Museum of California

California has been a historical epicenter to successive revolutions in what we eat, where it comes from, and how it is produced and marketed--from the late 19th/early 20th century development of agri-business and growers' co-ops to the turn to health food in the 1970s to today's slow food and food justice movements. The 21st Annual California Studies Conference, in partnership with the Oakland Museum of California, will bring together activists, scholars, community leaders, and the broader public to explore food as a fulcrum of political and social change over time. Sessions will focus on three themes: Food Justice, Organizing the Food Industry, and Agri-Culture.



Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

CSCCE announces the upcoming release of two reports. "Learning Together: A Study of Six B.A. Completion Cohort Programs in Early Care and Education: Year 3" will be available in February, 2011. This study focuses on four counties’ efforts to expand bachelor’s degree opportunities in early care and education for working adults.
Also available in February, 2011: "Workforce Information: A Critical Component of Coordinated State Early Care and Education Data Systems".This brief describes the early care and education workforce data landscape and details the challenges to aligning these data systems and current efforts to address these challenges.

CSCCE is also pleased to announce that executive director Marcy Whitebook has been appointed to the Committee on Early Childhood Care and Education Workforce: A workshop of the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine. The committee will hold a workshop February 28 and March 1, 2011 to describe the early care and education workforce and identify supports provided for early childhood teachers and caregivers.

For more information, visit our website at www.irle.berkeley.edu/cscce.


Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics

CWED Briefs the California State Senate on Labor Market Issues

Associate Chair Sylvia Allegretto was participated in the California State Senate Caucus Conference, which was held at the UC Davis MIND Institute in Sacramento on Tuesday, January 18, 2011. She presented information on California’s labor market situation (unemployment and underemployment along with an analysis of job growth by industrial sectors) and engaged in a two hour discussion with the senators regarding economic policy and prospects for recovery.

Other presenters included Jerry Nickelsburg, Senior Economist, UCLA Anderson Forecast; Stephen Levy, Director and Senior Economist, Center for Continuing Study of the California Economy; and Christopher Thornberg, Founding Principal, Beacon Economics.


The Donald Vial Center for Jobs in the Green Economy

On December 8th The Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy hosted the summit "Workforce Strategies, Energy Efficiency, and Green Jobs: A summit to discuss needs, challenges, and opportunities in California". It was a great success and over 250 people attended the event at the Clark Kerr Center at UC Berkeley. Results were presented from the first comprehensive assessment of labor demand and education and training infrastructure in energy efficiency, distributed generation, and demand response. The summit offered stakeholders from the workforce and energy communities a forum for discussion of the key findings and recommendations and possible next steps.

For further information: http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/vial/


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

2521 Channing Way Intercom and Library Visitors

The implementation of a secure intercom on the front door of the IRLE building means that all non-IRLE visitors have a new step to gain access. The easy-to-use intercom service should not present any problems for all campus and community visitors, and revised signage at the IRLE door will ensure that users quickly learn to use the system.

Fond Farewell to IRLE Web Administrator Heather Lynch

After four productive and groundbreaking years at IRLE, Heather Lynch will be leaving us and going to the private sector. She will be working in Web development at Splunk, Inc, a "mature" startup that provide IT and Web system analytics.

During her time at IRLE, Heather achieved many milestones. She wrote the code that made California’s Living New Deal Project possible. The codebase was copyrighted by the Regents and continues to serve CDLNP. Heather also implemented many time-saving online forms, extended Web services, and "grew" with IRLE, which has increased its online presence dramatically as programs have grown. She has created an operational foundation for eCommerce for the Labor Center’s California Workers’ Rights publication. With time, we hope to extend eCommerce services to keep pace with IRLE’s growth. Most of all, Heather has been a collegial, responsive and all-around-terrific member of our community, and she will be missed very much.

We will be recruiting for this position. In the mean time, we are very fortunate that long-time "institutor" and friend Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho has joined IRLE on a limited term appointment. Web services will necessarily be reduced during the recruitment period, but we anticipate that we can keep all Web content current.

IRLE Librarian Makes Presentation at London Conference

In October 2010, IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe was invited to make a presentation at the Internet Librarian International conference in London. He spoke about emerging trends in scholarly communications and their potential impact on teaching and research. The event is truly international in scope, with attendees predominantly from Europe, Asia and the pacific rim. Only four Americans were invited to make presentations.


Labor Project for Working Families

The Labor Project for Working Families and Berkeley Center for Health, Economic & Family Security recently released a great resource for state administrators, federal policymakers, national and state advocates and researchers entitled Guide to Implementing Paid Family Leave: Lessons from California. The Guide provides key lessons learned in implementing California’s Paid Family Leave (PFL) program and offers specific advice and recommendations in the areas of Outreach and Education, Administration, Employer Issues, Policy Issues and Research and Data Collection. It also covers the basics of the law and how it was passed.  Download a free copy atwww.working-families.org.

Trainings & Presentations
Labor Project’s Education & Training Coordinator Jenya Cassidy led an all day training The Family Friendly Workplace:   How Unions Win It for UFCW Region 1 staff on January 25 in Secaucus, NJ.  The training brought together union representatives and organizers from New York and New Jersey to focus on ways to organize and bargain for workers with family responsibilities.  Many workers in the retail sector struggle with lack of flexibility and last minute schedule changes.

On January 13, the Labor Project’s Executive Director Netsy Firestein joined national experts and Mary Beth Maxwell from the Department of Labor on a panel to discuss new research on Paid Family Leave in California and opportunities for similar policies at the national level. Netsy shared her experiences on organizing for Paid Family Leave in California and underscored the do’s and don’ts for other states looking at paid leave programs. The event was hosted by the Center for American Progress Action Fund.
View event video athttp://www.americanprogressaction.org/events/2011/01/pflca.html.

Brandy Davis, Labor Project’s Policy Coordinator, presented policy recommendations on paid sick days and family leave on behalf of the California Work & Family Coalition at the 2011 Working Families Policy Summit in Sacramento on January 12. The event was hosted by the California Center for Research on Women and Families to provide advocates a forum to present and discuss policy proposals for the legislative session.

New D.C. Staff: Carol Joyner
The Labor Project welcomed its newest staff member –Carol Joyner –in January. Carol will be based in Washington DC working with international unions to promote federal and state work and family policies. Formerly Director of the 1199SEIU Employer Child Care Fund, Carol has a long history in the labor movement and in helping organize and bargain for family-friendly workplaces. Contact Carol:

In the News
Sacramento Bee Viewpoints: Family leave program has proved its value, but it could do more
Sacramento Bee –January 25, 2011
An op-ed by Labor Project’s Executive Director Netsy Firestein about how California can build on the early success of its Paid Family Leave program, and what other states can learn from it.

Study: California Working Families Benefit from Landmark Paid Family Leave Law
Labor’s Edge –January 20, 2011
A blog post by Labor Project’s Education & Training Coordinator Jenya Cassidy featuring new research on California’s Paid Family Leave law.

Guide Offers Lessons from Nation’s First Paid Family Leave Program
AFL-CIO Now Blog –January 16
A blog post about Guide to Implementing Paid Family Leave: Lessons from California, a new resource developed by the Labor Project for Working Families and Berkeley Center for Health, Economic & Family Security.



Center for Labor Economics, Labor Lunch Series
608-7 Evans Hall

February 11, 2011
"Labeling Effects in an Employee Savings Scheme; A Non-Parametric Analysis".
Nathanael Vellekoop, Tilburg University

Center for Latin America Studies
Bay Area Latin America Forum
January 31, 2011
12:00 –1:15 pm
575 McCone Hall
"The Global Economic Crisis and the Mexican–U.S. Border", Manuel Perlo Cohen, Universidad Autónoma Nacional de México and a visiting scholar at UC Berkeley’s Institute of Urban and Regional Development

Demography Department
Brown Bag Seminar
2232 Piedmont Avenue,

January 26, 2011
The Social and Economic Returns to a College Education.
Mike Hout, Demography and Sociology, UC Berkeley

February 9, 2011
Retirement and Longevity.
Mark Borgschulte, Economics, UC Berkeley

Economics Department
Economics 222, Economics of Innovation
C335 Cheit Hall

January 26, 2011
Incentives or Resources?  Commercialization of University Research by Start-Ups vs. Established Firms.
Arvids Ziedonis, University of Oregon, (with Brent Goldfarb and Rachelle Sampson, University of Maryland)


Institute of East Asian Studies
2223 Fulton, 6th Floor, Conference Room

    – Center for Japanese Studies
    January 25, 2011
    The Politics of Privacy in Japan: Global Policy Convergence and the Personal Information Protection Act
    Eiji Kawabata, Visiting Scholar, Center for Japanese Studies

    February 24, 2011
    370 Dwinelle Hall
    Education, Work, and Marriage among Japanese Youth
    Hiroshi Ishida, Professor of Sociology, University of Tokyo

    – Center for Chinese Studies
    February 23, 2011
    Red Lights: The Lives of Sex Workers in Postsocialist China
    Tiantian Zheng, Anthropology, SUNY-Cortland

Graduate School of Journalism
February 2, 2011
Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism
North Gate Hall
The Future of Music Journalism: Computer or Curator?
Tim Westergren, Founder, Pandora, Doug Brod, Editor-in-Chief, Spin, Joel Selvin, Senior Pop Music Critic, San Francisco Chronicle, Niema Jordan, Executive Editor, 38th Notes

Institute for Governmental Studies

Colloquium on Race, Ethnicity and Immigration
Colloquium series co-sponsored and funded with the generous support of the Berkeley Diversity Research Initiative and the office of the Vice Chancellor for Equity and Inclusion. For more information, please contact Hana Brown at

Spring 2011 Schedule of Speakers
"Identity in Context: the Political Determinants of Latino Group Consciousness"
January 25 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Ali Valenzuela
PhD Candidate, Political Science
Stanford University

"Relocating Prejudice: A Global Transfer Theory of Immigrant Racial Attitudes"
February 8 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Wendy Roth
Assistant Professor of Sociology
University of British Columbia

"Intentional Blindness: How the Supreme Court Made Evidence of Racial Discrimination Irrelevant"
February 22 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Ian Haney-Lopez
John H. Boalt Professor of Law
University of California, Berkeley

Title TBA
March 15 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Cybelle Fox
Assistant Professor of Sociology
University of California, Berkeley

"Racial Propositions: Ballot Initiatives and the Making of Postwar California"
April 5 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Daniel HoSang
Assistant Professor of Political Science
University of Oregon

"Policy Devolution and the Racial Politics of Poverty Governance"
April 26 (Tuesday) at 12:30pm, Harris Room (119 Moses Hall)
Joe Soss
Cowles Chair for the Study of Public Service
Professor of Political Science
University of Minnesota


UC Santa Cruz Events
Director of the Center for Labor Studies
Two spring 2011 conferences are being offered by the Center:

"Whose City? Labor & the Right to the City Movement,"
Saturday, February 26th.
Keynote Speaker: David Harvey. A panel on immigrant labor will include Gihan Perera from the Miami Workers Center and Victor Narro from the LA Labor Center. 

"Laboring Across the Food System"
Co-sponsored with Food First, on May 7th.  The event will host four panels on work and organizing along four links in the food chain: farm work, food processing, food retaining, and food service.