August/September 2014 (No. 73)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, and Myra Armstrong.

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended
Monday, September 29, 2014 | 12PM - 1PM
ROUNDTABLE: IRLE Research on the new wave of minimum wage policies

Monday, October 13, 2014 | 12PM - 1PM
Prevailing wage laws in construction: wage mandates as a means of promoting collective bargaining

Monday, October 27, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
Christopher Walters

IRLE News and Events
Director's Letter of Welcome
IRLE Colloquium Series
IRLE Faculty Collaborate with New Haas School of Business Institute
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
Jesse Rothstein and Danny Yagan Receive Grant Funding to Study Income Inequality
IRLE Launches Data Working Group
Recent Working Papers
IRLE Employee Recognized by UN
Lloyd Ulman, April 22, 1920-September 17, 2014

IRLE Programs
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
Donald Vial Center for Employment in the Green Economy


IRLE News and Events

Director's Letter

Michael Reich

Dear Friends:

Welcome to the 2014-15 academic year! We will kick off the year with a roundtable on IRLE’s influential research on minimum wage policy on Monday, September 28th and our annual fall welcome party on Tuesday, September 30th.  Details are below.

This issue of IRLE eNews also includes information about new ventures underway at IRLE as well as among its faculty and program units. Many IRLE faculty affiliates, including me, have joined forces with the new Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society. I’m also pleased to share the news that Jesse Rothstein (Goldman School of Public Policy and Danny Yagan (Economics) received grants to study income inequality from the Washington Center for Equitable Growth. The Labor Center and the Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics have produced a number of new policy briefs, which have received considerable attention from the news media.

As IRLE grows, so also does its mandate to support the researchers who affiliate with us. IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe is chairing a multi-program data working group. This group will improve our data storage infrastructure and explore best practices for managing our ever-growing data resources. Thanks to this effort, work is well underway to secure sufficient storage space to last a number of years.

IRLE is demonstrating new momentum for the 2014-15 year. With that in mind, I look forward to welcoming the IRLE Community back to Berkeley at our fall reception at the end of September.  (Note: this event is by invitation only.)

Michael Reich, Director

IRLE Colloquium Series

All events are held in the Large Conference Room at 2521 Channing Way, unless otherwise noted.
A light lunch is served.

To attend an event, please RSVP: Myra Armstrong,

Minimum wage papers

Monday, September 29, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
ROUNDTABLE: IRLE Research on the new wave of minimum wage policies
Sylvia Allegretto, Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics, IRLE
Annette Bernhardt, Visiting Professor of Sociology and Visiting Researcher
Ken Jacobs, Chair, Center for Labor Research and Education
Michael Reich, Professor Economics, Director, IRLE
Rachel West, Senior Policy Analyst, Center for American Progress

» Recent UC Berkeley Minimum Wage Policy Briefs from the IRLE

As protests for higher minimum wages rock localities across the country, UC Berkeley researchers have provided some of the most critical and widely-cited economic studies of how these increases would impact local economies. Local policy briefs have been published on recent minimum wage proposals for the cities of Seattle, Oakland, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego. The authors will discuss these studies as well as California's minimum wage proposals, the effects minimum wage increases have on SNAP and Medicaid, and other minimum wage proposals being considered throughout the country.

Peter Philips

Monday, October 13, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Prevailing wage laws in construction: wage mandates as a means of promoting collective bargaining
Peter Philips, Professor, Economics, University of Utah

The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) is largely irrelevant to construction because the election mechanism used to establish collective bargaining is too time consuming to implement on most short-lived construction sites. De facto, prevailing wage mandates are the primary public policy promoting construction collective bargaining. The construction industry benefits from collective bargaining because this contract form overcomes free-riding dis-incentives-to-train and promotes industry-specific human capital formation and retention. Prevailing wage laws not only promote collective bargaining which in turns promotes skilled careers in construction, but also because many merit shop contractors work on prevailing wage jobs, prevailing wage laws export collectively bargained commitments to apprenticeship training into the commercial and civil-engineering sectors of the open shop. This paper will review the history and politics of prevailing wage laws and then focus on the role of prevailing wage laws in promoting apprenticeship training in construction.

Christopher Walters

Monday, October 27, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Christopher Walters, Assistant Professor, Economics


Alexander Gelber

Monday, November 17, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
Alexander Gelber, Assistant Professor, Goldman School of Public Policy


Marcy Whitebook

Monday, December 1, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The National Child Care Staffing Study 25 Years Later
Marcy Whitebook, Director, Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE)
Also presenting: Lea J.E. Austin, Fran Kipnis, CSCCE

Presentation of new evidence on the costs of our nation's failure to align expectations and earnings of early childhood teachers examining:

  • Changes in wages, education, and turnover among early education teachers 1989-2013.
  • Economic insecurity among early childhood teachers.
  • Utilization rates and costs of public benefits by early childhood workers and their families.
  • Policy efforts to improve early childhood teaching jobs.



IRLE Faculty Collaborate with New Haas School of Business Institute

The Haas School of Business has launched an ambitious project that draws upon the deep expertise of UC Berkeley faculty from a wide variety of fields. IRLE director Michael Reich and many other IRLE faculty affiliates (see below) are involved in this effort.

Prof. Reich also participated in a panel discussion on September 15 that is titled "The Path to a Fair and Inclusive Society. US Representative Barbara Lee and Professor Hilary Hoynes (Public Policy and Economics) also presented.  The panel can be viewed on the Haas Institute's Web site at:

Top Goal:  A Multi-Disciplinary Focus

The Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society at UC Berkeley brings together researchers, community stakeholders, policymakers and communicators to identify and challenge the barriers to an inclusive, just and sustainable society and create transformative change.  The Institute serves as a national hub of a vibrant network of researchers and community partners and will take a leadership role in translating, communicating and facilitating research, policy and strategic engagement.

At the heart of the Haas Institute are seven clusters of teaching and research that focus on addressing society's most pressing and pivotal issues related to vulnerable and marginalized populations. The Haas Institute draws upon UC Berkeley's considerable multidisciplinary excellence and history of engaged leadership through seven research clusters involving almost 100 scholars from UC Berkeley.

The Economic Disparities Group cluster includes 19 faculty members, including the following IRLE Affiliates:

David Card (Economics)
Karen Chapple (City & Regional Planning)
Rucker Johnson (Goldman School of Public Policy)
Enrico Moretti (Economics)
Paul Pierson (Political Science)
Steven Raphael (Goldman School of Public Policy)
Michael Reich (Economics and Director, IRLE)
Robert Reich (Goldman School of Public Policy)
Jesse Rothstein (Goldman School of Public Policy)
Emmanuel Saez (Economics)
Richard Walker (Geography)


Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society

July 2014, Volume 53, Issue 3

The Journal is available in the Library and online in the Wiley Online Library (subscription required):

Temporary Agency Work and Firm Competitiveness: Evidence from German Manufacturing Firms (pages 365–393)

Sebastian Nielen and Alexander Schiersch

This paper addresses the relationship between the utilization of temporary agency workers by firms and their competitiveness measured by unit labor costs, using a rich, newly built, dataset of German manufacturing enterprises. We conduct the analysis by applying different panel data models while taking the inherent selection problem into account. Making use of dynamic panel data models allows us to control for firm-specific fixed effects as well as for potential endogeneity of explanatory variables. The results indicate an inverse U-shaped relationship between the extent that temporary agency workers are used and the competitiveness of firms.

The Impact of Collective Bargaining Legislation on Strike Activity and Wage Settlements (pages 394–429)

Michele Campolieti, Robert Hebdon and Benjamin Dachis

We examine the effects of collective bargaining legislation, such as (among others) bans on replacement workers and reinstatement rights, on private sector strike activity and wage settlements using Canadian data from 1978 to 2008. Our estimates indicate that this legislation does not have a statistically significant effect on the incidence of strikes. However, we do find that some of the policy variables have a statistically significant effect on strike duration and wage settlements.

The Heterogeneous Effects of Workforce Diversity on Productivity, Wages, and Profits (pages 430–477)

Andrea Garnero, Stephan Kampelmann and Francois Rycx
We estimate the impact of workforce diversity on productivity, wages, and productivity-wage gaps (i.e., profits) using detailed Belgian linked employer-employee panel data. Findings show that educational (age) diversity is beneficial (harmful) for firm productivity and wages. While gender diversity is found to generate significant gains in high-tech/knowledge-intensive sectors, the opposite result is obtained in more traditional industries. Estimates neither vary substantially with firm size nor point to sizeable productivity-wage gaps except for age diversity.

The Impact of Living-Wage Ordinances on Urban Crime (pages 478–500)

Jose Fernandez, Thomas Holman and John V. Pepper
We examine the impact of living wages on crime. Past research has found that living wages appear to increase unemployment while providing greater returns to market work. The impact on crime, therefore, is unclear. Using data on annual crime rates for large cities in the United States, we find that living-wage ordinances are associated with notable reductions in property-related crime and no discernable impact on nonproperty crimes.

The Relationships of Informal High Performance Work Practices to Job Satisfaction and Workplace Profitability (pages 501–534)

Yoshio Yanadori and Danielle D. van Jaarsveld
Recent empirical evidence reveals considerable divergence between management reports and employee reports regarding organizational high performance work practices (HPWPs). This divergence implies that employees may not participate in some HPWPs that are formally present in their organizations, but also, that employees may participate in HPWPs that are not formally present in their organizations. In this study, we examine the implication of the latter case (i.e., employee participation in "informal" HPWPs) for employee-level and organization-level outcomes. Our analyses, using data from the Statistics Canada Workplace and Employee Survey, suggest that employee participation in informal HPWPs is associated with enhanced job satisfaction and workplace profitability in a similar way as employee participation in formal HPWPs is associated with these outcomes.

Jesse Rothstein and Danny Yagan Receive Grant Funding to Study Income Inequality

UC Berkeley economists Jesse Rothstein of the Goldman School of Public Policy and Danny Yagan of the Department of Economics have been awarded grants to study income inequality. The funding agency is the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, working together with the Russell Sage Foundation. Prof. Rothstein will research school finance reform and educational equity; Prof. Yagan will examine the U.S. tax structure.

Read the Full Story:


Recent Working papers

Working papers may be downloaded from:

Shedding Light on Inventors' Returns to Patents
Domenico Depalo and Sabrina Di Addario
Working Paper No. 115-14
August 2014

An evaluation and explanation of (in)efficiency in higher education institutions in Europe and the U.S. with the application of two-stage semi-parametric DEA
Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz
Working Paper No. 114-14
August 2014

Exploring universities' efficiency differentials between countries in a multi-year perspective: an application of bootstrap DEA and Malmquist index to Italy and Poland, 2001-2011
Tommaso Agasisti and Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz
Working Paper No. 113-14
June 2014

Framing the Immigrant Movement as about Rights, Family, or Economics: Which Appeals Resonate and for Whom?
Irene Bloemraad, Kim Voss, and Fabiana Silva
Working Paper No. 112-14
May 2014

IRLE Employee Recognized by UN

The Office of the United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education has selected Nang Attal to receive a 2014 Youth Courage Award. This year, the awards will recognize and honour youth who have personally demonstrated courage and leadership and acted as agents of change for universal education.

The Youth Courage Awards were first announced at the United Nations on Malala Day in 2013, and then honoured six young people who had demonstrated leadership in the fight to get every child into school. Previous winners have led organisations which run child marriage-free zones in Bangladesh and continued their education against daunting odds.

Awardees will be announced at a special Youth General Assembly hosted alongside the UN General Assembly on 22 September 2014 in New York.

Congratulations, Nang!


Lloyd Ulman, April 22, 1920-September 17, 2014

Lloyd Ulman, Professor of Economics (emeritus) at the University of California Berkeley and a long-time director of its Institute of Industrial Relations, died on September 17, 2014 at the age of 94.

Full Story »


IRLE Programs

The Labor Center


The Mayor of Los Angeles' Proposed City Minimum Wage Policy: A Prospective Impact Study
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry
September 1, 2014
The Mayor of Los Angeles has requested that UC Berkeley's Institute for Research on Labor and Employment conduct an impact study of his proposal to establish a city-wide minimum wage of $13.25 an hour by 2017, phased in over three steps.  This report therefore examines the effects of the minimum wage policy on Los Angeles workers, businesses and the overall economy.

San Francisco's Proposed City Minimum Wage Law: A Prospective Impact Study
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry
August 27, 2014
San Francisco's Mayor, members of the Board of Supervisors, and labor, business and community leaders recently agreed to place an initiative on the November 2014 ballot that would raise the minimum wage in the city to $15.00 an hour by 2018, phased in over four steps. This study examines the effects of the minimum wage proposal on San Francisco workers and businesses.

Affordable Care Act: Summary of Provisions Affecting Employer-Sponsored Insurance
UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education
July 1, 2014 (updated)
This summary addresses common questions from unions and employers about the impact that the federal health law will have on employer-sponsored insurance.

Modified Adjusted Gross Income under the Affordable Care Act
UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education
July 1, 2014 (updated)
This fact sheet summarizes the components of Modified Adjusted Gross Income, which is the basis for calculating eligibility for Medicaid and subsidized health insurance through the Exchanges under the Affordable Care Act.

Fact Sheet: Estimated Impact of San Diego's Proposed Minimum Wage Law
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry
June 29, 2014
The City of San Diego is considering a proposal to establish a citywide minimum wage. The proposed minimum wage would phase in over three years as follows: $9.75 on January 1, 2015; $10.50 on January 1, 2016; and $11.50 on January 1, 2017. Beginning in 2019, the city's minimum wage would be adjusted annually to keep up with increases in the cost of living.

The Impact of Oakland's Proposed City Minimum Wage Law: A Prospective Study
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry
June 16, 2014
The Lift Up Oakland Coalition, an alliance of community, labor, small business and faith organizations, has placed an initiative on the Oakland November 2014 ballot that would establish a minimum wage of $12.25 for businesses in the city starting March 1, 2015. This study examines the effects of a $12.25 minimum wage on Oakland workers and businesses.

Data and Methods for Estimating the Impact of Proposed Local Minimum Wage Laws
Jeremy Welsh-Loveman, Ian Perry and Annette Bernhardt
June 16, 2014
In this technical report, we document a methodology developed by the UC Berkeley Labor Center to estimate the number of workers impacted by proposed local minimum wage laws, as well as the expected
increase in wages. This methodology is similar to that used by researchers to generate impact estimates for national and state minimum wage proposals, but differs in several respects because of significant data limitations for city- or county-based analyses.

Shelved: How Wages and Working Conditions for California's Food Retail Workers have Declined as the Industry has Thrived
Saru Jayaraman
June 1, 2014
The report shows that while California's food retail industry has enjoyed consistent growth over the past two decades, the expansion of a low-price, low-cost business model – and the choices that traditional, unionized grocers have made in the face of it – have produced a dramatic wage decline, with high rates of poverty and hunger among workers in a sector that once enjoyed relatively high wages and unionization rates. The report calls for a two-pronged strategy to arrest and reverse these trends: support for unionization, and public policies that support livable wages and benefits. This strategy would promote the creation of good jobs in the food retail sector and help build long-term prosperity for California's families and communities

A Little Investment Goes a Long Way: Modest Cost to Expand Preventive and Routine Health Services to All Low-Income Californians
Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Dave Graham-Squire, Greg Watson, Dylan H. Roby, Nadereh Pourat and Gerald F. Kominski
May 21, 2014
The California legislature is considering a proposal (Senate Bill 1005, the Health for All Act) that would expand Medi-Cal coverage to include primary and preventive care, prescription drugs, mental health care, dental care, and other routine health services for all low-income California residents regardless of immigration status. his brief finds that the proposed Medi-Cal expansion would involve new state spending, but the cost is modest in comparison to the impact on health and coverage, and the policy also produces savings.


Vietnam: Worker Shared Challenges
Tuesday, September 30, 2014
12:00-1:30 PM
UC Berkeley Labor Center
2521 Channing Way
Berkeley, CA

Join us for a brown-bag lunch discussion with retired union organizers and activists Leanna Noble and Hollis Stewart as they share their recent experiences from seven months teaching labor relations at Ton Duc Thang University in Ho Chi Minh City.

Please RSVP by visiting the event Facebook page or by sending an email  to Teresa Jackson at

FOOD+LABOR: Forging a Truly Sustainable Food Policy Agenda for California in 2015
Wednesday, October 1, 2014
2:00-4:00 PM
Goldman School of Public Policy (Living Room)
2607 Hearst Avenue
Berkeley, CA

A panel discussion with:

  • CA Legislators
  • Chris Benner, UC Davis
  • James Araby, UFCW Western States Council
  • Michael Dimock, Roots of Change
  • MODERATOR: Saru Jayaraman, UC Berkeley Food Labor Research Center and Goldman School of Public Policy

The food and labor movements in California could benefit greatly from developing a joint policy agenda that works toward a truly sustainable food system. This panel will bring together food movement leaders, labor leaders, and legislators to discuss what this joint policy agenda for 2015 could look like.
Space is limited. Please RSVP to Wendy Chew,

New Grants

  • Y & H Soda Foundation, Low-Wage Work and Labor Standards in East Bay Cities
  • The California Wellness Foundation (via sub-award from UCLA), Estimates of the Remaining Uninsured in Southern California Counties


Mayor Garcetti hopes to pass $13.25 minimum wage in L.A. by early 2015
Los Angeles Times, September 12, 2014

Study: Fast Food Workers More Likely To Be On Publicly Subsidized Healthcare
Capital Public Radio, September 4, 2014

UC Berkeley study backs San Francisco minimum wage hike, September 3, 2014

San Francisco minimum wage increase would bump 23 percent of workers' salaries, researchers find
The Daily Californian, September 3, 2014

Welfare rates vary widely by state and city
Washington Post, September 2, 2014

Garcetti Plans to Raise Minimum Wage to $13.25 by 2017
Los Angeles Magazine, September 2, 2014

Los Angeles joins the local movement to raise the minimum wage
Los Angeles Times, September 2, 2014

Mayor Garcetti: $13.25 minimum wage would bolster buying power, boost productivity
89.3 KPCC, September 2, 2014

Minimum wage hike could affect 4 in 10 LA workers, boost economy
89.3 KPCC, September 2, 2014

Los Angeles Proposes a Higher Minimum Wage
Huffington Post, September 2, 2014

Op-Ed: Hiding L.A.'s minimum wage is a win-win
Los Angeles Times, September 1, 2014

Garcetti calls for boosting minimum wage to $13.25 after three years
Los Angeles Times, September 1, 2014

Garcetti calls for $13.25 minimum wage by 2017
Los Angeles Times, September 1, 2014

Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti announces plan for minimum wage hike
Los Angeles Daily News, September 1, 2014

Union Workers Push for Minimum Wage Hike
abc7 News, September 1, 2014

The Sunday Show with Philip Maldari: Labor Day
Kpfa, August 31, 2014

Los Angeles Mayor Considers a $13.25 Minimum Wage
Businessweek, August 29, 2014

142,000 Workers to Benefit from SF Minimum Wage Hike
Beyond Chron, August 28, 2014

Who Stands to Benefit from San Diego's Minimum Wage Hike
Voice of San Diego, August 28, 2014

UC Berkeley study highlights benefits of proposed San Francisco minimum wage increase
San Francisco Examiner, August 28, 2014

Proposed Minimum Wage Hike in San Francisco to Benefit People of Color, Study Finds
Pacifica Evening News, August 27, 2014

Minimum wage bump would help close wealth gap for 23% in S.F.
San Francisco Chronicle | August 27, 2014

Minimum Wage Hike Can Help Close San Francisco's Extreme Income Gap, Study Finds
Huffington Post, August 27, 2014

UC Berkeley Offers 2nd Opinion On San Francisco's Proposed $15-An-Hour Minimum Wage
CBS SF Bay Area, August 27, 2014

On Labor Day, Let's Celebrate Farm and Food System Workers
Huffington Post, August 26, 2014

U.S. Chamber of Commerce Joins Lawsuit Against "Discriminatory" Seattle Minimum Wage Hike
Huffington Post, August 14, 2014

A university president gave up $90,000 to give his minimum wage workers a raise
Vox, August 11, 2014

Why Are Black Workers Relegated to the Lowest-Paying Jobs at Baltimore's Airport?
The Nation, August 8, 2014

The Future of Minimum Wage Will Be Decided in Cities
New Republic, August 1, 2014

Complaint from 1 Berkeley worker puts living wage law under scrutiny
The Daily Californian, July 30, 2014

Time to update health exchange data to avoid tax surprises
San Francisco Chronicle, July 30, 2014

Indocumentados aportan millones a la economía
La Opinión, July 29, 2014

Nonprofits fear Oakland minimum wage hike
San Jose Mercury News, July 27, 2014

Minimum-wage increase a boost for Oakland
San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2014

Koch brothers' new racial gambit: What's really behind a quiet battle with AFSCME
Salon, July 25, 2014

Minimum wage initiative to benefit at least 172,000 San Diegans, July 14, 2014
A Battle for Profits
East Bay Express, July 9, 2014

The ACA and Part-time Work
Bangor Daily News, Pine Treeconomics blog, July 7, 2014

Wal-Mart…the Race to the Bottom – Rohnert Park Super-Center?
Sonoma County Gazette, July 3, 2014

What The Supreme Court Rulings Mean For Unions, Religious Freedom
WAMC Northeast Public Radio, July 1, 2014

Ikea to raise its average minimum hourly wage to $10.76
Los Angeles Times, June 26, 2014

Wal-Mart flunks its fact-check: The truth behind its sarcastic response to the Times
Salon, June 25, 2014

Deferred Action immigrant students right to California health service routinely rejected, June 18, 2014

San Francisco leads the way with $15 minimum-wage ballot measure
Los Angeles Times, June 15, 2014

Oakland confronts dueling minimum wage hikes
Oakland Tribune, June 13, 2014

Minimum wage boost creates positive effects, report shows
San Francisco Chronicle, June 13, 2014

Oakland: Study Says Minimum Wage Increase Would Help City's Economy
Berkeley Daily Planet, June 13, 2014

New study shows who wins if Oakland hikes minimum wage
San Francisco Business Times, June 13, 2014

Grocery store workers go on the dole as wages fall
Retail Wire, June 11, 2014

Supermarket wages have declined nearly 25% since 1999, study says
Los Angeles Times, June 9, 2014

UFCW study urges legislative support for unions
Supermarket News, June 9, 2014

Grocery workers in California see wages shrink
San Francisco Chronicle, June 8, 2014

Study: Grocery workers struggle to pay for food
Sacramento Bee, June 8, 2014

How Seattle's $15 Minimum Wage Victory Began in New York City's Zuccotti Park
American Prospect, June 5, 2014

Seattle raises minimum wage to $15 an hour, highest in U.S.
Los Angeles Times, June 2, 2014

Beware pitfalls of health care subsidy: Spike in income could spell big tax bill
Chicago Tribune (blog), May 28, 2014

Green pathways to youth employment
KALW, May 27, 2014

Focus of campaign to boost the minimum wage shifts to the local level
Los Angeles Times, May 27, 2014

Unions, activists push to up D.C.
Washington Post, May 25, 2014

Study finds 'modest' cost increase to state to give undocumented Medi-Cal
Bakersfield Californians, May 22, 2014

UC-Berkeley Study Validates Legislation To Insure Undocumented in California
California Healthline, May 22, 2014

Bill to Expand Health Care to Undocumented Immigrants Faces Tough Test in Legislature
KQED California Report, May 22, 2014

Study sees modest costs in healthcare for immigrants here illegally
Los Angeles Times, May 21, 2014

Lara estimates cost of expanding Medi-Cal to unauthorized immigrants would top $350M
89.3 KPCC, Southern California Public Radio, May 21, 2014

Is 2014 the Tipping Point? Activist Researcher Fights to Raise Wages of Restaurant Workers
California Magazine, May 21, 2014

What Happens To A Consumer Who Gets Exchange Plan Buyers
Washington Post, May 20, 2014

Living Wage: UC Berkeley
KALW, May 19, 2014

Viewpoints: Health care coverage for undocumented immigrants
Sacramento Bee, May 17, 2014

Opinion: Why fast food workers need be be paid more
CNN, May 15, 2014

The fast food strike: the hard facts behind the Big Mac attack
PBS Newshour, May 15, 2014

Fast food workers to strike again
Boston Globe, May 14, 2014

The Blame-Game, Double Standards & Fast Food: A Tale of the United States Economy
The London Economic, May 13, 2014

Opinion: Restaurants
by Saru Jayaraman
CNN Eatocracy, May 9, 2014

Did California Just Save 2,300 Lives by Expanding Obamacare? Let's Do The Math
California Healthline, May 7, 2014

Richmond takes step toward higher minimum wage
Contra Costa Times, May 7, 2014

Worst "Slate pitch" ever? Why there's nothing "ugly" about a $15 minimum wage
Salon, May 7, 2014

Frontline Staffers Qualify for Public Assistance: Report
Credit Union Times, May 6, 2014

Wall Street Journal Promotes Falsehood That Higher Wages Push Workers Onto Government "Dole"
Media Matters for America, May 6, 2014

Berkeley City Council considers proposal for minimum wage increase
Daily Californian, May 4, 2014

Berkeley could OK raised minimum wage plan this month
Berkeleyside, May 2, 2014

Fast Food Pulls a Fast One
Moyers & Company, April 29, 2014

What San Diego Can Learn From San Francisco's Minimum Wage Bump
by Ken Jacobs and Michael Reich
Voice of San Diego, April 29, 2014

Immigration News 2014: Undocumented Immigrants Deal With Limited Healthcare Options
Latin Post, April 28, 2014

California Public Employee Relations

CPER Pocket GuidesThis summer, CPER published several new editions in our popular Pocket Guide Series covering public sector labor relations.

Pocket Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act (3rd edition, 2014)
by Cathleen Williams and Edmund K. Brehl (updated by Brian Walter)    
The FLSA Guide focuses on the Act's impact in the public sector workplace and explains complicated provisions of the law that have vexed public sector practitioners, like the "salary basis" test and deductions from pay and leave for partial-day absences. Each chapter tackles a broad topic by providing a detailed discussion of the law's many applications in special workplace environments. For example, the chapter that covers overtime calculation begins by defining regular rate of pay and then considers the payment of bonuses, fluctuating workweeks, and alternative work periods for law enforcement and fire protection employees. Other chapters focus on record keeping requirements, hours of work, and "white collar" exemptions. In each case, detailed footnotes offer an in-depth discussion of the varied applications of the FLSA.

Pocket Guide to the Firefighters' Procedural Bill of Rights Act (3rd edition, 2014)
by J. Scott Tiedemann
The FBOR Guide is designed for firefighters of all ranks and for their employee organizations and employers in the State of California, and any city, county, municipal corporation, public district, or public authority that provides firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. The guide provides an overview of the requirements of the Act; the text of the Act, as well as pertinent provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act; a catalog of major court decisions, including those Public Safety Officer's Procedural Bill of Rights Act decisions likely to be important in deciding issues under the FBOR; and a table of cases and glossary of terms.

Coming this fall:
Pocket Guide to the Basics of Labor Relations (4th edition)
Pocket Guide to Public Sector Arbitration: California (2nd edition)

Coming this winter:
Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts (5th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Higher Education Employer-Employee Relations Act (2nd edition)

All Pocket Guides are described and can be ordered at

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment


CSCCE Announces Commitment to Action at the 2014 Clinton Global Initiative America (CGI America) Meeting
On June 25th, the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE) announced our Commitment to Action, Assessing What Teachers Need to Help Children Succeed, at the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) America Meeting. This represents a two-year commitment to expand the use of, and scale up our online tool, Supportive Environmental Quality Underlying Adult Learning (SEQUAL) and accompanying services and training resources for early childhood teachers working in center-based programs.

SEQUAL plays a critical role in informing quality improvement strategies for early childhood programs as it gathers teaching staff perspectives about quality improvement by addressing five critical areas of teachers' learning environments: teaching supports, learning opportunities, policies and practices that support teaching staff initiative and teamwork, adult well-being, and how supervisors interact with staff to support their teaching practice.

An Opportunity for Alignment: Rethinking QRIS as part of Education Accountability
On July 25, 2014 at the QRIS National Meeting, CSCCE Director, Dr. Marcy Whitebook, delivered remarks during the plenary session, An Opportunity for Alignment: Rethinking QRIS as part of Education Accountability. In her remarks, Dr. Whitebook draws attention to three areas that are too often left out of the discussion of quality improvement in the ECE community: compensation, workplace supports and teacher voice. Read her remarks »

California Commission on Teacher Credentialing 
On August 15th, CSCCE Specialist, Lea J.E. Austin, presented The State of California Early Childhood Higher Education: Informing a Coordinated and Comprehensive Professional Development System to the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC).  New legislation requires the CTC to undertake a review of the Child Development Permit Matrix and assess the appropriate preparation standards for early childhood educators, including Transitional Kindergarten teachers. The CTC approved the formation of a panel to undertake this review in the coming year. You can download the PowerPoint presentation »


Mentors as Teachers, Learners, and Leaders
In this article, which appeared in the July/August 2014 edition of Exchange Magazine, Marcy Whitebook and co-author Dan Bellm, discuss three aspects of mentoring – mentors as teachers, mentors and learners, and mentors as leaders – that are essential for developing a skilled corps of mentors who are responsible for helping early childhood teachers improve their practice. The article includes a discussion of the supports that mentors need to help them develop and improve their effectiveness as mentors, as well as a discussion of the unique leadership role a mentor has in the field as someone is sits at the nexus of policy and practice.

Mentors as Teachers, Learners, and Leaders
Copyright © Exchange Press, Inc. Reprinted with permission from Exchange magazine. All rights reserved. Access Exchange Magazine at or call (800) 221-2864.

Save the Date - November 18th: 25th Anniversary of the National Child Care Staffing Study Event

On November 18, 2014 the New America Foundation (NAF) and the CSCCE will host an event marking the 25th Anniversary of the National Child Care Staffing Study (NCCSS). NCCSS brought the poverty-level wages and high turnover of early childhood teachers, as well as the consequences for the quality of children's experiences in early learning programs, to the nation's attention. To mark this anniversary, CSCCE Director, Marcy Whitebook, Deborah Phillips, and Carollee Howes, the principal investigators and authors of the National Child Care Staffing Study, will release a white paper examining the progress over the past quarter-century in improving early childhood teaching jobs and attracting and retaining a well-prepared workforce able to foster children's learning and development.

This event will take place on the morning of November 18th at the New America Foundation offices in Washington D.C. In addition to a brief presentation about the white paper, the event will include two panel discussions. These will respond to new evidence pointing to an urgent need to address long-standing inadequacies in how our nation prepares, supports and rewards teachers to ensure young children's optimal development.

Grants Awarded

Heising-Simons Foundation: Key Ingredients: Better Preparation, Reward and Support for Early Childhood Teachers

David and Lucile Packard Foundation: Early Childhood Higher Education Portal Project

Staff Changes

CSCCE is pleased to announce that on August 11th, 2014, Ferheen Abbasi joined our staff as the Administrative Assistant.  Previously, she worked with the Don Vial Center and the Labor Project for Working Families. She received her B.A.s in both Molecular and Cell Biology and Japanese from UC Berkeley. Ferheen will be in charge of office management and will assist with research projects.

Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics

July CWED Release:
In July 2014, CWED issued a joint release of a CWED and the Economic Policy Institute briefing:
Twenty-Three Years and Still Waiting for Change: Why It's Time to Give Tipped Workers the Regular Minimum Wage, by Sylvia A. Allegretto and David Cooper.

Additionally EPI hosted a panel in Washington DC on July 23 to discuss the tipped minimum wage, and CWED Co-Chair Sylvia A. Allegretto presented the results from the paper.

June CWED release:
Ten Dollars or Thirteen Dollars? Comparing the Effects of State Minimum Wage Increases in California,
by Sylvia A. Allegretto, Michael Reich and Rachel West

Co-Chair Allegretto  testified in Sacramento on behalf of Senator Leno's SB 935 to increase the state's minimum wage ultimately to $13.

On behalf of Assembly Member Luis Alejo, California Legislature Assembly Resolution No. 1011 commended Co-Chair Allegretto for her work on behalf of California's workers and their families.

Allegretto was also interviewed by the UC Berkeley Campus NewsCenter regarding the tipped minimum wage:

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

IRLE Forms a Data Working Group

During summer 2014 IRLE Director Michael Reich charged IRLE Librarian Terry Huwe to form a multi-program working group of data users at IRLE.  The group has two principal objectives, and also provides an ongoing forum to discuss the data needs of researchers and visiting scholars at IRLE.

The first objective is to develop and propose a plan to expand IRLE's data storage capacity for longer-term growth. This proposal was finalized, presented and approved immediately prior to the start of fall semester. A data storage array will be acquired and configured in fall of 2014 and winter of 2015. 

The second objective of the working group is to draft a set of basic "best practices" that will assist data users in organizing storage and retrieval of their files.

Working Group Members:
Terry Huwe, IRLE Librarian (Chair)
Sylvia A. Allegretto, Co-Chair, CWED
Carl Nadler, Economics PhD candidate
Ian Perry, Research and Data Analyst, The Labor Center
Janice Kimball, IRLE Library Operations Manager
Ex Officio:
Hadidjah Rivera, Assistant Director, IRLE
Robert Hiramoto, IRLE IT Manager
Annette Bernhardt, Visiting Researcher, CWED and The Labor Center

Library Book Reserves: Demand Grows as the Term Begins

Once again students from all over campus are turning to the IRLE's book collection to fill in gaps in their reading list. The usual reason is unavailability of books at other library branches on campus. In just a few weeks our reserved reading list has grown to include 29 titles, and we anticipate further growth.

Oral History Research:  Teamsters Scholar Takes Advantage of Rare Materials

Author Matthew Black has contracted by the Teamsters to write a biography about former Teamsters President Dave Beck and is visiting the IRLE Library to take advantage of a unique resource in the collection. The resource in question is an oral history of Einar Mohn, Teamster Leader.

Matthew's work will appear in a limited edition book that will be given to Teamsters members as well as selective libraries (including ours!)

IRLE Library-Managed Web Content Traffic, July 2014

The Library publishes all Web content for IRLE. With this issue of eNews we will begin a new entry that will showcase highlights in Web activity, which typically grows exponentially during the fall and spring of the academic year. The inaugural listing below shows totals mainly, but in the future we will add "top downloads" for publications and other Web content.

Total IRLE Web Pages under Library Oversight: 5,136

Unique Visitors                 Visits                     Downloads         Total Hits             Library Visits
41,232                                84,311                   758,002               1,165,787             8,246


Donald Vial Center for Jobs in the Green Economy

New Staff

Betony Jones recently joined the Don Vial Center team. She has extensive experience working in energy efficiency and other clean energy issues and will help further the Center's work to promote a high road model for the growth of clean energy sectors.

Strategic Planning on Workforce for the Investor-Owned Utilities 
In May 2014, the Don Vial Center released Workforce Issues and Energy Efficiency Programs: A Plan for California's Utilities, which offers a detailed action plan for the investor-owned utilities (IOUs) and the California Public Utilities Commission for developing and engaging a qualified workforce with the capacity to achieve the state's ambitious energy efficiency targets. The Plan has been endorsed by the CA Division of Apprenticeship Standards, the CA Workforce Investment Board, and the Green Collar Jobs Council, among others. The CA Building and Construction Trades have been engaged with and supportive of the work, along with environmental and environmental-justice advocacy organizations. If you're interested in learning more about the report or next steps, please contact Carol (

The report is available here:

Support for Emerald Cities Collaborative 
The Emerald Cities Collaborative (ECC) is leading implementation of the Los Angeles County Office of Sustainability's program to retrofit LA County buildings to zero net energy standards, and to scale this work throughout the ratepayer-funded Southern California Regional Energy Network. ECC organized pre-qualification training for local contractors, and is developing a working partnership with labor, community, and business sectors to discuss how to carry out this program most effectively. The Don Vial Center developed a case study on the initiative and is completing a labor market study to estimate jobs impacts of the potential investments needed to achieve zero net energy in the Municipal, University, School, and Hospital (MUSH) building sector.

Proposition 39 Implementation
The Don Vial Center continues to provide technical assistance to the state Labor Agency and the California Energy Commission to implement the jobs and workforce reporting requirements for Proposition 39-funded projects. Proposition 39 directs up to $550 million per year for five years from the state General Fund to the Clean Energy Job Creation Fund for energy efficiency and clean energy projects at California's K-12 public schools and community colleges.

State Workforce Investment Board and Green Collar Jobs Council
Carol Zabin, Green Collar Jobs Council (GCJC) chair and California Workforce Investment Board appointee, continues to lead the GCJC's work to encourage decision makers to implement jobs and workforce development recommendations for state investments in energy efficiency, clean energy and carbon reduction.

Clean Energy Working Group
The Don Vial Center continues to convene a working group on job quality and job access in California's energy efficiency and clean energy sectors. The working group provides a forum for labor, community, and environmental stakeholders to develop and coordinate strategies to ensure good jobs and workforce development outcomes from the state's major energy investments including Proposition 39, cap-and-trade auction revenue, and the California Public Utilities Commission energy efficiency funds.